At the AODA Alliance’s Request, CTV Commendably Corrects an Inaccurate Online News Report About Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Plans


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

At the AODA Alliance’s Request, CTV Commendably Corrects an Inaccurate Online News Report About Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Plans

June 8, 2021

            SUMMARY

Who watches the watchers? Once again, the AODA Alliance has had to do so, when it comes to monitoring media coverage or lack of coverage of the danger since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic of disability discrimination in access to life-saving critical care in Ontario hospitals.

This is Part 2 of our own coverage on this important question. The June 7, 2021 AODA Alliance Update described how CBC’s flagship national daytime current affairs radio program “The Current” has failed to cover the dangers of disability discrimination in critical care triage during the COVID-19 pandemic. Today, we look to another network and another story—one with an eventual  happy ending.

Back on April 28, 2021, CTV’s nightly national TV news program commendably covered the danger of critical care triage in Ontario. It is good that its report included a reference to disability concerns.

However, CTV’s online news report on this issue (unlike its shorter broadcast TV news item) inaccurately stated as a fact that under Ontario’s critical care triage protocol, people with disabilities are to be treated no differently than others. It stated:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population…”

That statement of fact was absolutely and provably incorrect. We were not contacted by CTV before that story ran.

This story appeared to the AODA Alliance to possibly be one that the physicians at the centre of planning the Ontario critical care triage protocol may have brought to the media. It has the focus and sound of the message that they espoused.

On April 30, 2021, the AODA Alliance reached out by email to CTV news. We showed how that statement was factually wrong. To its credit, after some back-and-forth exchanges, at our request CTV news removed that harmfully inaccurate statement from its online report. We very much appreciate that this story was corrected.

Around May 6, 2021, CTV updated this online story in response to our concerns. However, the change was not an effective solution. The line, quoted above, was revised to read as follows, which was also factually inaccurate:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population…”

As well, the following was commendably added later in the story:

“Disability advocates, backed by the Ontario Human Rights Commission, have raised human rights and discriminatory concerns about the protocol in letters to the provincial government.”

On May 18 and 19, 2021, AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky again wrote CTV about this story. While appreciating CTV’s effort to correct it, CTV was told that it was still inaccurate for the story to state as a fact that people with pre-existing disabilities are not to be treated any differently than the rest of the population under Ontario’s critical care triage protocol. Shortly after that, CTV again revised the online story to remove the entire unfactual statement. The following words were removed from it:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population…”

As well the online CTV story now includes a link to the AODA Alliance’s detailed February 25, 2021 report on disability discrimination in Ontario’s critical care triage protocol.

Below you can read the following:

  1. a) the original version of this CTV story as posted online on April 28, 2021.
  1. b) the AODA Alliance’s April 30, 2021 email to CTV news.
  1. c) The revised CTV online story as of May 6, 2021.
  1. d) The May 18 and 19, 2021 emails from the AODA Alliance to CTV, and
  1. e) The final version of the story as it now appears online.

We applaud CTV for correcting this story, and for being open to our feedback on it. We have urged CTV’s national news to do a story specifically focusing on the disability discrimination problems with Ontario’s critical care triage protocol. They have not yet done so. It remains an immediate and important story. Things are better in Ontario, but there has been no public accounting for the disability discrimination now embedded in hospital training across Ontario. As well, Manitoba is facing an immediate danger of possible critical care triage.

In contrast, CBC TV’s The National commendably ran a 7-minute story on that topic on 18, 2021. That was a very lengthy story for a national TV news program.

Who watches the watchers? The AODA Alliance and people with disabilities must do so!

For more background on this issue, check out:

  1. The online captioned video talk on this issue by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky, seen over 1,000 times, and
  1. The AODA Alliance website’s health care page.

1          MORE DETAILS

 CTV News April 28, 2021

Originally posted at

https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/ontario-hospitals-on-the-verge-of-enacting-last-resort-triage-protocols-1.5406746

Ontario hospitals on the verge of enacting ‘last resort’ triage protocols

Avis Favaro

Medical Correspondent, CTV National News

@ctv_avisfavaro

Elizabeth St. Philip

CTV News

@LizTV

Ben Cousins

CTVNews.ca Writer

@cousins_ben

Published Wednesday, April 28, 2021 10:00PM EDT

TORONTO — As intensive care admissions climb to dangerously high levels in Ontario, health-care workers in the province worry they might soon be forced into the worst-case scenario of choosing who gets the best care and who doesn’t.

On Wednesday, Ontario reported 3,480 new COVID-19 cases. Although a third wave in the province appears to be levelling off, the number of COVID-19 patients in the intensive care units (ICUs) is steadily climbing, to the point where the province is getting assistance from Newfoundland and Labrador and the Canadian military.

The province also reported on Wednesday that 2,281 patients are currently hospitalized, with 877 patients in intensive care.

It’s believed the province could be forced to enact triage protocols if ICU admissions related to COVID-19 exceed 900.

“I just can’t say strongly enough just what a horrible position we’re in the health-care sector right now and why it’s so important that we really drive these numbers to the ground,” Dr. Chris Simpson, a cardiologist and executive vice-president of Ontario Health, told CTV News.

“We simply have to get COVID under control if we’re going to have our health-care system back in a functional state again.”

Ontario’s triage protocols, developed in January, are meant as a last resort to determine who should be given intensive care when the demand for critical care exceeds the supply.

“It’s going to be extremely emotionally difficult for staff to have to make these decisions to tell family members that we’re not able to offer ICU-level treatments that we would have been able to offer in the past,” said Dr. Erin O’Connor, the deputy medical director of the University Health Network emergency departments.

The situation is already dire in the Toronto area, where health officials have been forced to transport patients to other districts as ICU beds in the city fill up. Ontario’s COVID-19 modelling numbers from April 16 suggest the province could see nearly 10,000 new COVID-19 cases per day by the end of May, even under strong public health restrictions.

“There is a wall that’s going to be hit at some point,” Simpson said. “We don’t know where that is yet. We do believe we can build about 200 new ICU beds per week for the next three weeks or so. It gets increasingly tougher, but we think that that will take us into mid-May and we can only hope that things will be cresting by that point.”

Under the triage protocols, all patients are assigned four colours — red, purple, yellow and green — depending on how doctors perceive a patient’s likelihood of surviving for another 12 months. Patients deemed red are predicted to have a 20-per-cent chance of surviving for the year, while patients deemed in the green have more than a 70-per-cent chance of surviving.

Under this system, ICU beds would be given to the green patients first, followed by yellow, purple and red.

“That doesn’t mean we’re not going to care for people,” O’Connor said. “We’re going to offer as much medical care as we possibly can, but some people won’t be able to be on a ventilator — people that we would have put on a ventilator in the past — simply because we’re in a situation where we’re dealing with scarce resources.”

The triage system puts doctors and other health-care workers in the unenviable position of deciding who does not receive the best possible care. It would even require doctors to decide who to withdraw from ICU care if they’re unlikely to survive for another year.

For O’Connor, the prospect having to tell a patient and their family that the province cannot provide them with the best care could have long-term consequences on the entire health-care system in Ontario.

“The hardest part really is going to be making these decisions,” she said. “This is going to take a really large emotional toll and I worry about my staff and I worry about people — after this — leaving medicine because they’re not going to be able to recover.”

“This is not what we’re trained to do. It’s not what we thought we would ever have to do in our careers.”

The triage guidelines are also terrifying for people with disabilities, advanced age or pre-existing conditions.

“There’s also this very real concern that I may be denied care based on protocols that say that I have a less likely chance of surviving,” said Jeff Preston, who has a neuromuscular disorder and works as an assistant professor of disability studies at King’s University College, an affiliate of Western University in London, Ont.

“It’s one thing to get COVID and die, it’s a whole other thing to say, as a Canadian citizen, I might not actually have the same access to health care that other Canadians are going to receive and that hurts in a different way.”

The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.

“When I was first diagnosed as a baby, they did not believe I was going to survive more than a couple of years,” he said. “They predicted that I would probably die before four or five years old. Now here I am, almost 40 years old, many years later and that prognosis didn’t turn out to be true.”

QUEBEC ‘FAR FROM TRIGGERING’ TRIAGE PROTOCOLS

Other provinces have also developed similar triage protocols in the event ICU admissions exceed the available beds.

In Quebec for example, prioritization protocols are similar to Ontario’s and those who do not receive ICU admission “will not be abandoned; they will continue to receive other care, the most appropriate for their condition and possible in the context,” according to a statement from Quebec’s Ministry of Health and Social Services.

The department added that it is “far from triggering” the prioritization protocols and has not done so since the start of the pandemic. It has also expanded ICU capacity for COVID-19 patients to hopefully make sure it doesn’t happen.

“This scenario is one of last resort that we want to avoid at all costs,” the statement read. “That is why we are asking Quebecers for their contribution by reducing their contact as much as possible and by rigorously applying the recommended health measures.”

In Saskatchewan, triage protocols will consider a patient’s chance at survival, but also the length of time a patient may require the most care.

“These assessments must be based on the best available scientific evidence,” the Saskatchewan Health Authority wrote in a statement.

“Patients who are not going to receive ICU level of care will receive compassionate care. The sick and dying would not be abandoned. If a patient is not expected to survive, palliative or comfort care would be provided to reduce pain and suffering.”

intensive care admissions

As intensive care admissions climb to dangerously high levels in Ontario, health-care workers in the province worry they might soon be forced into the worst-case scenario of choosing who gets the best care and who doesn’t.

April 30, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CTV News

CTV’s online April 28, 2021 online news report on the issue of critical care triage in Ontario, entitled “Ontario hospitals on the verge of enacting ‘last resort’ triage protocols”, includes a seriously inaccurate and deeply disturbing statement that needs to be rectified. It states:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population…”

In fact, and contrary to what CTV reports, the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol explicitly directs that a patient’s disability IS a factor that in some cases is to be weighed AGAINST their getting access to the life-saving critical care they need, if Ontario has more patients needing critical care than it has critical care beds and supports.

For example, if a cancer patient needs critical care, they will be deprioritized if a patient is “Completely disabled and cannot carry out any self-care; totally confined to bed or chair”. As another example, if a patient needing critical care is over 65 and has a progressive disease (like MS, arthritis or Parkinson’s), their access to critical care is reduced depending on how few of eleven activities of daily living they can perform without assistance. This includes dressing, bathing, eating, walking, getting in and out of bed, using the telephone, going shopping, preparing meals, doing housework, taking medication, or handling their finances. In both examples, this is disability discrimination, pure and simple.

This is not open to factual debate. The secret January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol has been posted on the AODA Alliance website for over three months. No one has disputed that those two features are in the protocol. They can also be found in the terrifying online calculator that we made public, and that critical care doctors are being told to use if critical care triage takes place.

The presence of disability discrimination in the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol has led leading disability organizations to publicly demand that this disability discrimination be removed from it. See our efforts on this at www.aodaalliance.org/healthcare It has led the Ontario Human Rights Commission to raise serious concerns. As well, fully six members of the Ontario Government’s own advisory Bioethics Table have been publicly critical of the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol. This is all documented in detail at www.aodaalliance.org/healthcare

It is good that your story quotes Prof. Jeff Preston as being concerned about the triage protocol. The entire passage, excerpted above, states:

“The triage guidelines are also terrifying for people with disabilities, advanced age or pre-existing conditions.

“There’s also this very real concern that I may be denied care based on protocols that say that I have a less likely chance of surviving,” said Jeff Preston, who has a neuromuscular disorder and works as an assistant professor of disability studies at King’s University College, an affiliate of Western University in London, Ont.

“It’s one thing to get COVID and die, it’s a whole other thing to say, as a Canadian citizen, I might not actually have the same access to health care that other Canadians are going to receive and that hurts in a different way.”

The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.

“When I was first diagnosed as a baby, they did not believe I was going to survive more than a couple of years,” he said. “They predicted that I would probably die before four or five years old. Now here I am, almost 40 years old, many years later and that prognosis didn’t turn out to be true.”

It is good that the CTV report notes that people with disabilities are terrified. However, the substantial misstatement of fact to which we here point is not corrected by that aspect of the CTV report. The reader is left with the uncontradicted categorical statement that

“The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population…”

At best, the triage protocol says that people with certain stable disabilities are not thereby to be assessed by the Clinical Frailty Scale that measures their ability to perform the eleven tasks of daily living, listed above, without assistance. However, the protocol goes on to apply that disability-discriminatory Scale to people with progressive disabilities (e.g. MS or arthritis, to name a few).

Especially in a national online news story dealing with a life-and-death issue, and its dangerous implications for society’s most vulnerable, it is essential for CTV to get its facts right. This is all the more so since people with disabilities disproportionately have born the brunt of COVID-19 and disproportionately died from it. It is also especially so since it has been so hard to get the media to cover this story. We’ve been trying for over a year, with success for the most part taking place only very recently.

It would be one thing for your report to include our position and then any defence the Ford Government wishes to offer. CTV did not do so. Instead, it categorically states as objective fact something which is 100% incorrect, and which your reporters on this story did not reach out to us to discuss. Our position on these issues has been widely publicized to the media, including to CTV, via news releases and Twitter.

In marked contrast to the April 28, 2021 CTV online report, on the same day, Global TV News Toronto aired a story commendably bearing the accurate headline: “Ontario’s COVID-19 triage protocol ‘discriminates because of disability,’ advocates say”.

We know from the January 23, 2021 online webinar that Critical care Services Ontario conducted for hospitals that the Government or its proxies planned to do some sort of public media strategy on the critical care triage protocol. Your story corresponds in large part to the core messages of that strategy. That could very well be a coincidence, and CTV may well have not known about those media relations strategic plans.

We urgently ask you to do a national report on the disability discrimination that is explicitly included in the Ontario critical care triage protocol, the bogus arguments that have been made on the Ontario Government’s behalf to defend it, and the objections to it from the disability community, the Ontario Human Rights Commission and some members of the Government’s own advisory Bioethics Table. We would be please to assist you in any way in such a story.

David Lepofsky CM, O. Ont

Chair Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance

Twitter: @davidlepofsky

CTV News Online Report Updated by May 6, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/ontario-hospitals-on-the-verge-of-enacting-last-resort-triage-protocols-1.5406746

Ontario hospitals on the verge of enacting ‘last resort’ triage protocols

Medical Correspondent, CTV National News

Contact @ctv_avisfavaro

Elizabeth St. Philip, CTV News

Contact @LizTV

Ben Cousins, CTVNews.ca Writer

Contact @cousins_ben

Published Wednesday, April 28, 2021 10:00PM EDT

TORONTO — As intensive care admissions climb to dangerously high levels in Ontario, health-care workers in the province worry they might soon be forced into the worst-case scenario of choosing who gets the best care and who doesn’t.

On Wednesday, Ontario reported 3,480 new COVID-19 cases. Although a third wave in the province appears to be levelling off, the number of COVID-19 patients in the intensive care units (ICUs) is steadily climbing, to the point where the province is getting assistance from Newfoundland and Labrador and the Canadian military.

The province also reported on Wednesday that 2,281 patients are currently hospitalized, with 877 patients in intensive care.

It’s believed the province could be forced to enact triage protocols if ICU admissions related to COVID-19 exceed 900.

“I just can’t say strongly enough just what a horrible position we’re in the health-care sector right now and why it’s so important that we really drive these numbers to the ground,” Dr. Chris Simpson, a cardiologist and executive vice-president of Ontario Health, told CTV News.

“We simply have to get COVID under control if we’re going to have our health-care system back in a functional state again.”

Ontario’s triage protocols, developed in January, are meant as a last resort to determine who should be given intensive care when the demand for critical care exceeds the supply.

“It’s going to be extremely emotionally difficult for staff to have to make these decisions to tell family members that we’re not able to offer ICU-level treatments that we would have been able to offer in the past,” said Dr. Erin O’Connor, the deputy medical director of the University Health Networkemergency departments.

The situation is already dire in the Toronto area, where health officials have been forced to transport patients to other districts as ICU beds in the city fill up. Ontario’s COVID-19 modelling numbers from April 16 suggest the province could see nearly 10,000 new COVID-19 cases per dayby the end of May, even under strong public health restrictions.

“There is a wall that’s going to be hit at some point,” Simpson said. “We don’t know where that is yet. We do believe we can build about 200 new ICU beds per week for the next three weeks or so. It gets increasingly tougher, but we think that that will take us into mid-May and we can only hope that things will be cresting by that point.”

Under the triage protocols, all patients are assigned four colours — red, purple, yellow and green — depending on how doctors perceive a patient’s likelihood of surviving for another 12 months. Patients deemed red are predicted to have a 20-per-cent chance of surviving for the year, while patients deemed in the green have more than a 70-per-cent chance of surviving.

Under this system, ICU beds would be given to the green patients first, followed by yellow, purple and red.

“That doesn’t mean we’re not going to care for people,” O’Connor said. “We’re going to offer as much medical care as we possibly can, but some people won’t be able to be on a ventilator — people that we would have put on a ventilator in the past — simply because we’re in a situation where we’re dealing with scarce resources.”

The triage system puts doctors and other health-care workers in the unenviable position of deciding who does not receive the best possible care. It would even require doctors to decide who to withdraw from ICU care if they’re unlikely to survive for another year.

For O’Connor, the prospect having to tell a patient and their family that the province cannot provide them with the best care could have long-term consequences on the entire health-care system in Ontario.

“The hardest part really is going to be making these decisions,” she said. “This is going to take a really large emotional toll and I worry about my staff and I worry about people — after this — leaving medicine because they’re not going to be able to recover.”

“This is not what we’re trained to do. It’s not what we thought we would ever have to do in our careers.”

The triage guidelines are also terrifying for people with disabilities, advanced age or pre-existing conditions.

“There’s also this very real concern that I may be denied care based on protocols that say that I have a less likely chance of surviving,” said Jeff Preston, who has a neuromuscular disorder and works as an assistant professor of disability studies at King’s University College, an affiliate of Western University in London, Ont.

“It’s one thing to get COVID and die, it’s a whole other thing to say, as a Canadian citizen, I might not actually have the same access to health care that other Canadians are going to receive and that hurts in a different way.”

The triage guidelines specify that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.

“When I was first diagnosed as a baby, they did not believe I was going to survive more than a couple of years,” he said. “They predicted that I would probably die before four or five years old. Now here I am, almost 40 years old, many years later and that prognosis didn’t turn out to be true.”

Disability advocates, backed by the Ontario Human Rights Commission, have raised human rights and discriminatory concerns about the protocol in letters to the provincial government.

QUEBEC ‘FAR FROM TRIGGERING’ TRIAGE PROTOCOLS

Other provinces have also developed similar triage protocols in the event ICU admissions exceed the available beds.

In Quebec for example, prioritization protocols are similar to Ontario’s and those who do not receive ICU admission “will not be abandoned; they will continue to receive other care, the most appropriate for their condition and possible in the context,” according to a statement from Quebec’s Ministry of Health and Social Services.

The department added that it is “far from triggering” the prioritization protocols and has not done so since the start of the pandemic. It has also expanded ICU capacity for COVID-19 patients to hopefully make sure it doesn’t happen.

“This scenario is one of last resort that we want to avoid at all costs,” the statement read. “That is why we are asking Quebecers for their contribution by reducing their contact as much as possible and by rigorously applying the recommended health measures.”

In Saskatchewan, triage protocols will consider a patient’s chance at survival, but also the length of time a patient may require the most care.

“These assessments must be based on the best available scientific evidence,” the Saskatchewan Health Authority wrote in a statement.

“Patients who are not going to receive ICU level of care will receive compassionate care. The sick and dying would not be abandoned. If a patient is not expected to survive, palliative or comfort care would be provided to reduce pain and suffering.”

intensive care admissions

As intensive care admissions climb to dangerously high levels in Ontario, health-care workers in the province worry they might soon be forced into the worst-case scenario of choosing who gets the best care and who doesn’t.

May 18, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CTV News

To: CTVNews

From: David Lepofsky

Date: May 18, 2021

I regret that I must write to again raised concerns about the factual inaccuracy of CTV News’ online April 28, 2021 news report regarding Ontario’s critical care triage protocol. On April 30, 2021, I wrote to alert you to the fact that there was a serious factual error in that report, where it stated the following:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.“

In my April 30, 2021 email to CTV news, I explained that contrary to what CTV reported, the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol explicitly directs that a patient’s disability IS a factor that in some cases is to be weighed AGAINST their getting access to the life-saving critical care they need, if Ontario has more patients needing critical care than it has critical care beds and supports. That is disability discrimination.

I very much appreciate that as a result, CTV reporter Avis Favaro spoke to me about this issue and that CTV news looked into our objection.

As a result, CTV News made two changes to the online CTV News report, on or around May 6, 2021. I regret that the first of those changes included a serious factual inaccuracy. The first change was simply to add the word “pre-existing” before the word “disabilities” in the inaccurate statement in the original April 28, 2021 CTV news report. Report’s The revised statement now reads:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.”

Second, the May 6, 2021 version later adds this accurate sentence:

“Disability advocates, backed by the Ontario Human Rights Commission, have raised human rights and discriminatory concerns about the protocol in letters to the provincial government.”

It is good that CTV attempted to correct it’s inaccurate April 28, 2021 news report. However, CTV has replaced one serious inaccuracy with another serious inaccuracy. The January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol does not specify that “people with disabilities” are not treated any differently than the rest of the population (as the inaccurate April 28, 2021 report originally claimed) or that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than others (as the May 6, 2021 revision to that article claims. To the contrary, under that critical care triage protocol, if a cancer patient with pre-existing cancer needs critical care, they will be deprioritized if a patient is “Completely disabled and cannot carry out any self-care; totally confined to bed or chair”. That is disability discrimination, up front. Under that protocol, if a patient needing critical care is over 65 and has a progressive pre-existing disease (like MS, arthritis or Parkinson’s), their access to critical care is reduced depending on how few of eleven activities of daily living they can perform without assistance. This includes dressing, bathing, eating, walking, getting in and out of bed, using the telephone, going shopping, preparing meals, doing housework, taking medication, or handling their finances. That too is disability discrimination, pure and simple, including disability discrimination based on a pre-existing disability. CTV’s insertion of the word “pre-existing” into the inaccurate statement did not reduce or correct its complete and demonstrable inaccuracy.

I would add that unless I am mistaken or missed something, nothing on the CTV web page displaying this report acknowledges that there previously was a factual inaccuracy in it. In contrast, newspapers regularly print corrections to earlier stories, that are entitled “correction”, to ensure that the reader is aware that an earlier report had been inaccurate. No one reading the original April 28, 2021 story would know that it was erroneous. No one reading the same report, as revised on or around May 6, 2021, would know that CTV had attempted to correct it. Of course, no one would know from that report that it is inaccurate where it states as a fact that under the protocol, people with pre-existing disabilities are to be treated like everyone else.

We would very much appreciate this story being corrected so that it is accurate. We also would again encourage CTV to run a story that reports specifically on this disability discrimination issue that is anchored in the very wording of the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol. Ontario is not out of the woods, even though ICU cases and overall new COVID-19 cases are reducing. This remains a live issue for your viewers and readers, including the many with disabilities. The newsworthiness of this disability discrimination standing alone is important. The inaccuracy on the CTV website makes the case for a further report even more compelling.

We would be delighted to assist in any way we can. Please stay safe.

David Lepofsky CM, O. Ont

Chair Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Twitter: @davidlepofsky

May 19, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CTV News

Thank you for asking what correction or clarification to the April 28, 2021 CTV News story we would recommend. We respectfully propose that the sentence that requires a change is this:

“The triage guidelines specify that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.”

May we propose two alternatives. The first and preferable alternative would read:

“The triage guidelines do not ensure that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population. Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.”

The second and less desirable alternative would be to simply delete the inaccurate words “The triage guidelines specify that people with pre-existing disabilities are not treated any differently than the rest of the population, but”. The paragraph would therefore read

“Preston is skeptical in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.”

You asked for a link to the AODA Alliance website. We again offer two alternatives. The more specific link to our report that exhaustively details the disability discrimination in the Ontario critical care triage protocol is https://www.aodaalliance.org/whats-new/a-deeply-troubling-issue-of-life-and-death-an-independent-report-on-ontarios-seriously-flawed-plans-for-rationing-or-triage-of-critical-medical-care-if-covid-19-overwhelms-ontario-hospitals/

The more general link to all our posts on this issue is www.aodaalliance.org/healthcare

We Hope this helps. If a phone call would assist, let me know.

David Lepofsky CM, O. Ont

Chair Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance

Twitter: @davidlepofsky

CTV News Online Report As Revised Again on May 19, 2021

Originally posted at: jhttps://www.ctvnews.ca/health/coronavirus/ontario-hospitals-on-the-verge-of-enacting-last-resort-triage-protocols-1.5406746

CTV News

Ontario hospitals on the verge of enacting ‘last resort’ triage protocols

Avis Favaro, Medical Correspondent

Contact @ctv_avisfavaro

Elizabeth St. Philip, CTV News

Contact @LizTV

Ben Cousins , CTVNews.ca Writer

Contact @cousins_ben

Published Wednesday, April 28, 2021 10:00PM EDT

Last Updated Wednesday, May 19, 2021 9:14AM EDT

TORONTO — As intensive care admissions climb to dangerously high levels in Ontario, health-care workers in the province worry they might soon be forced into the worst-case scenario of choosing who gets the best care and who doesn’t.

On Wednesday, Ontario reported 3,480 new COVID-19 cases. Although a third wave in the province appears to be levelling off, the number of COVID-19 patients in the intensive care units (ICUs) is steadily climbing, to the point where the province is getting assistance from Newfoundland and Labrador and the Canadian military.

Related Links

Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance on triage protocols

The province also reported on Wednesday that 2,281 patients are currently hospitalized, with 877 patients in intensive care.

It’s believed the province could be forced to enact triage protocols if ICU admissions related to COVID-19 exceed 900.

“I just can’t say strongly enough just what a horrible position we’re in the health-care sector right now and why it’s so important that we really drive these numbers to the ground,” Dr. Chris Simpson, a cardiologist and executive vice-president of Ontario Health, told CTV News.

“We simply have to get COVID under control if we’re going to have our health-care system back in a functional state again.”

Ontario’s triage protocols, developed in January, are meant as a last resort to determine who should be given intensive care when the demand for critical care exceeds the supply.

“It’s going to be extremely emotionally difficult for staff to have to make these decisions to tell family members that we’re not able to offer ICU-level treatments that we would have been able to offer in the past,” said Dr. Erin O’Connor, the deputy medical director of the University Health Network emergency departments.

The situation is already dire in the Toronto area, where health officials have been forced to transport patients to other districts as ICU beds in the city fill up. Ontario’s COVID-19 modelling numbers from April 16 suggest the province could see nearly 10,000 new COVID-19 cases per day by the end of May, even under strong public health restrictions.

“There is a wall that’s going to be hit at some point,” Simpson said. “We don’t know where that is yet. We do believe we can build about 200 new ICU beds per week for the next three weeks or so. It gets increasingly tougher, but we think that that will take us into mid-May and we can only hope that things will be cresting by that point.”

Under the triage protocols, all patients are assigned four colours — red, purple, yellow and green — depending on how doctors perceive a patient’s likelihood of surviving for another 12 months. Patients deemed red are predicted to have a 20-per-cent chance of surviving for the year, while patients deemed in the green have more than a 70-per-cent chance of surviving.

Under this system, ICU beds would be given to the green patients first, followed by yellow, purple and red.

“That doesn’t mean we’re not going to care for people,” O’Connor said. “We’re going to offer as much medical care as we possibly can, but some people won’t be able to be on a ventilator — people that we would have put on a ventilator in the past — simply because we’re in a situation where we’re dealing with scarce resources.”

The triage system puts doctors and other health-care workers in the unenviable position of deciding who does not receive the best possible care. It would even require doctors to decide who to withdraw from ICU care if they’re unlikely to survive for another year.

For O’Connor, the prospect having to tell a patient and their family that the province cannot provide them with the best care could have long-term consequences on the entire health-care system in Ontario.

“The hardest part really is going to be making these decisions,” she said. “This is going to take a really large emotional toll and I worry about my staff and I worry about people — after this — leaving medicine because they’re not going to be able to recover.”

“This is not what we’re trained to do. It’s not what we thought we would ever have to do in our careers.”

The triage guidelines are also terrifying for people with disabilities, advanced age or pre-existing conditions.

“There’s also this very real concern that I may be denied care based on protocols that say that I have a less likely chance of surviving,” said Jeff Preston, who has a neuromuscular disorder and works as an assistant professor of disability studies at King’s University College, an affiliate of Western University in London, Ont.

“It’s one thing to get COVID and die, it’s a whole other thing to say, as a Canadian citizen, I might not actually have the same access to health care that other Canadians are going to receive and that hurts in a different way.”

Preston is skeptical of the triage guidelines in part because doctors sometimes incorrectly estimate life expectancy of people with these conditions.

“When I was first diagnosed as a baby, they did not believe I was going to survive more than a couple of years,” he said. “They predicted that I would probably die before four or five years old. Now here I am, almost 40 years old, many years later and that prognosis didn’t turn out to be true.”

Disability advocates, backed by the Ontario Human Rights Commission, have raised human rights and discriminatory concerns about the protocol in letters to the provincial government.

QUEBEC ‘FAR FROM TRIGGERING’ TRIAGE PROTOCOLS

Other provinces have also developed similar triage protocols in the event ICU admissions exceed the available beds.

In Quebec for example, prioritization protocols are similar to Ontario’s and those who do not receive ICU admission “will not be abandoned; they will continue to receive other care, the most appropriate for their condition and possible in the context,” according to a statement from Quebec’s Ministry of Health and Social Services.

The department added that it is “far from triggering” the prioritization protocols and has not done so since the start of the pandemic. It has also expanded ICU capacity for COVID-19 patients to hopefully make sure it doesn’t happen.

“This scenario is one of last resort that we want to avoid at all costs,” the statement read. “That is why we are asking Quebecers for their contribution by reducing their contact as much as possible and by rigorously applying the recommended health measures.”

In Saskatchewan, triage protocols will consider a patient’s chance at survival, but also the length of time a patient may require the most care.

“These assessments must be based on the best available scientific evidence,” the Saskatchewan Health Authority wrote in a statement.

“Patients who are not going to receive ICU level of care will receive compassionate care. The sick and dying would not be abandoned. If a patient is not expected to survive, palliative or comfort care would be provided to reduce pain and suffering.”

Correction:

A previous version of this story suggested triage guidelines



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With CBC’s Strong Commitment to Diversity and Equity in Its Programming, Why Won’t Its Flagship National Radio Program “The Current” Cover Disability Discrimination Dangers in Critical Care Triage Plans During the COVID-19 Pandemic?


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

With CBC’s Strong Commitment to Diversity and Equity in Its Programming, Why Won’t Its Flagship National Radio Program “The Current” Cover Disability Discrimination Dangers in Critical Care Triage Plans During the COVID-19 Pandemic?

June 7, 2021

            SUMMARY

Who watches the watchers? The AODA Alliance has had to do so, when it comes to monitoring media coverage or lack of coverage of the danger since the start of the COVID-19pandemic of disability discrimination in access to life-saving critical care in Ontario hospitals.

Since this danger was first revealed by disability advocates in early April 2020, we and others have been trying hard to get the media to cover this story. From the start, it has had all the hallmarks of a compelling news and public affairs story that is immediate, important and interesting. It has serious ramifications for millions of vulnerable people.

It is a life-and-death topic. It deals with secret Government policies and plans. It raises important human rights issues. Media scrutiny is an important way to hold public officials accountable.

For over a year, it has been an extremely uphill battle to get the media to cover this story. After months of effort, we managed to get some good local and national coverage in recent weeks. That shows how newsworthy it is. Yet the difficulties in even belatedly getting that coverage is itself worthy of attention and scrutiny.

The media often portrays itself as the public’s watchdog, but who watches the watchers? We offer an important illustration in this update.

As a powerful example, CBC’s flagship current affairs radio program “The Current” has refused to cover this story. That program has a great track record on diversity issues, such as those relating to women, Indigenous Peoples, racialized communities, and LGBT issues. It has chronically had a far worse record on covering disability issues. Its stated reasons for refusing to cover this story, documented below in an email from its executive producer to AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky, are transparently unpersuasive. One is left wondering what is really going on there. Read on.

In pointing to this example, we acknowledge with thanks that a number of news organizations have covered the issue of disability discrimination in Ontario’s critical care triage plans. Moreover, a number of journalists have tried to get their own media organizations to cover this issue, only to run into disturbing resistance. Moreover, some other CBC programs later did cover this story, though some gave it lesser or no examination.

This critical care triage issue remains a current story (pun intended). The Current should cover it, as should other news and public affairs programs that have not yet looked into it. Even with infection rates dropping in Ontario, there has still been no proper public accounting for the disability discrimination that has been embedded in Ontario hospitals and potentially in emergency ambulance services. With the pandemic’s surge in Manitoba, people with disabilities there now face the same dangers that Ontarians with disabilities have feared for months.

CBC at all levels needs to now carefully investigate and reflect upon its own troubling track record on covering disabilities issues, as it is serious failure to meet CBC’s commendable public commitment to diversity and equity in its coverage. This Update provides one stark and clear illustration of this broader failure. By this we don’t mean that CBC never covers disability issues. Rather, its attention to them pales in comparison to its coverage of other equity and diversity perspectives, as this Update’s example exemplifies.

To learn more about this issue, and to read the media coverage that we have managed to secure, check out the AODA Alliance’s health care page. You can also watch our newest captioned video on the critical care triage issue, which has been seen over 1,000 times in its first four weeks online.

 More Details

 1. The Current Is Certainly Not Current When It Comes to Disability Issues

Some two years ago, when the previous host of CBC’s program The Current was soon to retire, CBC held focus groups to get input into the future of The Current. AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky was invited to take part in one of those focus groups, to offer a disability perspective on the program. In preparation for that focus group, Lepofsky conducted a detailed review of months of broadcasts of The Current.

At this focus group (which looked at The Current from a wide range of perspectives), Lepofsky explained that this excellent CBC public affairs program does a great job of fulfilling CBC’s important public commitment to diversity in its coverage when it comes to some equity-seeking groups, such as racialized communities, Indigenous Peoples, women and the LGBTQ+ community. However, it has a poor record of far less attention to disability issues. Equity for some is in reality equity for none. No one disputed the observation that CBC’s The Current program has not given disability issues the kind of attention that it has repeatedly given other equity-seeking groups.

Sadly, nothing has significantly improved at The Current since that focus group two years ago, from the disability perspective. This is so even though we have sent the program any number of story ideas both before and after that focus group session.

The Current’s failure to address the disability issues in critical care triage during the COVID-19pandemic at any time over the past 15 months is a blistering illustration of this systemic failure. That program has commendably covered the pandemic from a multitude of perspectives. AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky sent The Current’s executive producer Raj Ahluwalia a detailed email on January 4, 2021, (set out below. It described this story idea, explained its importance, and offered to help the program look into it.

Raj Ahluwalia replied by email on January 5, 2021 (also set out below). He rejected the story as a topic for The Current. That rejection has never changed.

On January 8 and 18, 2021, AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky wrote him back (see below). He refuted The Current’s reasons for rejecting the story. Mr. Ahluwalia did not answer those emails. After this email exchange, The Current never reached out to the AODA Alliance to investigate the possibility of covering disability issues in critical care triage.

Raj Ahluwalia’s written reasons for rejecting this story are seriously flawed, both for reasons that David Lepofsky gave at the time, and in light of subsequent events. For example:

  1. Mr. Ahluwalia told us that the critical care triage topic is not suited for the format of The Current. Yet Just 13 days later, on January 18, 2021, The Current devoted a segment of its program to the critical care triage issue. Moreover, as David Lepofsky pointed out to Mr. Ahluwalia, TVO’s The Agenda with Steve Paikin, a very similar TV public affairs program, devoted a 30-minute segment on January 13, 2021 to the disability issues in critical care triage. If it is suitable for The Agenda, it is hard to see why it would be unsuitable for The Current.
  1. When The Current did discuss the critical care triage issue on its January 18, 2021 program, it did not include any disability experts or advocates. It only included physicians. The host Matt Galloway had a great record covering disability issues earlier when he had been the host of CBC’s Toronto radio program Metro Morning. However, in this edition of The Current, he asked no questions of the physicians he interviewed, that raised any of disability issues.
  1. Mr. Ahluwalia wrote on January 5, 2021 that the disability critical care triage issue was not suitable because it was hypothetical i.e. No one had died from a critical care triage decision. Yet that reason did not stop The Current from interviewing physicians about critical care triage just 13 days later on its January 18, 2021 program. Moreover, as David Lepofsky pointed out to Mr. Ahluwalia, The Current has elsewhere covered hypothetical topics.

We point to this example not to single out this one senior, very experienced CBC executive. Rather, we point it out because it is the best, and possibly the only example where a refusal to cover this important disability issue is based on reasons that were put in writing for us. When the reasons given are so transparently unconvincing, one is left to wonder whether there were other reasons at play, even unconsciously.

We urge CBC at the highest levels to look into this, and to consider why it has failed to live up to its commitment to diversity in its coverage in the disability context, especially when it has done so much better at implementing its diversity goals for certain other equity seeking groups. We are encouraged that CBC weeks later gave more coverage on some other programs to the disability-related critical care triage issue. However, that coverage was the product of months and months of efforts by us and others to get CBC to cover it at all.

As stated earlier, equity for some is equity for none. Diversity for some, is diversity for none. Equality for some is equality for none. It merely replaces and old hierarchy with a new one. In the new one, just as in the old one, those left at or near the bottom, like people with disabilities, remain wrongly languishing at the bottom.

 2. January 4, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CBC The Current Executive Producer Raj Ahluwalia

Happy new year Raj! In a nutshell, the story I’m proposing is summarized in the news release set out below. We can supply it to your program based on on-the-record and publicly-posted sources and multiple on-the-record people.

The issue is this: If the surging pandemic exceeds hospital capacity to provide life-saving critical care to all the patients who need it, who will be refused that care, and thus, who will die from a lack of health care? Who will decide who will be denied that care? What rules or standard will govern that life-and-death decision? Will there be any independent check is in place to protect patients, like an independent appeal process? Is there any foundation in law for any of this to take place in Ontario?

This is an important issue now. South of the border, NPR has done excellent investigative work revealing terrifying and appalling disability-based discrimination in access to critical care. Check out https://www.npr.org/2020/12/21/946292119/oregon-hospitals-didnt-have-shortages-so-why-were-disabled-people-denied-care

People with disabilities are already fearful of going to hospital, even if no critical care triage is now going on, because they fear the danger of being de-prioritized now or in the near future.

We and other disability advocates have been waging an incredibly frustrating uphill battle on this issue for months. In the past weeks, it has gotten very little media coverage, including from CBC. We have no idea why. On the rare occasion that an opposition MPP or reporter probes the Ford Government on this issue, the Government scrambles, dodges or prevaricates. The whole record on this is available to you at

www.aodaalliance.org/healthcare

People with disabilities are especially vulnerable here. They are disproportionately bearing the brunt of COVID-19 and are disproportionately dying from it. It would be a cruel irony indeed for them, of all people, to be exposed to the risk of disability-based discriminatory critical care triage. Happy to fill in the details any time. … Please do not leave any voice mails on that number.

****

ACCESSIBILITY FOR ONTARIANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT ALLIANCE

NEWS RELEASE – FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Just-Revealed Previously Secret Recommendations for Rationing Critical Medical Care in Ontario that the Ford Government is Considering Are Frightening for People with Disabilities

December 21, 2020 Toronto: Could it soon be that if COVID-19 overwhelms Ontario hospitals, doctors could be told to decide to select some critical care patients to be taken off life-saving critical care that the patients are receiving, still need and want, on the ground that these services must be rationed and given to some other patients? Could a patient who objects to critical care being withdrawn from them be denied a right of appeal to an independent court or tribunal, even though their life is endangered? Could the health professionals making such decisions be insulated from any liability for their actions?

Despite excitement over new vaccines, frightening unreported new details have emerged that would allow all of this to happen, if the record-breaking surge in COVID-19 cases requires hospitals to ration or “triage” life-saving critical care services and beds. The Ford Government is considering a recommendation, made public on the AODA Alliance website, to direct doctors to remove life-saving critical care from some patients already in intensive care who don’t consent to this, if triage becomes necessary. This is even worse than rationing scarce unfilled critical care beds when more patients need them than there are available services.

“Ford’s Government hasn’t shown it has legislative authority to take the drastic, highly-objectionable actions that it is considering,” said David Lepofsky, Chair of the non-partisan AODA Alliance that allies with other disability advocates to protect patients with disabilities against discrimination if triage becomes necessary. “Triage recommendations that Ford’s Government is considering just came to light in the past days, and only because disability advocates campaigned for three months to get the Government to reveal those secret recommendations.”

In those newly revealed September 11, 2020 recommendations, the Government’s external advisory Bioethics Table commendably called on the Government to rescind the Government’s controversial earlier March 28, 2020 critical triage protocol that it had sent Ontario hospitals last spring, because that protocol discriminated against patients based on their disabilities – a concern disability advocates have pressed since April. But last Thursday, at a rushed roundtable that the Ontario Human Rights Commission held with disability, racialized and Indigenous communities’ representatives, those community representatives said the newly revealed triage recommendations, while an improvement, also have numerous human rights problems, even though the recommendations say that human rights should be respected.

These new triage recommendations would give patients, whose lives are in jeopardy, no appeal beyond the health care system (e.g., to an independent tribunal or court). They would insulate health care professionals against liability for refusing or withdrawing life-saving critical care.

On October 29, 2020, the Government, under pressure from people with disabilities and seniors, belatedly rescinded its discriminatory March 28, 2020 triage protocol, but put nothing in place to fill the vacuum. The time when critical care triage may be needed is rapidly getting closer. Health Minister Christine Elliott hasn’t answered any of the six successive AODA Alliance letters to her extensively detailing our concerns.

At last Thursday’s roundtable, a Government representative spoke up for the first time, revealing more disturbing news. A member of the Ford Government’s internal “Critical Care Command Table” responded to feedback at the roundtable, saying that a new approach to triage, addressing human rights concerns raised at the roundtable (with which he seemed to find merit), would have to wait until after this pandemic is over.

“That’s like saying we can be given an umbrella only after the rain has stopped. After months of the Government delaying, refusing to talk to us, and hiding behind its external advisory Bioethics Table for months, we cannot accept that it is now too late to ensure that critical care triage, if necessary, cannot be done without disability discrimination,” said Lepofsky. “We need the Ford Government to speak directly to us, and to obey the Ontario Human Rights Code and Charter of Rights.”

Contact: AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky, [email protected]

For more background on this issue, check out:

  1. The Government’s external advisory Bioethics Table’s September 11, 2020 draft critical care triage protocol, finally revealed days ago.
  2. The December 3, 2020 open letter to the Ford Government from 64 community organizations, calling for the Government to make public the secret report on critical care triage from the Government-appointed Bioethics Table.
  3. The AODA Alliance’s unanswered September 25, 2020 letter, its November 2, 2020 letter, its November 9, 2020 letter, its December 7, 2020 letter, its December 15, 2020 letter and its December 17, 2020 letter to Health Minister Christine Elliott.
  4. The August 30, 2020 AODA Alliance submission to the Ford Government’s Bioethics Table, and a captioned online video of the AODA Alliance’s August 31, 2020 oral presentation to the Bioethics Table on disability discrimination concerns in critical care triage.
  5. The September 1, 2020 submission and July 20, 2020 submission by the ARCH Disability Law Centre to the Bioethics Table.
  6. The November 5, 2020 captioned online speech by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky on the disability rights concerns with Ontario’s critical care triage protocol.
  7. The AODA Alliance website’s health care page, detailing its efforts to tear down barriers in the health care system facing patients with disabilities, and our COVID-19 page, detailing our efforts to address the needs of people with disabilities during the COVID-19 crisis.

 3. January 5, 2021 Email from CBC The Current’s Executive Producer Raj Ahluwalia to AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky

Thanks for bringing it to my attention.

I’ve looked through some of what you’ve included here. And while I appreciate and understand your concerns and see that there may be a news story here but it doesn’t work for The Current.

Please allow me to explain.

The situation you describe is hypothetical. Unless there is an actual case of someone, disabled or not, who’s denied care in this manner, I have a hard time “seeing” where a story could editorially go.

I’m also not keen in comparing much from the U. S healthcare system with that of Canada’s. That’s not to say that we’re better than them, it’s just that

the systems are so different that any comparisons are inaccurate.

As you may know our stories run anywhere from 12-to 20-minutues, usually through a series of interviews. And unless there were to be an actual case, as I mentioned, any real discussion of the issues you bring up won’t sustain that length of time on our program.

I will, however, keep your suggestions in mind should there be such a case.

 4. January 8, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CBC The Current’s Executive Producer Raj Ahluwalia

Thank you for taking the time to explain why you do not consider the critical care triage story to be appropriate now for The Current. Exceptional as this may be, may I invite you to reconsider.

You said this story is hypothetical until triage of critical care actually takes place, leading a person to die from a refusal of critical care. Yet this issue is not hypothetical.

The top story on CBC national radio’s January 5, 2021 “The World at 6” (within hours of your writing me) reported that in some Ontario cities, intensive care units are full and tents are being erected. The first line of that newscast reported that the health care system is stretched beyond capacity. It reported that urgent measures are being taken because the system reached the breaking point. Moreover, the US mainstream media is reporting that critical care triage is in fact happening in some US venues.

It is therefore not hypothetical that our society and health care system must ensure that it is ready to administer critical care triage in this pandemic, even if such triage has not taken place. It is not hypothetical that this is a difficult issue and that Ontario has no prior experience triaging life-saving critical care.

It is not hypothetical that the Ontario Government had a secret protocol prepared last spring for this very purpose. It is not hypothetical that the Government was eventually driven to rescind that protocol just weeks ago. It is not hypothetical that it was only rescinded after it was criticized as disability-discriminatory by disability advocates, by the Ontario Human Rights Commission and, eventually, by the very Bioethics Table that initially designed it.

It is not hypothetical that the Government has not announced a new protocol, and that it has been very secretive about this issue. The Government has not answered any of our letters this fall raising such concerns. It is similarly not hypothetical that some people with disabilities are afraid to seek out the health care system, for fear that they could end up being the victims of triage.

In any event, even if it were hypothetical, this should not be a reason to consider this story inappropriate for The Current. The Current has covered issues that are, by your terms, clearly hypothetical. On December 10, 2020, your program aired an item entitled: “Trump Could Push Baseless Election Cheating Claims Well Past Inauguration, Says Journalist.” Of course, that was an important topic to cover. However, by your definition of “hypothetical”, that story should not have run until after inauguration, and until Trump actually repeats his baseless claims at that time.

This story is well-suited for your program’s format, with which I, as a listener, am well familiar. Your program does not inflexibly always require an initial interview with a victim before an important issue is addressed. This meaty issue can fill your typical program time allocation with a great deal still left unaddressed. Ontario’s flagship provincial public affairs program, “The Agenda with Steve Paikin” aired a 26 minute item on the issue (with no disability advocates) back on April 14, 2020 that ran for a full 26minutes https://www.tvo.org/video/deciding-who-lives-ethics-in-a-pandemic

There is much more to say about the subject now, more than 8 months later. As one example, look at the coverage that has just gone online from one local Mississauga online publication, https://thepointer.com/article/2021-01-08/already-in-crisis-mode-ontario-hospitals-have-no-protocol-for-who-gets-priority-treatment-human-rights-advocates-say

There are a number of people on different sides of this issue worth speaking to. We would be happy to assist your program in learning about those issues and seeking out people with whom to speak.

We regret that CBC news has, until now, not covered our issues that we have raised for months on this issue, despite numerous news releases, and tweets directed at CBC. As Canada’s public broadcaster, its failure to do so is troubling and puzzling.

We will continue to try to raise this with CBC news, but it remains a story that is extremely well-suited for The Current. Please let me know if you might reconsider, and if we can help.”

 5. January 18, 2021 Email from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky to CBC The Current’s Executive Producer Raj Ahluwalia

Dear Raj,

It is good that The Current today included a discussion of the COVID-19 critical care triage issue, as this is an immediate and important story. The item included a discussion with two doctors expressing their views and concerns on this issue.

Could your program now consider including a discussion of this issue from the perspective of people with disabilities? That would provide a much-needed balanced look at it, especially since we have identified and documented serious disability human rights concerns with Ontario’s brand new secret triage protocol (one which we have posted on line). It is vital that this issue not be seen or treated as some preserve of doctors and bioethicists. People with disabilities are disproportionately bearing the hardships of COVID-19 and its harshest impact. They are at risk of the cruel irony of facing discriminatory deprioritization if they need critical care, once triage begins.

Two years ago, CBC invited me to take part in a focus group on the future of The Current. At that meeting, I detailed how The Current does an excellent job of addressing a spectrum of important issues on the issue of diversity from the perspective of a number of equality-seeking groups, for which it should be strongly commended. However, it is far weaker at covering important disability issues.

For you to get a good sense of how this story merits the disability perspective, and not just the medical/bioethics perspective, please check out the panel on which I participated last Wednesday on The Agenda with Steve Paikin, available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkq1NmaXLwk&feature=youtu.be

I’d be happy to do whatever I can to assist your program.

Stay safe.

David Lepofsky CM, O. Ont

Chair Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance



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Ontario is Not Out of the Woods When It Comes to the Danger of Disability Discrimination in Critical Care Triage – AODA Alliance


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

Ontario is Not Out of the Woods When It Comes to the Danger of Disability Discrimination in Critical Care Triage

May 19, 2021

            SUMMARY

It is very good that new daily COVID-19 infection rates are dropping and that more and more people are getting vaccinated. This makes it less likely that Ontario must resort to critical care triage in the immediate future.

However, disability discrimination in critical care triage remains a critical issue (pun intended). We have learned that things can take a turn for the worse very rapidly. With new COVID-19 variants, there is a risk of a later fourth surge. As well, emergency and ambulance crews may well be engaging in critical care triage right now, with no public accountability for it.

We know that behind closed doors, Ontario hospitals have been training their staffs to make critical care triage decisions. They are using the disability-discriminatory January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol in that training. As such, disability discrimination is getting more and more embedded in our health care system, all publicly financed.

We will continue bringing these issues to the public’s and media’s attention. Here is the latest news on this issue.

 1. Urge Doctors, Nurses, Ambulance Crews and Hospital Administrators You Know to Watch the AODA Alliance’s Informative New Captioned Video on Disability Discrimination Problems with Ontario’s Critical care Triage Protocol

Do you know any doctors, nurses or others who work in hospital emergency rooms or intensive care units (ICUs)? Do you know any hospital administrators or people who work as part of ambulance crews?

Please encourage them all to watch the AODA Alliance’s new captioned video that explains the serious disability discrimination problems with Ontario’s critical care triage protocol. Those health care staff may have gotten some training on that protocol. We fear they are getting no training on the disability discrimination that permeates it.

We also recommend that you ask your family doctor to watch this video. If you end up in hospital, and if critical care triage is going on, you will want your doctor to help advocate for you in the face of the critical care triage protocol’s disability discrimination.

If you have not seen it, we invite you to also watch this video. This video is available for one and all at https://youtu.be/Ju8cyH7TbQo Hundreds have watched it in the two weeks since it was publicly posted. We’ve gotten very positive feedback about it. Please help us reach those on the front lines of Ontario’s health care system.. We believe that they won’t want to be engaging in any disability discrimination, and will wanted to be forewarned about it.

 2. Media Shines Much-Needed Spotlight on the Ford Government’s Relentless Secrecy over Its Critical Care Triage Plans

The Ford Government’s relentless secrecy still persists when it comes to its critical care triage protocol and plans. No doubt, senior Government officials think that the recent drop in new daily COVID infections and ICU occupancy means this whole issue may go away without them having to face public scrutiny for their disability discriminatory critical care triage plans. If so, we beg to differ.

Below we set out an excellent report in the May 6, 2021 edition of the online publication Press Progress. It reports on this protracted Government secrecy, and on criticism of it from the disability community and the Ontario Human Rights Commission.

This article reports on the fact that we and some others from the disability community have had a chance, months ago, to speak to the Ontario Government-appointed advisory Bioethics Table. We emphasize that that Table does not make any decisions in this area. It only gives advice. We don’t know what happens with that advice once the Bioethics Table gives it.

We don’t know what the Bioethics Table has advised the Government at any time after September 11, 2020. We don’t have any proof that the Bioethics Table ever reviewed and advised on the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol itself, or if it did, whether the Government accepted and implemented that advice. It is all shielded behind the Government-created fog of secrecy.

In this article, the argument is made that among other things, we need clarity on the Government’s critical care triage plans. We add that people with disabilities need much, much more than clarity about those plans. We have utter clarity that these plans are replete with disability discrimination. We need that disability discrimination removed.

In sharp contrast to Ontario’s paternalistic secrecy over its critical care triage protocol and plans, the media has reported that Alberta has made public its critical care triage protocol. We set out below an Edmonton Journal news report on this. We have not had an opportunity to review the Alberta critical care triage protocol and cannot comment on its contents.

 3. A Unique Chance to Read the Ford Government’s Talking Points For Defending Its Disability Discriminatory Critical Care Triage Protocol

The Ford Government’s strategy for several months has been to avoid saying anything about Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and plans wherever possible. When the media asks the Ford Government questions in this area, and if the Government responds at all, it typically deflects media questions to doctors. The doctor who seems to be very often the person to whom the Ford Government points, and who is in effect serving as the Government’s spokesperson, is Dr. James Downar. Dr. Downar has often been identified as the author or co-author of the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol. He is also a member of the Government-appointed advisory Bioethics Table.

Below we set out a statement which Dr. Downar has sent to a media outlet in response to a media inquiry. We offer these reflections on it:

  1. a) Dr. Downar’s response is similar to or the same as other quotations attributed to him that we have seen in other media reports. It reads like it is a set response.
  1. b) This statement reads like it could have been carefully written or vetted by someone within Ford Government. It has the flavour of a Government-drafted or Government-approved communications document.
  1. c) Dr. Downar’s statement is demonstrably inaccurate and misleading on important points. It is misleading where it talks about consultations being ongoing. We have repeatedly sought chances to get the Government to consult us on this issue. We have been very public about the fact that the Government has refused to do so.

This statement is also inaccurate and misleading where it seeks to claim that disability discrimination plays no part in the Ontario critical care triage protocol. Contrary to what this statement claims, the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol explicitly directs that a patient’s disability IS a factor that in some cases is to be weighed AGAINST their getting access to the life-saving critical care they need, if Ontario has more patients needing critical care than it has critical care beds and supports.

For example, if a cancer patient needs critical care, they will be deprioritized if a patient is “Completely disabled and cannot carry out any self-care; totally confined to bed or chair”. As another example, if a patient needing critical care is over 65 and has a progressive disease (like MS, arthritis or Parkinson’s), their access to critical care is reduced depending on how few of eleven activities of daily living they can perform without assistance. This includes dressing, bathing, eating, walking, getting in and out of bed, using the telephone, going shopping, preparing meals, doing housework, taking medication, or handling their finances. In both examples, this is disability discrimination, pure and simple.

This statement tries to defend Ontario’s critical care triage protocol by arguing that it does not make the Clinical Frailty Scale (which we have shown to be disability-discriminatory) because, among other things it does not apply that tool to assessing patients with a stable disability. As we have publicly emphasized, this is no defence. You cannot justify discriminating against some people with disabilities, e.g. those with progressive disabilities, by pleading that you don’t also discriminate against those with stable non-progressive disabilities. In the same way, you cannot defend discrimination against Muslims by pleading that you don’t also discriminate against Catholics.

It is deeply troubling that the Government’s defender keeps repeating these bogus arguments long after we have shown them to be so obviously incorrect. The Government has certainly not disavowed these statements that are made in its defence.

 4. The Call for the Ontario Government to Remove the Disability Discrimination from Its Critical Care Triage Protocol Has Come From the Trade Union Sector

Below we set out a recent public statement by the Canadian Union of Public Employees CUPE Ontario echoing our concerns about Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and plans. We welcome support from any and all parts of our society.

 5. Delay and Delay and Delay

There have now been 839 days, or over 2 and a third years, since the Ford Government received the ground-breaking final report of the Independent Review of the implementation of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act by former Ontario Lieutenant Governor David Onley. The Government has announced no effective plan of new action to implement that report. That makes even worse the serious problems facing Ontarians with disabilities during the COVID-19 crisis. The Ontario Government only has 1,323 days left until 2025, the deadline by which the Government must have led Ontario to become fully accessible to people with disabilities.

            MORE DETAILS

 Press Progress May 6, 2021

Originally posted at https://pressprogress.ca/disability-groups-say-ontario-government-did-not-consult-them-on-life-and-death-covid-19-triage-decisions/

Disability Groups Say Ontario Government Did Not Consult Them on Life and Death COVID-19 ‘Triage’ Decisions

Ontario Human Rights Commission Chief Commissioner says vulnerable groups deserve certainty on ’life and death triage decisions’

by PressProgress

May 6, 2021

Ontario Health Minister Christine Elliott promised to involve disability advocates in the drafting of possible “triage protocols” to decide who may be health denied care should hospitals be overwhelmed.

But the province’s major disability advocacy groups say they haven’t been consulted by the Ministry on the current drafts. They worry those drafts could be discriminatory and that they could be implemented on short notice.

According to The Globe and Mail, hospitals across Toronto were practicing triage protocols to reserve Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds for those most likely to survive, through last week.

Draft triage protocols, which were sent to hospitals on January 13, have not been finalized according to Ontario’s Health Minister. But the drafts’ emphasis on testing patients’ abilities to live “without assistance” — to weigh whether care should be allocated — has many advocates for people with disabilities worried.

On April 21, Ontario Health Minister Christine Elliott told the legislative assembly:

“I asked that this issue be dealt with—with the people with disabilities groups as well as with the Ontario Human Rights Commission. There have been numerous discussions, but nothing has been activated yet, and I can assure you that nothing has been approved at this point.”

Lawyer and AODA alliance chair David Lepofsky says the January 13 draft protocols discriminate against certain disabled people by ranking patients based on their ability to conduct Instrumental Activities Of Daily Living.

“For a person with cancer they look explicitly at whether a person is disabled and can’t get out of bed or less,” Lepofsky told PressProgress. “If it’s a person over 65 with a progressive disease it asks if they can do 11 Activities of Daily Living — getting up, shopping, eating, using the phone, doing your finances — without assistance. If not, you rank lower.”

“That’s disability.”

Yet, Lepofsky said he hasn’t been able to discuss the organization’s concerns with the minister or ministry representatives. “The only consulting that’s gone on at all is a body external to the government called the Bioethics Table. Our consultations with them were last summer — ending August 31 — and then one meeting virtually on December 17. Many of us said we needed more time and needed to prepare.”

Since the draft was leaked, on January 13, Lepofsky said the group has received no further contact.

Ontario Human Rights Commission Chief Commissioner Ena Chadha told PressProgress the OHRC has been telling the government for over a year it needs to consult with concerned advocates for people with disabilities on any triage protocol. Chadha said that wasn’t done.

While an advisory body, the Bioethics Table, consulted some affected groups ahead of the January 13 drafts, since December 2020, Chadha said no other notable consultations appear to have followed. “Since then human rights experts, and vulnerable groups disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, including people with disabilities, older persons, Indigenous peoples and racialized communities, have not been consulted on these latest protocols.”

“They have a right to clarity and certainty on how life and death triage decisions would affect them. Health care practitioners who would be compelled to make these difficult decisions deserve the same clarity and certainty,” Chadha said.

“Human rights groups are concerned that, despite the Minister’s expressed comments, the reality on the ground will be that the Emergency Standard of Care document circulated to hospitals in January will be used anyway out of necessity.”

On April 28, the Ontario Medical Association hosted a panel featuring Peel Region Medical Officer Lawrence Loh and OMA head Samantha Hill titled Making Difficult Decisions During the Pandemic. Included on the agenda was “Who should be ventilated if resources are limited?”

A spokesperson for the OMA confirmed the discussion was “focusing on existing guidelines” as per the January 13 proposals from Critical Care Services.

“We were sent notice that the triage protocol could be initiated within days,” a doctor at Markham Stouffville hospital told PressProgress. “They’ve been talking about this for sometime. I can’t believe I and my colleagues will be asked to make life and death decisions for people.”

Further, an early May memo obtained by the Globe from Ontario’s “critical care command centre”signalled the health system had plans to utilize the existing drafts. The memo noted, cautiously, that recent increases in capacity may mean “we will not need to activate the Emergency Standard of Care or recommend the use of the triage protocol.”

Community Living CEO Chris Beesley said his organization has been frustrated by a lack of communication from Ontario’s Ministry of Health.

“Since last Spring, we’ve been working with a coalition of disability focused organizations, to try and get some transparency on the triage protocol,” Beesley told PressProgress.

However, Beesley said, “Neither Minister Elliott nor anyone from her staff had communicated with us since last July.”

Arch Disability Law Centre lawyer Mariam Shanouda also told PressProgress “We have never been consulted by the Ministry of Health.”

“We have met several times now with the Bioethics Table which is a Table that was struck by the Ministry to advise them on the Triage Protocol. The last time we were invited to meet with the Bioethics Table was in December 2020, which is especially concerning since the latest version of the Triage Protocol is dated January 13, 2021,” Shanouda said. The organization said it has not been consulted since.

Six members of Ontario’s Bioethics Table additionally warned April 15 that “without public discussion, the vulnerability of already marginalized groups is intensified and trust eroded.”

PressProgress contacted Critical Care Services to respond to concerns advocates had that the consultations were insufficient and the draft it sent out could be discriminatory. CCSO referred PressProgress to Bioethics table member Dr. James Downar, who, CBC News reports, wrote the January 13 drafts.

Dr. Downar told PressProgress:

“The Emergency Standard of Care is a contingency plan to be used as an option of last resort. It was based on recommendations that were developed by the Ontario COVID-19 Bioethics table, which conducted extensive consultations with multiple stakeholders including disability advocates and the Ontario Human Rights Commission. The consultations are continuing, and the process of generating, reviewing and updating any triage plan should always be an ongoing process, responding to changing conditions, emerging evidence and an evolving understanding of the ethical, social and legal implications.”

Ontario’s Ministry of Health did not respond to requests for comment from PressProgress.

On April 27, the Ministry called for special medical assistance from Canada’s armed forces as hospitals face a surge in COVID-19 ICU patients.”

PressProgress

PressProgress is an award-winning non-profit news organization focused on uncovering and unpacking the news through original investigative and explanatory journalism.

@pressprogress

PressProgress is a news division of the Broadbent Institute

 Written Statement in April 2021 to News Outlet by Dr. James Downar in Response to Media Inquiry Regarding Critical Care Triage Protocol

  1. Critical care triage has not yet been initiated anywhere in Ontario. The focus of the critical care community is on building capacity to see us through this surge.
  2. The Emergency Standard of Care is a contingency plan to be used as an option of last resort. It was based on recommendations that were developed by the Ontario COVID-19 Bioethics table, which conducted extensive consultations with multiple stakeholders including disability advocates and the Ontario Human Rights Commission. The consultations are continuing, and the process of generating, reviewing and updating any triage plan should always be an ongoing process, responding to changing conditions, emerging evidence and an evolving understanding of the ethical, social and legal implications.
  3. The only criterion used to prioritize critical care would be short-term mortality risk. This is always based on an individualized assessment, and clinical guidance is provided to help assess risk in people depending on their medical condition. But assessment tools should only be used in situations where they help indicate mortality risk, and with respect to disabilities, there are clear and explicit instructions not to use the Clinical Frailty Scale for people under the age of 65, or for anyone with chronic, stable disabilities or other conditions where it would not indicate mortality risk. For other conditions, mortality risk can be determined without any assessment of function. In other words, people with identical disabilities would be prioritized very differently if their mortality risks were different, and people with no disabilities at all receive a lower priority if their mortality risk is high. The focus is squarely on mortality risk, not ability or function. This is very important.”

 Edmonton Journal April 30, 2021

Originally posted at https://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/ahs-releases-triage-protocol-outlining-which-patients-would-receive-care-if-icus-become-overwhelmed-by-covid-19

AHS releases triage protocol outlining which patients would receive care if ICUs become overwhelmed by COVID-19

Author of the article: Anna Junker

The Royal Alexandra Hospital is pictured in Edmonton. The hospital’s ICU unit has seen COVID-19 surges during the pandemic. PHOTO BY SHAUGHN BUTTS /Postmedia, file

Alberta Health Services has released a triage plan for determining who will receive critical care in the event that COVID-19 patients outnumber available ICU beds in the province.

The 50-page Critical Care Triage plan, unveiled Friday, would not be activated until the health authority has exhausted all other options, such as transferring patients, health-care staff, equipment and medication between different hospitals in the same health zone or across the province. It would be implemented based on direction from the AHS CEO, in consultation with the executive leadership team.

“When activated the triage protocol will be utilized in all health-care facilities and critical care units in Alberta to prioritize patients who have the greatest likelihood of overall survival,” the report states.

The plan lays out four “pandemic or disaster” stages, which would determine whether triaging is necessary.

In a “minor surge,” the number of patients requiring critical care would exceed resources. As a result, staff may be pulled from other critical care units to help with care and patients may be moved into recovery rooms.

A “moderate surge” would see staff brought in from other areas of hospitals and patients moved to recovery rooms or subspecialty ICUs. Transfers for patients in emergency departments would be delayed.

Triaging may be required in a “major surge,” which would occur when 90 per cent or more of available ICU beds in the province are occupied. The first phase of triaging would only allow patients who are predicted to have more than 20 per cent likelihood of surviving one year to enter the ICU.

A “large-scale surge” would see 95 per cent or more of available ICUs in the province occupied and could see the second phase of triaging activated. Under that scenario, those with a 50 per cent chance of surviving one year would be admitted to the ICU. Pediatric triaging will be considered.

“Information about a patient’s underlying illness, disease, or disability will not be taken into consideration unless they directly impact a patient’s likelihood of surviving the next year,” the report states.

Decisions for critical care eligibility will not include a person’s age, sex, socioeconomic status, race, disability, employment status, or the cost of future care. Once a decision has been made on who gets care, it cannot be appealed by the patient or family.

Alberta has the capacity to fully staff 425 ICU beds for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. As of Friday, there are 152 COVID-19 patients in the ICU – the highest since the beginning of the pandemic.

Kerry Williamson, spokesman for AHS, said in a statement the Edmonton Zone currently has 102 ICU beds open — a base of 72 general adult beds and an additional 30 spaces.

This week, the Edmonton Zone was between 86 and 88 per cent capacity for all ICU beds.

‘I just can’t imagine’

Dr. Noel Gibney, co-chair of the Strategic COVID-19 Pandemic Committee for the Edmonton Zone, said the triage plan is well-developed, but it is not a situation to ever want to be in.

“I just can’t imagine, explaining to the patients or their families why these individuals are not going to get the care that they need,” Gibney said. “I can’t imagine doing that day after day after day, or multiple times in the day. I mean that the moral distress associated with that would be extreme.”

He said the postponement of surgeries and release of the triage protocol suggests AHS is extremely worried about a “disaster-type situation.”

Gibney said the public health restrictions that are currently in place are “absolutely not” enough, and warned that the protocol could need to be activated this month.

“I get the sense that the government has some notion that they may be able to just vaccinate the province out of trouble this time. But we’re not going to do that,” Gibney said.

“We’re in a situation where modelling shows that in about three weeks, so that by May 22, we will be at a point where we may reach Phase 1 of the pandemic triage protocol.”

He said the province needs to implement a strict lockdown and use the same health measures that were in place last April – moving all schooling online, limiting retail to essential-only, closing non health-related personal services like hair and nail salons, severely limiting or close places of worship, and closing patios.

Adequate sick pay also needs to be implemented, he said.

“Some of the components of what the government has been doing with targeted vaccinations, I think that’s great, but it simply isn’t going to be enough in time to get us out of that danger that we’re in,” Gibney said.

[email protected]

Twitter.com/JunkerAnna

 Financial Post May 12, 2021

f

Originally posted at https://financialpost.com/pmn/press-releases-pmn/business-wire-news-releases-pmn/theres-no-room-for-discrimination-against-people-with-disabilities-cupe-ontario-and-joel-harden-call-for-consultation-and-revision-of-triage-protocol

Press Releases Business Wire News Releases

“There’s No Room for Discrimination Against People With Disabilities”: CUPE Ontario and Joel Harden Call for Consultation and Revision of Triage Protocol

Author of the article: Business Wire

Business Wire

Publishing date: May 12, 2021 • 23 hours ago • 2 minute read • Join the conversation

TORONTO — The Ontario Government’s draft plan to ration access to at-capacity critical-care is discriminatory and must be revised immediately, said the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) Ontario and Joel Harden, NDP MPP for Ottawa Centre and the Critic for Accessibility & Persons with Disabilities.

“The fact that the draft plan says that doctors will look at your short-term mortality risk or your capacity for self-care to decide if you get access to limited intensive care units is nothing more than blatant discrimination against people with disabilities,” said Fred Hahn, President of CUPE Ontario. “This dangerously violates the foundational rights of Ontarians our members care for and the rights of many of our members themselves.”

While Health Minister Christine Elliott recently said that Ontario may not need to resort to rationing, due to reduced demand for ICUs, concerns raised by CUPE Ontario, the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC), disability organizations, and the six bioethicists on the government’s advisory Bioethics Table remain.

“I’m not reassured by that at all,” said Michele Gardner, member of CUPE Ontario’s Workers with Disabilities Committee. “This discriminatory triage protocol can still be used at any time. It makes it clear that people with disabilities are at risk of not getting the critical-care they need because of explicitly biased criteria.”

“The protocol must be revised to remove any discrimination and we must be consulted moving forward,” added Gardner. “The OHRC has raised the problem of lack of consultation, and so have the six members of the bioethics table, who rightly said that without it this government is only intensifying the vulnerability of people with disabilities.”

“More than a year has passed since over 200 community organizations wrote to the Ford government urging it to remove disability discrimination from its triage protocol. The response so far has been silence,” said Harden. “It’s time to stop the secrecy surrounding critical care triage and for the Ford government to remove disability discrimination from its protocol.”

Contacts

Daniel Tseghay

Communications Representative, CUPE

[email protected]





Source link

New Toronto Star Guest Column Blasts the Ford Government’s Critical Care Triage Plans and the Government’s Harmful Secrecy Surrounding Those Plans


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

New Toronto Star Guest Column Blasts the Ford Government’s Critical Care Triage Plans and the Government’s Harmful Secrecy Surrounding Those Plans

May 7, 2021

            SUMMARY

Below is an important guest column that ran in the May 7, 2021 Toronto Star in the print newspaper and online, by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky. It summarizes the serious problems with Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and plans. Even if the crisis in Ontario hospitals seems to be levelling off for the moment, it is still very important that the Ford Government address these issues which people with disabilities have been raising for over a year.

We encourage you to:

  1. Write a letter to the editor at the Toronto Star with your comments on this guest column. Email the Star at: [email protected]

Encourage the Star to give this topic as much attention as possible.

  1. Forward this guest column to your member of the Ontario Legislature with your comments.
  1. Share this guest column on social media like Facebook and Twitter. Encourage others to read it and to share it with others. The link to post that takes people right to the Toronto Star guest column is https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2021/05/07/ontarios-triage-protocol-unlawfully-discriminates-against-people-with-disabilities.html
  1. Send this guest column to your local media and to any reporters you know. Encourage them to cover this disability issue, which touches the lives of so many Ontarians. Phone in to call-in radio programs to raise this issue. Tell them how you feel about the danger of disability discrimination in Ontario’s critical care triage protocol.

For more background, check out and widely share:

  1. The new captioned online video by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky that explains the entire critical care triage protocol issue from a disability perspective, for those who don’t know the ins and outs.
  1. The AODA Alliance’s February 25, 2021 report that details serious problems with the Ontario critical care triage protocol.
  1. The AODA Alliance website’s health care page.

Toronto Star May 7, 2021

Originally posted at: https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2021/05/07/ontarios-triage-protocol-unlawfully-discriminates-against-people-with-disabilities.html

Editorial

Triage protocol unlawfully discriminates against disabilities

David Lepofsky Contributor

People with disabilities are disproportionately prone to get COVID-19, to suffer its worst effects and to die from it. Cruelly compounding this, Ontario’s protocol for triage of critical care would explicitly discriminate against some patients with disabilities who need life-saving critical care. People with disabilities deserve better.

If overloaded ICUs can’t accommodate all patients, rationing or “triage” means some patients will die because doctors will deny them needed critical care. We need a lawful protocol to govern such decisions. Ontario’s protocol isn’t lawful in part because of its disability discrimination.

For example, Ontario’s protocol would rank a cancer patient lower depending on their disability’s severity. That’s blatant disability discrimination. As well, patients over 65 with progressive diseases (e.g., MS, arthritis or Parkinson’s) are ranked lower for each of these activities they can’t do independently: get out of bed, eat, shop, use the phone or do finances.

Ontario’s protocol treats you like a blob on a gurney with no due process and no say. Two doctors rank you and give you the bad news.

With your life at stake, you cannot get the decision reviewed, even on a lightning-fast basis.

No wonder the Ontario Human Rights Commission, disability organizations and six bioethicists on Premier Ford’s advisory Bioethics Table all voiced serious objections. Ford’s approach is dangerously wrong. The protocol was developed and sent to hospitals in secret, with no public consultation by the government’s decision-makers. It isn’t on the government website. (We posted a leaked copy on www.aodaalliance.org.)

Some doctors and others are calling the shots in government back rooms. That is unfair to the public, people with disabilities and triage doctors.

Doctors use this protocol at their peril. Premier Ford is tap-dancing in a constitutional minefield. It’s wrong to direct doctors on who lives or dies by memo. Even worse, Ford may try to suspend the requirement that a patient must consent before needed care is discontinued.

Those defending the protocol argue it doesn’t discriminate because it says a patient’s stable disability, like autism, mustn’t be held against them. Yet the protocol discriminates against others based on progressive disabilities.

Government must remove disability discrimination from Ontario’s critical care triage protocol. It must afford due process to patients whose lives are in jeopardy. Instead of hiding and ducking questions, the premier should hold an open debate and pass legislation governing this, with public input.

The government must commit that if critical care triage occurs, it will daily report the number of people who are refused needed critical care due to triage. If Ford sombrely announces that the pandemic emergency requires critical care triage, remember he’s secretly planned for this possibility for over a year.

David Lepofsky is chair of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance.



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New Captioned Video Tells the Whole Disability Discrimination Story in Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Plan – and – More Media Reports Reveal More Cause for Worry


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

New Captioned Video Tells the Whole Disability Discrimination Story in Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Plan – and – More Media Reports Reveal More Cause for Worry

May 6, 2021

            SUMMARY

Here are six more important developments in our campaign to protect people with disabilities from disability discrimination in Ontario’s critical care triage protocol.

 1. New Captioned Video — Learn About the Disability Issues in Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Protocol

Day after day, you are getting so much information from us and others about the critical care triage issue for people with disabilities. That includes all the new information we report in this AODA Alliance Update.

Are you eager for a video that will explain what this is all about, from beginning to end? Check out the new captioned video by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky where the whole story is explained. The video brings you up to date as of now. It explains the disability objections to the Ontario critical care triage, the troubling way the Ontario Government his dealing with this issue, and the bogus defences that the Government’s defenders have been giving the media, in their attempt to justify what the Government is doing.

We invite you to watch the video and share it with others. If you are teaching a course where this might be helpful, feel free to use this video. It is available at https://youtu.be/Ju8cyH7TbQo

Let us know what you think. Email your feedback to us at [email protected]

 2. Where is the Public Accountability for Critical Care Triage Now Being Conducted by Ambulance Crews?

We have been warning for months about the danger of “trickle down triage”. For example, an ambulance crew, called to a medical emergency at your home, could decide whether or not to give a patient life-saving care, before they even get to hospital. We expect ambulance crews to do all they can to save lives, and not to decide whether or not to even try to save a life.

The Ford Government has refused to answer questions about this, whether from the AODA Alliance in writing or from the opposition in Question Period in the Legislature. In a very upsetting article in the April 28, 2021 Toronto Sun, set out below, it is evident that this triage is already going on.

This is a life and death issue. The public should daily be told how many lives are lost due to any form of triage, including this roadside triage. The Ford Government should now make public any directions to ambulance and emergency crews on this kind of triage. Protections need to be put in place to avert the danger of disability discrimination. We know that there is clear disability discrimination in the directions already sent to Ontario doctors, should they have to triage critical care services. There is no reason to be confident that there is no such danger if triage is done by ambulance crews before even reaching a hospital.

 3. Who Exactly Will Live and Who Will Die if There is Critical care Triage in Hospitals? Behind Closed Doors, Practice Drills Have Been Going on For Months with No Public Accountability

The April 27, 2021 report by Global News, set out below, confirms that hospitals have been training for months on how to conduct critical care triage, in case it becomes necessary. This is all happening behind closed doors. We have no idea who ends up living and who ends up dying, according to these practice drills or simulations. We have no idea how differently the same case is decided from one hospital to the next, or from one doctor to the next. We have no word that anyone with human rights expertise is part of this, to alert doctors when they are running afoul of the Charter of Rights and the Ontario Human Rights Code. We have no idea if the Ford Government is monitoring any of this, to find out where its disability discriminatory Ontario critical care triage protocol needs to be fixed.

 4. Pulling Back the Curtain on A Troubling and Misleading Media Strategy Now In Place, Seemingly Led by Those Behind Ontario’s Disability-Discriminatory Critical Care Triage Protocol

Those who are behind the creation and implementation of Ontario’s disability-discriminatory critical care triage protocol appear now to be conducting some sort of media public relations strategy to get out their version of this controversial issue. This appears to be underway to manage public expectations about critical care triage and to respond to some bad press that The Government has gotten on this issue. In the January 23, 2021 online webinar for doctors on the critical care triage protocol, those evidently at the centre of this indicated that they were planning such a communications strategy, to be later rolled out close to the time that critical care triage may become necessary.

Among the key people quoted in these stories include Dr. James Downar, co-author of the disability-discriminatory Ontario critical care triage protocol, and Dr. David Neilipovitz, a lead at the Ford Government’s secretive Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre. We have asked the Ford Government who are the members of that command centre, and what its mandate includes. As with all our other inquiries, the Ford Government has refused to answer.

Part of this communication strategy seems to be the repetition of bogus arguments to defend the critical care triage protocols disability discrimination. In the April 20, 2021 AODA Alliance Update, we listed some of those bogus arguments.

In the April 26, 2021 Metroland report set out below, yet another bogus defence is offered, as follows, quoting Dr. Downar:

“Regarding disability concerns, he added that the protocol will also ensure patients are being compared across different conditions the same way.

“There’s cancer guidance that applies only to people with cancer, heart failure guidance that only applies to people with heart failure, the frailty scale is only applied to people with frailty,” he explained. “It’s not applied to everybody who has a disability.””

As in other contexts which we document in the April 20, 2021 AODA Alliance Update, this absurd argument presupposes that disability discrimination only exists if you discriminate against all people with disabilities at the same time. By that bankrupt approach, Nazi Germany’s viciously anti-Semitic Nuremberg laws did not discriminate because of religion. That is because they only applied to Jews and equally applied to all Jews. It would similarly justify separate schools for black children, as was the case in the US for decades, under the widely denounced 1896 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson.

The Supreme Court of Canada wisely rejected such an impoverished approach to equality decades ago, in Andrews v. Law Society of BC, where the Court stated:

“The test as stated, however, is seriously deficient in that it excludes any consideration of the nature of the law. If it were to be applied literally, it could be used to justify the Nuremberg laws of Adolf Hitler. Similar treatment was contemplated for all Jews. The similarly situated test would have justified the formalistic separate but equal doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 637 (1896), …”

We encourage the Ford Government to get their human rights legal advice from the Ontario Human Rights Commission and human rights experts, and not from physicians.

Another bogus and misleading part of this communication strategy is to try to misleadingly water down what critical care triage is. If a patient is refused critical care triage, they are bound to die. Yet part of the communication strategy on which we pull back the curtain is to claim that no one will be refused care. The April 26, 2021 Metroland article, set out below, includes this:

“What would triaging look like in Ontario?

“It’s really important to note that with emergency standards of care, no patient is not going to get care,” said Dr. Randy Wax, a critical care doctor who is also a lead at the Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre.”

Let’s decode this. If you are refused critical care you need, you won’t be kicked right out of the hospital. You will be offered some lesser form of care, like palliative care. However, that is not the care you need to have any hope o of surviving.

This would be like someone who gets a gunshot wound who is told that they can’t have surgery they need to survive, and then being told: “But we are not refusing you care. Here’s an aspirin.”

Later in this Update, a May 5, 2021 article from CBC news online includes some of the same dubious defences. It gives no attention to voices from the disability community. This appears to be another story that could well be part of the communication strategy being conducted on behalf of the Ford Government’s Critical Care COVID Command Centre, to manage public expectations.

 5. Due to Protracted and Harmful Government Secrecy, Media Must Continue to Rely on Leaks to Report on Ontario’s Critical Care Triage situation

In a May 4, 2021 news report set out below, The Globe and Mail reported that Ontario’s ICU overload may be levelling off. This could avoid the need for The Government to green light rationing or triage of critical care, even though, as noted above, this appears to be going on already in our health care system in one form or another.

It is worrisome that the Globe and Mail report is based on a leaked internal memo. Those making these decisions are still cloistered behind closed doors.

That leak could have come from an aggrieved doctor working in the system. On the other hand, it could well have come from an official at the Ministry of Health, the Premier’s office or Ontario Health. They are taking heat for the critical care triage issue. Such a leak would help deflect some of that pressure. It could lead some reporters to think (wrongly, if so) that there is no longer a story here to cover, when it comes to disability discrimination in critical care triage. However, Ontario is certainly not out of the woods by any means.

 6. Disability Accessibility, the Ford Government and the Big Picture

The Ford Government’s delays on disability accessibility just carry on. There have now been 826 days, or over 2 and a quarter years, since the Ford Government received the ground-breaking final report of the Independent Review of the implementation of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act by former Ontario Lieutenant Governor David Onley. The Government has announced no effective plan of new action to implement that report. That makes even worse the serious problems facing Ontarians with disabilities during the COVID-19 crisis. The Ontario Government only has 1,336 days left until 2025, the deadline by which the Government must have led Ontario to become fully accessible to people with disabilities.

            MORE DETAILS

 Toronto Sun April 28, 2021

Originally posted at https://torontosun.com/news/local-news/to-live-or-die-waves-of-covid-reality-hit-torontos-paramedics

TO LIVE OR DIE: Waves of COVID reality hit Toronto’s paramedics

Struggling to keep up with Toronto’s third wave, city paramedics say they’re having to ‘triage’ cardiac arrest patients

Author of the article: Bryan Passifiume

Paramedics wheel a patient into the emergency department at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Wednesday, Jan. 13, 2021. PHOTO BY COLE BURSTON /The Canadian Press

As soon as the call clears, another one’s loaded and ready.

And these days, it’ll most likely be another COVID patient.

That’s the reality for Toronto’s paramedics, who say nobody among their ranks thought COVID-19’s third wave would be this bad.

“You just don’t believe the news, the news says hospitals are overwhelmed, but are they?” said a veteran Toronto advanced-care paramedic, whom the Toronto Sun agreed not to identify.

“From the horse’s mouth: we’re seeing it — that’s something we’re all now realizing.”

While Toronto’s professional lifesavers have indeed been busy this past year, he told the Sun things really started to get bad earlier this month.

In fact, he remembers the exact call.

“Honestly, it was three weeks ago,” he said, describing the short-of-breath 30-something male he and his partner were dispatched to assist.

“This guy had a fever and couldn’t get up, and we’re like, ‘Oh, damn,’” he recalled.

“He had a room-air sat of 50%.”

Patients with blood-oxygen levels that low are almost always unconscious. In fact, anything below 90% is cause for concern.

Called “silent hypoxia,” it’s one of this pandemic’s biggest medical mysteries: how patients with such dangerously low oxygen levels show little outward evidence of their dire condition.

“They don’t even look tired,” he said.

“Then you check them and realize … ‘Dude, really?! You don’t feel this?! We need to go to the hospital.’”

It’s this deceptive pathology that makes COVID such a challenge.

“It causes moments where the patient looks OK, but they’re actually really, really bad,” he said, adding those patients often crash quickly and catastrophically.

What sticks out the most are the ages — and a lack of comorbidities — of those going into the back of his ambulance.

“Waves one and two were elderly people,” he said.

“Now we’re averaging late 40s.”

What irks him and his co-workers most are those who dismiss COVID as a bad flu.

“Influenza doesn’t make your O2 (oxygen) saturation drop below your age,” he said.

“We’re seeing patients with oxygen levels not seen without opioids in play, and neither Narcan nor oxygen are going to fix it.”

Emergency rooms and ICUs are full, he said — with many receiving care in the ER normally seen in intensive care.

“That’s what overcapacity means,” he said.

“It means that there’s people in emerge receiving ICU treatment — and that’s not the place for it.”

A paramedic transports a patient to Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, April 17, 2020.

City Council orders check-up on Toronto paramedics

Erik Sande is the president of Medavie Health Services.

SANDE: Paramedics answer the call — across Ontario’s health system

A Region of Durham Paramedic Services ambulance.

Gravely-ill patients more likely to be pronounced dead at scene

As city hospitals steel themselves for worst-case triage protocols, paramedics say it’s a reality they’re already experiencing.

Overrun emergency rooms and intensive-care units put paramedics in the position — as well as the base physic

ians overseeing them — of having to pronounce gravely ill patients, particularly in cases of cardiac arrest, deceased on scene rather than going through the usually hopeless motions of seeking hospital treatment.

“I haven’t actively run a cardiac arrest in the past five I’ve done,” said the Toronto advanced-care paramedic.

“We just said to the family, ‘Do you want anything done?’”

Cardiac arrest, particularly in older patients, is a dire medical emergency with less than 10% survival rates, according to the Heart and Stroke Foundation.

The COVID emergency, the paramedic said, means they’re more likely to pronounce such patients dead over pursuing lifesaving efforts that only serve to prolong the inevitable.

Except in cases of obvious and catastrophic trauma, paramedics seek guidance on pronouncing death from physicians over the phone.

“I got a pronouncement in 20 seconds the other day,” the paramedic said.

The alternative, he said, is often worse.

“If you get them back, where are they going to go, into the ICU to live for a day on a vent and die?” he said.

“The family’s able to see them now, be with them — there’s no closure bringing (the patient) to the hospital where, oh by the way, they can’t come.”

This leads to paramedics forced into end-of-life discussions with grieving family members.

“You know who does those? Doctors. Doctors have those conversations,” he said.

“Now, it’s us.”

Experts, including outspoken critical care physician Dr. Michael Warner, are warning Toronto’s hospitals are just days away from ICU triage, where decisions are made on who is and isn’t entitled to lifesaving care.

“The way Dr. Warner’s talking about how we don’t want to have to triage ICU patients, we are now triaging cardiac arrest patients,” the paramedic said. “If bringing this person back or giving them hope means only living for one more day on a ventilator … man, no. Let them go.”

Families forced to make this decision, he said, are almost always grateful.

“They say ‘Thank you for not working on them, thank you for letting them pass as peacefully as possible,” he said.

“Then you walk out, do your paperwork, grab a coffee, then go on to the next one.”

[email protected]

On Twitter: @bryanpassifiume

 Global News April 27, 2021

Originally posted at https://fm96.com/news/7812658/covid-ontario-icu-emergency-triage/

Pushing Ontario’s ICUs to the brink: How some hospitals are preparing for the worst FM96 London

Rachael D’Amore GlobalNews.ca

More than a year into the COVID-19 pandemic, Ontario doctors and nurses may have more experience treating the disease but are increasingly staring life-or-death decisions in the face.

The spike in cases has strained intensive care capacity across the province. There are about 875 COVID-19 patients in Ontario hospital ICUs as of Tuesday — an all-time high — and 589 people in intensive care units (ICUs) on a ventilator. With staffing shortages — particularly the lack of ICU-trained nurses — and beds rapidly filling up, discussions about the possible need to triage life-saving care are mounting.

A “critical care triage protocol,” something that was not done during earlier waves of the virus, could be enacted, meaning health-care providers may have to decide who gets potentially life-saving care and who doesn’t.

“If you’ve ever participated in a fire drill, you understand what we’re talking about here,” said Dr. James Downar, a palliative and critical care physician in Ottawa who co-wrote Ontario’s ICU protocol.

“The purpose of training is to be prepared because if a crisis arrives and you run out of your resources and you don’t have a plan and you’re not prepared to institute your plan, things will get very, very bad.”

Ontario hospitals received a document in January laying out guidelines on how to deal with critical care triage. In other words, what to do if there aren’t enough ICU beds.

Under those guidelines, patients are essentially ranked on their likelihood to survive one year after the onset of a critical illness. The process came under criticism from human rights advocates, saying it is discriminatory, particularly toward people with disabilities and seniors.

At this point, the province has not finalized the protocol nor has it officially been published, but a widely circulating draft titled “Adult Critical Care Clinical Emergency Standard of Care for Major Surge” – said patients could be scored by doctors on a “short-term mortality risk assessment.”

The aim would be to “prioritize those patients who are most likely to survive their critical illness,” the document reads.

“Patients who have a high likelihood of dying within twelve months from the onset of their episode of critical illness (based on an evaluation of their clinical presentation at the point of triage) would have a lower priority for critical care resources,” it said.

The lists three levels of critical care triage:

  • Level 1 triage deprioritizes critical care resources for patients with a predicted mortality greater than 80 per cent.
  • Level 2 triage deprioritizes critical care resources for patients with a predicted mortality greater than 50 per cent.
  • At Level 3 triage, patients with predicted mortality of 30 per cent — or a 70 per cent chance of surviving beyond a year — will not receive critical care.

At this level, clinicians may abandon the short-term mortality predictions in favour of randomization, which the document noted is to be used “as a last resort” and should be conducted by an administrator, not by bedside clinicians.

The leaked document was prepared by the province’s critical care COVID-19 command centre, which would ultimately declare when to use it.

Hundreds of COVID-19 ICU patient transfers planned as Ontario braces for ‘horrific’ 2 weeks

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario told doctors on April 8 that the province was considering “enacting the critical care triage protocol,” and that it would support such a tool once it is “initiated by the command tables of the province” and “even when doing so requires departing from our policy expectations.”

Downar emphasized that the protocol has not been instituted, echoing Ontario Health Minister Christine Elliott who on April 7 said “there are some emergency protocols out there” but they “have not finalized any of that yet.”

“None of us want to be in this position, none of us want to be doing this,” said Downar. “We are prepared for it if it comes to that, but we are focused on not letting it come to that.”

While a standard provincial protocol has not been formally established, some Ontario hospitals have been preparing anyway.

The University Health Network (UHN), which includes Toronto General, Toronto Western and Princess Margaret hospitals, have started virtual training sessions for staff on what to do if the virus’ growth gets the better of all other efforts to expand and accommodate the ICU system.

Dr. Niall Ferguson, the head of critical care at UHN, said while preparations for worst-case scenarios are happening, it doesn’t necessarily mean they’ll be enacted.

“We’re not expecting to be implementing them anytime in the near future… I think the likelihood is probably low,” he told Global News.

“COVID is more like a controlled train crash as opposed to an actual train crash where you’ve got a thousand critically ill people all on the same day — then triage is inevitable. When you’re getting a thousand critical care patients over the course of weeks, which we are here, then there is an opportunity to adapt the system and grow capacity and do things differently.”

Ontario’s latest modelling predictions cast doubt on short-term improvements. Even as cases slow or plateau, hospitalizations and ICU numbers are so-called “lagging indicators” of the severity of the virus in a certain jurisdiction. The provincial data predicts a peak of at least 1,500 virus cases in ICUs by the first week of May — that’s next week — and it could be higher, pushing Ontario’s total 2,000-ICU-bed capacity over the edge.

Downar said some training around emergency care standards has been “going on for months.”

He said avoiding the worst-case scenario depends on a lot of things and is not as simple as “staring at the number of COVID cases.”

“It’s tough. Everybody wants to know a number and everybody wants to know where that line is, but it’s just not something that is easily put into numbers at the moment.”

What’s unfolded over the past few weeks exemplifies just how bad it’s gotten — but also how the system has been forced to adapt, as Ferguson said. Hundreds of patients from already over-capacity hospitals in the Greater Toronto Area are being transferred to other hospitals hours away. The province has directed hospitals to “ramp down” all elective and non-emergency surgeries to help alleviate pressure on the health-care system.

“Transfers are not completely benign. There is a risk when we transfer people from one place to another,” Downar said. “It’s important for everybody to recognize that there already consequences to what we’ve been doing.”

 Metroland DurhamRegion.com April 26, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.durhamregion.com/news-story/10381003-what-would-triaging-patients-look-like-in-ontario-s-hospitals-if-invoked-/

What would triaging patients look like in Ontario’s hospitals if invoked?

Protocol created to ‘counteract implicit biases and subjectivity’

Veronica Appia

OurWindsor.Ca

Monday, April 26, 2021

This story is Part Two of a two-part explainer about the current surge of patients in Ontario’s intensive care units amid the third wave of COVID-19, and the possibility of the province invoking the Emergency Standard of Care protocol. Read Part One here.

Amid a rise in ICU admissions across the province, medical experts have been discussing the possibility of invoking the Emergency Standard of Care protocol, released by the Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre earlier this year, which includes three triaging scenarios.

Dr. David Neilipovitz, the department head of critical care at the Ottawa Hospital and a lead at the Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre, said it’s important to note that the Emergency Standard of Care protocol has different aspects to it and “not everything is triage.”

“Triage has a different connotation,” he said, adding that this would typically mean withdrawing care from patients without their family’s consent.

Neilipovitz said that while the Emergency Standard of Care protocol has similar aspects, there is no withdrawal of care.

What would triaging look like in Ontario?

“It’s really important to note that with emergency standards of care, no patient is not going to get care,” said Dr. Randy Wax, a critical care doctor who is also a lead at the Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre.

Rather, he said, it would be a matter of determining other appropriate ways to support the patients that would not have access to critical care.

“The whole principle of triage is to try to maximize the number of lives saved with the resources that you have and so, in general, the concept is we want to be able to identify patients who are most likely to benefit from receiving IC services,” Wax noted.

Dr. James Downar, a palliative and critical care specialist who was responsible for creating the protocol, added that the decision as to who would have access, under the protocol, would solely be determined by mortality risk.

Is triaging patients a likely reality for Ontario’s hospitals?

“Everybody who would be considered for critical care would have two separate assessments performed by qualified physicians to assess what would be felt to be their short-term mortality risk and they would use their clinical judgment, aided by the guidance provided,” he said, adding that in cases where there is insufficient data or disagreement between physicians, the hospital would take the most optimistic approach.

What are the human rights implications?

The concept of triaging has been cause for concern for human rights advocates and disability groups.

In an April 22 statement to Metroland, Ena Chadha, chief commissioner of the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC), said the Emergency Standard of Care protocol “includes potentially discriminatory triage criteria, should doctors be forced to decide who gets access to critical care and who does not.”

She stated that since December 2020, human rights groups and vulnerable populations have not been consulted on the protocol.

On April 9, the OHRC issued a public statement asking the government to provide the status of the Emergency Standard of Care protocol, confirm that the Health Care Consent Act prevails to protect the rights of patients and families, consult human rights stakeholders and require hospitals to collect data about the populations most affected by COVID-19.

In response to these concerns, Downar said that the reason the protocol was created in the first place was to ensure there wouldn’t be any human rights concerns in these scenarios.

“When human beings are overwhelmed and confronted by difficult decisions in emotional situations, that’s where implicit biases and subjectivity become major factors and undermine decision-making,” he said.

“You counteract that with explicit guidance and consistent rules.”

Regarding disability concerns, he added that the protocol will also ensure patients are being compared across different conditions the same way.

“There’s cancer guidance that applies only to people with cancer, heart failure guidance that only applies to people with heart failure, the frailty scale is only applied to people with frailty,” he explained. “It’s not applied to to everybody who has a disability.”

Veronica Appia is a reporter with Torstar Corporation Community Brands, covering COVID-19 news across Ontario.

 The Globe and Mail May 4, 2021

Memo says Ontario hospitals may avoid triage protocol

By JEFF GRAY

Staff

Ontario’s hospitals, despite facing an unprecedented strain from COVID-19, will likely escape the pandemic’s third wave without resorting to a triage protocol that would have forced doctors to decide who lives and who dies, according to a memo obtained by The Globe and Mail.

Doctors and hospital officials warn that weeks of tough public-health restrictions are still needed to keep slowing the virus’s spread. Hospitals will also need to keep increasing their already ballooned intensive-care capacity, postponing non-emergency operations and helicoptering patients from jammed facilities in hot spots to other beds across the province.

As of Monday, Ontario had 881 COVID-19 patients in its ICUs, more than double the total from just a month ago.

But the rate of increase appeared to be slowing. (In all, there were just over 2,000 patients of all kinds in the province’s ICUs.)

In a message to hospital chief executives dated May 2, Andrew Baker, the incident commander of the province’s critical-care COVID-19 command centre, says recent provincial modelling is still “concerning,” even as it shows a lower estimated number of COVID-19 ICU admissions than it did two weeks ago.

The memo asks hospitals to put 284 more ICU beds, already identified as ready to go at short notice, into operation and to prepare to receive more transferred patients. And it says the command centre will monitor staffing levels, and the effects of recent moves to transfer more elderly patients into long-term care homes, to determine whether hospitals should try to create even more critical-care capacity.

But the memo adds that it now looks as though the worst can be avoided: “I also wanted to share with you and your teams that we are increasingly confident that we will not need to activate the Emergency Standard of Care or recommend the use of the triage protocol.”

Requests for comment from Dr. Baker, who is chair of the critical-care department at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, were referred to Ontario Health, the government agency that oversees health care in the province.

Ontario Health executive vice-president Chris Simpson, also a Kingston cardiologist, said the worst-case scenario from the most recent modelling by the province’s external COVID-19 Science Table – which projected the potential for more than 1,400 COVID-19 patients in the province’s ICUs by month’s end – would mean triage could be necessary.

But the province appears to be tracking the modelling’s mid-range scenario, in which ICU admissions crest around 1,000 before descending gradually.

“I think that scenario, if that were to unfold, does keep us out of triage-tool territory,” Dr. Simpson said. “But only because of the extra capacity that we have been able to bring online.”

He cautioned that the stresses on the system were already having effects on the quality of care for patients. He also raised concerns there could be “tremendous pressure” to reopen the province too quickly if cases continue to plateau or fall.

Doing so, he warned, could plunge the province into a fourth wave.

Kevin Smith, president and CEO of University Health Network, which includes Toronto General, Toronto Western and Princess Margaret hospitals, said even as numbers appear to be levelling off, hospitals and their staff are stretched past their normal limits. To avoid the worst, he said Ontarians need to keep following strict public-health rules, get vaccinated as quickly as possible and not let their guard down over the May long weekend.

“I would certainly hate for anyone to think that this is a time to relax,” he said.

“Absolutely that is not the case.”

Anthony Dale, president and CEO of the Ontario Hospital Association, said the science table predictions are cause for hope, noting that daily new infection numbers have been moderating. (Ontario recorded 3,436 new cases on Monday, down from a peak of more than 4,800 in mid-April.)

But he said nothing about COVID-19 can be taken for granted. Even if these encouraging trends continue, he said, the health care system will still be in a state of massive disruption for months, noting that more than 250,000 operations have been postponed in the pandemic.

“There’s nothing natural or normal about any of this,” Mr. Dale said.

Ontario’s triage protocol has been clouded by secrecy. A draft was only made public after a leaked copy was obtained by a disability rights group. Under the plans, incoming patients would be assessed for their likelihood of survival after 12 months. Those with the best chances would be prioritized for ICU beds.

 CBC Online News May 5, 2021

Originally posted at: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/doctors-describe-critical-care-triage-training-as-surreal-emotional-1.6013411

Doctors express relief, cautious optimism at news Ontario will likely avoid triage protocol

Province says no triage model has been activated in Ontario at this time

Talia Ricci CBC News

Dr. Shajan Ahmed says most of his colleagues had never done any kind of triage training before. He was part of a group of physicians at UHN who participated in mock scenarios during the second wave. (Submitted/Shajan Ahmed)

Dr. Shajan Ahmed says he always thought of triage training as something needed in other countries or in war zones, where doctors must decide who gets potentially life-saving care and who doesn’t.

So when the emergency room physician with Toronto’s University Health Network found himself watching a webinar about it to help prepare doctors for the third wave of COVID-19, he says he was in a bit of shock.

“To come to grips with this being right at our [doorsteps] here in Toronto, a place where we have all kinds of resources, it was really bizarre, it was surreal,” he told CBC Toronto.

“None of us had trained for it before and none of us really signed up for this, to be honest with you.”

Ahmed was among a group of around 60 physicians who received the training earlier this year. It included running through mock cases, reading material and referencing online resources. The virtual sessions were conducted over Zoom with experts in simulation, ethics and palliative care.

The province says no triage model has been activated in Ontario at this time, and although the overall number of ICU admissions climbed to 900 for the first time last Saturday, the rate of increase appears to have started to slow down. In a memo obtained by CBC News directed to hospital CEOs, Andrew Baker, the incident commander of the province’s critical-care COVID-19 command centre, says projections remained “very concerning.” But the memo also adds they are “increasingly confident” that they will not need to recommend the use of the triage protocol.

But the prospect still weighs on the minds of some doctors, and for Ahmed, the training made the situation feel “very real.”

Hospitals in Ontario may not have to use triage protocol, memo says

“You read about it and you think it may come, but until you are actually doing the training it doesn’t feel real until that point,” he said, adding the sessions were more challenging than he anticipated.

“We would debrief after the sessions to talk about how it felt, and what was going through our minds and collectively everyone had to take a deep breath and, I guess, also a bit of a sigh of relief because we aren’t actually in this situation.”

Despite describing the current situation in GTA hospitals as “bursting at the seams,” Ahmed wants people to know if the triage model is activated, patients will still be cared for. The decision is not whether someone lives or dies but whether the person would be offered ICU level care.

“It’s very complex and there’s a lot of logistics involved but I don’t want the public to think we’re making decisions as to booting people to the street without providing care,” he said.

“We absolutely will provide care.”

Compassionate conversations part of the training

Dr. Erin O’ Connor, the deputy medical director of the University Health Network’s emergency departments, was part of the team that led the training.

“There’s a lot of emotion around this and this isn’t something any physician or any health-care provider wants to do, but when we were getting ever closer to it we realized we needed to prepare ourselves,” she said.

She adds that conversations with patients and their families were a big part of it.

“It helped people find the right way to say this kindly and empathetically and to also recognize and process their own emotions around it.”

Dr. Erin O’Connor is the deputy medical director of emergency departments at Toronto’s University

Health Network. O’Connor describes the process as an application of tools to help determine how likely someone is to survive and their likelihood of survival after a year of any acute illness, not just COVID-19. She says the team looked at five cases that represented typical situations in the emergency department and had participants evaluate the patients’ chances of survival.

“It was a little bit of how you would apply the tools to different cases, so it wasn’t so abstract,” she explained. She says the whole point of developing the short term mortality risk tools was to remove any bias from the system.

Canadian Armed Forces sending teams to Ontario as COVID-19 cases strain critical care capacity

“It was very clearly laid out that decisions cannot be made based on race, gender, economic status, disability, or age. This is really looking at as much as possible the medical factors that contribute to whether someone has a high chance of survival at a year,” she said.

Resources have been expanded through bringing health-care workers from other parts of the country, redeploying and retraining health-care workers, cancelling surgeries, bringing in more ventilators and transferring patients from hot-spot areas, among other measures. The Ministry of Health says the province continues to create additional hospital beds in the province, including the creation of two mobile health units.

“The logistics have been massive. But all of these things are being done to prevent us from getting into a position where we have to triage resources,” O’Connor said.

She says she’s feeling cautiously optimistic given the recent trends.

“We’re not out of the woods yet because we know patients stay in the ICU for a long time but we are slightly backing away from the need to use this.”

But Ahmed still thinks about it, and is still concerned about the current state of ICUs. He’s encouraging people to have conversations with loved ones about their goals of care.

“A lot of us lose sleep over it.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Talia Ricci

Talia Ricci is a CBC reporter based in Toronto. She has travelled around the globe with her camera documenting people and places as well as volunteering. Talia enjoys covering offbeat human interest stories and exposing social justice issues. When she’s not reporting, you can find her reading or strolling the city with a film camera.



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In One Day, Advocacy Action on 3 Accessibility Fronts- Critical Care Triage, Electric Scooters and B.C. Disabilities Act – AODA Alliance


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

In One Day, Advocacy Action on 3 Accessibility Fronts– Critical Care Triage, Electric Scooters and B.C. Disabilities Act

April 29, 2021

            SUMMARY

The grassroots volunteer campaign for accessibility for people with disabilities must be waged on so many fronts. Yesterday, we saw action at the same time on three of those fronts. In a nutshell:

  1. On its April 28, 2021 evening TV news broadcast, Global News included a superb report on the disability discrimination in Ontario’s critical care triage protocol by senior journalist Caryn Lieberman. We set out below the slightly longer text version of that report that Global also posted online. This is another in Ms. Lieberman’s consistently excellent reportage on disability issues in recent years.

For more on this issue, visit the AODA Alliance health care web page.

  1. On Wednesday, April 28, 2021, after tenacious grassroots efforts by so many, the City of Toronto Infrastructure and Environment Committee unanimously voted to not allow e-scooters in Toronto, and not to conduct a pilot project with e-scooters. E-scooters endanger the safety and accessibility for people with disabilities and seniors, and frankly, endanger everyone. Disability concerns were at the centre of this decision.

Thanks to all who joined in this grassroots campaign. However, we are not done yet. On May 5, 2021, the entire Toronto City Council will vote on the question. We must keep up the pressure. To help us press all members of Toronto City Council, please follow @aodaalliance on Twitter and retweet our tweets over the next days. Call as many members of Toronto City Council as possible to urge them to vote no to e-scooters, and no to conducting a Toronto e-scooter pilot project.

The disability campaign against e-scooters has gotten more media attention. Below we set out a letter to the editor in today’s Toronto Star by AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky, and two articles on this issue in the Star over the past two days. You can also watch a good report by reporter Jessica Ng on this topic that appeared on the April 28, 2021 6 o’clock Toronto news broadcast on CBC TV.

Yesterday was an unusual if not unique day for the AODA Alliance. At the same time over the supper hour, two different TV networks, Global and CBC, each aired news reports that included the AODA Alliance, each addressing different issues. On CBC, it was the dangers that e-scooters pose for people with disabilities. On Global, it was the dangers that Ontario’s critical care triage protocol poses for people with disabilities.

The April 28, 2021 report on the e-scooters issue in the Toronto Star, set out below, that ran before the Toronto Infrastructure and Environment Committee voted on this issue, included this information:

“The chair of Bird Canada is John Bitove. His brother Jordan Bitove is the publisher of the Toronto Star and co-proprietor of Torstar, the company that owns the newspaper.”

Bird Canada is one of the two biggest e-scooter rental companies that are aggressively lobbying Toronto City Council to let them rent e-scooters in Toronto, despite their danger for people with disabilities and others.

For more background, check out the AODA Alliance’s March 30, 2021 brief to the City of Toronto on e-scooters, the AODA Alliance video on why e-scooters are so dangerous (which media can use in any reports), and the AODA Alliance e-scooters web page.

  1. While all this was going on in Ontario, great news reached us from Canada’s west coast. Following the lead that Ontario set back in 2005 with the enactment of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, the BC Government introduced a bill for first reading in the B.C. Legislature, Bill 6, the Accessible British Columbia Act. We have not yet had a chance to review the bill itself.

We congratulate B.C. disability advocates, led by the grassroots Barrier-Free BC, for this major milestone event. The AODA Alliance has been proud to lend assistance to their efforts from afar, when asked. Back in October 2015, AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky was the keynote speaker at a town hall event that led to the birth that day of Barrier-Free B.C. From there on in, it was the excellent work of grassroots disability advocates in B.C. that carried the ball, did the hard work, and got their province to this important point. We remain eager to help B.C. in any way we can as this bill makes its way through the B.C. Legislature.

The Ford Government’s delays on disability accessibility seem endless. There have now been 819 days, or over 2 and a quarter years, since the Ford Government received the ground-breaking final report of the Independent Review of the implementation of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act by former Ontario Lieutenant Governor David Onley. The Government has announced no effective plan of new action to implement that report. That makes even worse the serious problems facing Ontarians with disabilities during the COVID-19 crisis. The Ontario Government only has 1,343 days left until 2025, the deadline by which the Government must have led Ontario to become fully accessible to people with disabilities.

            MORE DETAILS

Global News April 28, 2021

Originally posted at https://963bigfm.com/news/7816548/ontario-covid-triage-protocol-discriminates-disability-advocates/

Ontario’s COVID-19 triage protocol ‘discriminates because of disability,’ advocates say

Caryn Lieberman GlobalNews.ca

With Ontario’s ICUs being pushed to the brink, hospitals are preparing for the worst. For health-care workers, that means staring difficult life-changing choices in the face. If there aren’t enough beds, who gets one? As Caryn Lieberman reports, there would be a process to follow, but some says it discriminates against people with disabilities.

When Tracy Odell experienced bleeding in her stomach last summer during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, she went to hospital but vowed she would not return.

“I don’t feel safe in hospitals and a lot of people with disabilities similar to mine, where you need this much assistance, don’t feel safe in a hospital,” she said.

Odell was born with spinal muscular atrophy and requires assistance to complete many daily tasks.

Now, amid the third wave and with critical care units filling up, Odell said she fears if she ever needed the care, she would not be able to get it.

“I, personally, wouldn’t go to a hospital. I would feel it would be a waste of time and I’d feel very unsafe to go there … It’s a real indictment, I think, of our system, that people who have disabilities, have severe needs, don’t feel safe in a place where everyone’s supposed to be safe,” she said.

Odell is most concerned about a “critical care triage protocol” that could be activated in Ontario.

It would essentially allow health-care providers to decide who gets potentially life-saving care and who doesn’t.

Under the guidelines, as set out in a draft protocol circulating among hospitals, patients would be ranked on their likelihood to survive one year after the onset of critical illness.

“Patients who have a high likelihood of dying within twelve months from the onset of their episode of critical illness (based on an evaluation of their clinical presentation at the point of triage) would have a lower priority for critical care resources,” states the document.

Odell says it’s tough to predict who will survive an illness.

“They have to guess who’s going to last a year … As a child with my disability, my projected life expectancy was like a kid … they didn’t think I’d live to be a teenager and here I am retired, so it’s a very hard thing to judge,” said Odell.

Disability advocates have been raising alarm bells over the triage protocol for months.

David Lepofsky, of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance, sent multiple letters to Minister of Health Christine Elliott demanding transparency, arguing “the Ontario government’s pervasive secrecy over its critical care triage plans has made many people with disabilities terrified, angry and distrustful.”

“People with disabilities have disproportionately had to suffer for the past year from the most severe aspects of COVID … People with disabilities are disproportionately prone to end up in intensive care units and die from the disease,” said Lepofsky.

“Now we face the double cruelty that we are disproportionately prone to get told, ‘No, you can’t have that life-saving care.’”

Lepofsky said the document that is circulating, while not finalized, is problematic, unethical and discriminatory.

“The rules that have been given to intensive care units for deciding who gets critical care and who doesn’t, if they have to ration, may look fine because they’re full of medical jargon, but they actually explicitly discriminate because of disability,” he said.

“We agree there should be a protocol, but it can’t be one that discriminates because of disability. That’s illegal.”

John Mossa, who is living with muscular dystrophy, has been homebound for more than a year, afraid he would contract COVID-19 if he went outside and not survive it.

“COVID is a very serious disease for me … if I do get COVID, I would probably become very ill and pass away because of my poor respiratory condition. I have about 30 per cent lung capacity due to my muscular dystrophy so COVID is very serious. It’s been a very scary time,” he said.

Never more frightening than right now, Mossa said, amid a surging third wave with a record number of patients in Ontario’s critical care units and the potential for triaging life-saving care.

“The people that would be affected the most are the least considered to get care … I’m afraid, I’m totally afraid to go to hospital right now,” he said.

A few weeks ago, Mossa said, he had a hip accident but he has avoided the hospital, even though he is suffering and should seek medical help.

“I should be considering going to hospital, but I’m not going to go to hospital because I know that I won’t get the care I need and if it gets any worse. I know that I wouldn’t be given an ICU bed,” he said.

On Wednesday, when asked about the triage protocol, Elliott said it has not yet been activated.

That was echoed by Dr. James Downar, a palliative and critical care physician in Ottawa who co-wrote Ontario’s ICU protocol.

“I don’t think that there’s any plan to initiate a triage process in the next couple of days. I think a lot is going to depend on which way our ICU numbers go. They have been climbing at a fairly alarming rate,” he said.

On concerns by advocates that the protocol discriminates against people with disabilities, Downar said, “The only criterion in the triage plan is mortality risk.”

“We absolutely don’t want to make any judgments about whose life is more valuable, certainly nothing based on ability, disability or need for accommodations … If you value all lives equally, that, I think, is the strongest argument for using an approach that would save as many lives as you can,” he said.

Toronto Star April 29, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.thestar.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editors/2021/04/29/e-scooters-are-a-danger-to-people-with-disabilities.html

Letters to the Editor

E-scooters are a danger to people with disabilities

Scoot over, progress. Not in this town, April 27

Matt Elliott is wrong to urge Toronto to allow e-scooters; city council must not unleash dangerous electric scooters in Toronto, now banned, unless council legalizes them.

A city staff report shows e-scooters endanger public safety. Riders and innocent pedestrians get seriously injured. They especially endanger seniors and people with disabilities. Blind people, like me, can’t know silent e-scooters rocket at us at over 20 kph, driven by unlicensed, uninsured, unhelmeted fun-seeking riders.

It is no solution to just ban e-scooters from sidewalks.

As a blind person, if I get hit by a silent e-scooter racing towards me, it injures me just as badly, whether the rider owns the e-scooter or rents it.

Toronto has too many disability barriers. E-scooters would make it worse.

Toronto’s Disability Accessibility Advisory Committee and disability organizations unanimously called on Toronto not to allow e-scooters.

Mayor John Tory should stand up for people with disabilities, and should stand up to the corporate lobbyists conducting a high-price feeding frenzy at City Hall.

David Lepofsky, Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance

 Toronto Star April 29, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2021/04/28/committee-votes-unanimously-to-uphold-torontos-e-scooter-ban.html

Greater Toronto

Committee upholds T.O. e-scooter ban

Final decision on vehicles to be debated at council next month

Ben Spurr Toronto Star

A city committee has voted to uphold Toronto’s ban on e-scooters, setting up a final decision on the controversial vehicles at council next month.

More than 40 people signed up to speak to a city staff report on e-scooters at a remote meeting of the infrastructure and environment committee Wednesday.

The debate largely pitted transportation experts and representatives of e-scooter companies, who argued the vehicles are an innovative and sustainable transportation option, against disability and seniors advocates, who said e-scooters pose a danger to people with accessibility challenges.

Patricia Israel, a 69-year-old wheelchair user, told the committee she was scared of being hit by someone riding an e-scooter, which are quiet and can have top speeds of more than 40 km/h, although provincial guidelines say they should top out at 24 km/h.

“When a senior crashes to the sidewalk with a broken hip, he or she may die … do you want that?” she asked.

“E-scooters are left scattered all over sidewalks in cities around the world. Some people in wheelchairs cannot pick them up to move them … We’ll be on the sidewalk saying, ‘What do I do now?’” she added.

Jen Freiman, general manager of Lime Canada, an e-scooter sharing company, countered that cars represent the most serious threat on Toronto’s streets, and the city should be allowing safer alternatives.

“I’m not worried about my two young children being hit by someone (on) a scooter in Toronto,” she said. “What does scare me though is a frustrated driver ripping down the side streets by my house.”

She said that e-scooter companies operating in dozens of other cities have found ways to mitigate concerns about safety, street clutter and other issues raised by critics.

E-scooters have become popular in big cities around the world, both for private use and as part of sharing operations that allow users to hop on and off rented vehicles for short trips.

Both uses are currently prohibited on Toronto streets, sidewalks and other public spaces, and the staff report recommended against joining a provincial pilot project that allows cities to legalize the vehicles, subject to conditions.

Staff cited numerous concerns, including the vehicles becoming tripping hazards, unsafe riding on sidewalks, a lack of insurance coverage and insufficient enforcement resources.

Councillors on the committee voted unanimously to support the staff recommendation. Committee member Mike Layton (Ward 11, University-Rosedale) said he was “very conflicted” about the decision, because he believed that the city and e-scooter companies could likely find solutions to the objections critics raised about the vehicles.

But he said the disability community had “very real concerns” and he couldn’t vote against staff advice on a safety issue.

City council will debate the report at its May 5 meeting.

Toronto Star April 28, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2021/04/22/as-city-committee-debates-e-scooters-concerns-over-a-missed-opportunity.html#:~:text=GTA-,As%20city%20committee%20debates%20e%2Dscooters,concerns%20over%20’a%20missed%20opportunity’&text=They’re%20fun%2C%20fast%20and,to%20ride%20on%20city%20streets.&text=In%20the%20U.S.%2C%20there%20were,Association%20of%20City%20Transportation%20Officials.

Greater Toronto

E-scooters look for green light on T.O. streets

Method of transportation can be ‘useful part of the puzzle,’ one expert says

Ben Spurr Toronto Star

They’re fun, fast and for the moment, they’re illegal to ride on city streets.

But some transportation experts say Toronto is being too timid in its approach to e-scooters, and council should take a stab at legalizing the zippy two-wheeled vehicles on municipal roads, at least on a trial basis.

E-scooters are prohibited on Toronto streets and other public spaces, and in a report released last week, city transportation staff recommend maintaining the status quo. The city’s infrastructure committee will debate the report Wednesday, before the recommendation goes to council next month.

Jennifer Keesmaat, Toronto’s former chief city planner, argues the city should “work toward safely integrating e-scooters into the transportation landscape … because they can be a useful part of the puzzle.”

Keesmaat said the disruption to travel patterns caused by COVID-19 has presented cities with a golden opportunity to rethink policies that have historically prioritized private cars above other modes. She argued e-scooters could provide an additional, more sustainable transportation alternative and help make cities “greener and quieter places.”

“If we take as a given that we need more micro mobility in the city, and that we want to move away from assuming that getting around in a car is the best or only approach, overcoming the challenges associated with scooters is in the best interest of the city over the long term,” she said, while acknowledging there have been problems with the rollout of e-scooters elsewhere.

Motorized electric stand-up scooters have exploded in popularity in recent years and they’re now used in dozens of cities around the world by both private owners and as part of e-scooter sharing operations, which allow riders to hop on and off rented vehicles for short trips.

In the U.S., there were 86 million trips taken on e-scooters in 2019, according to the National Association of City Transportation Officials. The average trip length was about 1.6 kilometres. Around one-third of all car trips in the U.S. are less than about three kilometres, which is why some experts believe the two-wheeled devices have the potential to significantly displace car use.

Shauna Brail, an urban planner and associate professor at the Institute for Management & Innovation at the University of Toronto Mississauga, said she’s not convinced e-scooters represent the transformative change their proponents sometimes pitch them as.

But Brail said there’s evidence the electric-powered vehicles have potential to help solve the first mile/last mile problem of connecting people to transit hubs at the beginning or end of their commutes, and not testing them out would be “a missed opportunity.”

Raktim Mitra, co-director of TransForm Laboratory of Transportation and Land Use Planning at Ryerson University, agreed that city staff are being overly conservative.

He said misgivings about safety, liability and street clutter related to e-scooters are valid, but those problems could likely be addressed through “a combination of technology and regulations.”

There is indication that e-scooters are “one of the most interesting innovations to solve the first mile/last mile problem,” Mitra said. “If it was up to me, I would probably support at least a pilot to try it out.”

The Toronto staff report flagged concerns about the devices, chief among them the potential risk they could pose to Torontonians with accessibility challenges if they were left on the street or improperly ridden on sidewalks. The report also warned insurers won’t cover the vehicles, and the city lacks enforcement resources to ensure users follow the rules.

Staff are advising that council vote against joining a five-year pilot project the Ontario government launched in 2020 that allows cities to legalize e-scooters. Under the terms of the pilot, the vehicles must have a top speed of 24 km/h, and weigh no more than 45 kg. Windsor and Ottawa are among those taking part.

Ahead of the Toronto council vote, global e-scooter sharing companies like Bird and Lime have lobbied city hall in an effort to open up the market to their operations.

The chair of Bird Canada is John Bitove. His brother Jordan Bitove is the publisher of the Toronto Star and co-proprietor of Torstar, the company that owns the newspaper.

Matti Siemiatycki, a professor of geography and interim director of the School of Cities at the University of Toronto, said city staff are right to not embrace e-scooters.

“I think that with every technology there’s trade-offs, and with e-scooters, especially the shared approach, the negative consequences of this technology (outweigh the benefits),” he said, citing the hazards they pose to people with disabilities.



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Feeding Frenzy by Corporate Lobbyist Continues at Toronto City Hall to Pressure City Council to Permit Electric Scooters Despite Their Proven Dangers to Vulnerable People with Disabilities, Seniors, Children and Others


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

Feeding Frenzy by Corporate Lobbyist Continues at Toronto City Hall to Pressure City Council to Permit Electric Scooters Despite Their Proven Dangers to Vulnerable People with Disabilities, Seniors, Children and Others

April 23, 2021 Toronto: Toronto City Hall continues to be the target of a relentless high-price, well-connected feeding frenzy by corporate lobbyists for electric scooter rental companies. This is despite overwhelming proof that e-scooters endanger vulnerable people with disabilities, seniors, children and others, and create serious new accessibility barriers for people with disabilities. Today, the AODA Alliance releases updated documentation proving just how extensive this corporate lobbyists’ feeding frenzy is.

From June 2018 to the present, the e-scooter corporate lobbyists have had a staggering 1,711 contacts across City Hall. That includes them having fully 124 contacts with Toronto Mayor John Tory or his office. All those contacts are listed below, filling a breath-taking 87 single-spaced pages. They are all taken from the Toronto Lobbyists Registry.

On October 30, 2020, The AODA Alliance released a detailed report, documenting the extent of this orgy of e-scooter corporate lobbying up to that date. Today’s Update brings that report up to date.

It is clear that the e-scooter corporate lobbyists have kept up their non-stop inundation of City Hall since October 2020. For a more detailed analysis of the data up to the end of October, read the AODA Alliance’s October 30, 2021 report on the e-scooter corporate lobbying feeding frenzy in Toronto.

On Wednesday, April 28, 2021, the Toronto Infrastructure and Environment Committee will consider what to do about e-scooters. Right now it is illegal to ride them in public in Toronto. Disability organizations and advocates are urging Toronto City Council not to lift that ban, and not to conduct a pilot project with e-scooters in Toronto.

On Wednesday, April 21, 2021, a compelling report was made public by Toronto City staff. That City staff report recommended that e-scooters not be allowed, and that no e-scooter pilot be conducted. It based this on the fact that e-scooters pose a safety danger to the public, including people with disabilities among others. They would also create new accessibility barriers. That City Staff report found that the e-scooter corporate lobbyists have not proposed any workable and effective solutions to these dangers.

The Toronto Accessibility Advisory Committee has twice passed unanimous recommendations to Toronto City Council, that e-scooters not be allowed, on February 3, 2020 and February 25, 2021. In its most recent decision on point, the Toronto Accessibility Advisory Committee said there should be no e-scooters allowed, whether rental or private owned, that no e-scooter pilot should be conducted, and that Toronto authorities should enforce the current ban on e-scooters. Disability organizations and advocates strongly support those recommendations.

Mayor John Tory and some members of City Council have been holding off taking a public position on e-scooters until they received a report and recommendation from City staff. They now have a strong City Staff report and recommendation categorically saying that Toronto should say no to e-scooters. We call on Mayor Tory and all City Council members to do just that.

On March 30, 2021, the AODA Alliance made public a comprehensive brief to the City of Toronto on e-scooters. It shows why Toronto must not permit them. It also shows that e-scooter corporate lobbyists, who are behind the push for e-scooters, have made claims about e-scooters that are false, misleading and transparently meritless.

This now boils down to a stark and simple question for Mayor Tory and City Council: Will they stand up for vulnerable people with disabilities, seniors, children and others, whom e-scooters endanger? Will they stand up instead for the e-scooter corporate lobbyists, or will they stand up to the corporate lobbyists?

We have heard from some on City Council and from their staffers that the biggest corporate lobbying effort now going on at City Hall is by the e-scooter corporate lobbyists. The more these corporate lobbyists carry on with this, the more this shows the stark choice that Mayor Tory and City Council has, between listening to people with disabilities or simply serving the interest of the corporate lobbyists.

Below we set out an article on this issue in the April 22, 2021 Toronto Star, which quotes the AODA Alliance. We also set out all the entries in the Toronto Lobbyist Registry on this issue since June 2018.

For more information on the dangers presented by e-scooters, visit the AODA Alliance’s e-scooter web page and the March 30, 2021 AODA Alliance report to City Hall on e-scooters. Also check out the AODA Alliances short online video that describes the dangers that e-scooters pose, especially to vulnerable people with disabilities, seniors and children. That video has already been viewed over 1,000 times.

Toronto Star April 22, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2021/04/21/toronto-should-not-allow-wider-use-of-e-scooters-says-city-staff.html#:~:text=%E2%80%9CThe%20current%20regulations%20that%20prohibit,associated%20costs%2C%E2%80%9D%20staff%20wrote

Greater Toronto

City staff recommend not allowing e-scooters

Ben Spurr Toronto Star

City staff are recommending council stay out of the province’s e-scooter pilot project, a decision that would effectively shut the door on legalizing the use of the peppy two-wheeled vehicles on Toronto’s streets.

In a report released Wednesday, city transportation staff said that “based on extensive research and feedback,” they had concluded the problems related to accessibility, safety and insurance posed by e-scooters “remain unresolved,” and solutions proposed by the industry “are not satisfactory.”

“The current regulations that prohibit the use of e-scooters in public spaces make sense as they will prevent an increase in street and sidewalk-related injuries and fatalities, and their associated costs,” staff wrote.

The report will be debated next Wednesday at the city’s infrastructure and environment committee before going to council, which will have final say on whether to approve the recommendation.

E-scooters are motorized, battery-powered versions of the familiar kick-style children’s toy. In recent years, they have enjoyed a boom in popularity around the world, for both private use and as part of app-enabled e-scooter sharing programs. Proponents say they’re an effective “micromobility” solution that could help reduce reliance on polluting vehicles.

But their rapid rise has been met with pushback, and some cities banned them after complaints about riders leaving the vehicles littered on sidewalks and other public spaces at the end of their trips.

The staff report concluded the city lacks sufficient enforcement resources to ensure e-scooters aren’t used on sidewalks, and there are problems securing insurance to cover injuries suffered by riders or pedestrians. It also echoed disability advocates who have warned the vehicles pose hazards to people with mobility issues, who are at risk of tripping over e-scooters if they’re left in the street, or being struck by riders improperly using them on sidewalks.

David Lepofsky, chair of the Accessibility For Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance, urged council to follow city staff’s advice. Council “should stand up for people with disabilities and must stand up to the e-scooter corporate lobbyists,” he said.

Jonathan Hopkins, director of strategic development for Lime, said the new staff report “sells the city short” and the company hopes council “has more faith in the city of Toronto and its ability to do world class things.”

Report of All Contacts by E-scooter Corporate Lobbyists with Toronto City Hall from June 2018 to April 2021, Recorded in the Toronto Lobbyists Registry

 Bird Canada

  1. January 21, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  2. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  3. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  4. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  5. May 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  6. May 19, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  7. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  8. November 3, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  9. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  10. July 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  11. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  12. July 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  13. October 20, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  14. March 26, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  15. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  16. January 28, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  17. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  18. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  19. May 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  20. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  21. May 30, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  22. June 4, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  23. December 11, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  24. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  25. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  26. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  27. September 25, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  28. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  29. February 11, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  30. April 14, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  31. April 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  32. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  33. May 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  34. May 19, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  35. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  36. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  37. December 4, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  38. November 1, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  39. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  40. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  41. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  42. May 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  43. October 22, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  44. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  45. April 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Anthony Tersigni of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  46. May 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Anthony Tersigni of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  47. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternack, a Staff of Member of Council.
  48. February 11, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternack, a Staff of Member of Council.
  49. April 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  50. April 14, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  51. April 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  52. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  53. May 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  54. May 19, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  55. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  56. June 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  57. June 17, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  58. July 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  59. July 8, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  60. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  61. October 21, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  62. October 23, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  63. November 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  64. November 27, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  65. December 4, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  66. September 5, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Daniela Magisano of The Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  67. December 10, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of The Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  68. December 13, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  69. December 16, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  70. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  71. February 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  72. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  73. May 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  74. May 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  75. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  76. May 30, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  77. July 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  78. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  79. July 30, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  80. September 14, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  81. September 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  82. October 8, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  83. November 13, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  84. November 20, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  85. November 27, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  86. December 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  87. February 16, 2021, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  88. March 30, 2021, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  89. November 12, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with David Bellmore of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  90. July 8, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  91. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  92. July 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  93. July 30, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  94. November 13, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  95. November 20, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  96. December 22, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  97. February 16, 2021, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  98. March 30, 2021, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  99. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Michael Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  100. May 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Michael Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  101. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Monk of Denzil Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  102. December 11, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  103. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  104. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  105. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lisa Hoffman of Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  106. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  107. July 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  108. July 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  109. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  110. May 30, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  111. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias deDovitiis of Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  112. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias deDovitiis of Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  113. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Giles of Ana Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  114. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Giles of Ana Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  115. March 26, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Nick Dominelli of Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  116. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Nick Dominelli of Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  117. November 1, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Rachel Scott of Office of Councillor Peruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  118. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  119. May 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  120. May 19, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  121. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  122. June 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Rishab Mehan of Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  123. January 28, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  124. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  125. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  126. May 6, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  127. May 8, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  128. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  129. October 22, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Tristan Downe-Dewdney of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  130. October 21, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  131. October 21, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  132. October 21, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  133. October 21, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Urban Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  134. October 21, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Urban Planning, Assistant Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  135. May 19, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Vice-President, Stakeholder Relations of CreateTO, an Employee of Local Board.
  136. June 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Vice-President, Stakeholder Relations of CreateTO, an Employee of Local Board.
  137. June 17, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Vice-President, Stakeholder Relations of CreateTO, an Employee of Local Board.
  138. December 13, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Director of Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  139. June 17, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Director, Transaction Services of Corporate Real Estate Management, an Employee of the City.
  140. December 10, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  141. December 13, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Executive Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  142. December 16, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  143. March 27, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  144. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  145. September 18, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  146. October 22, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  147. October 25, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  148. November 26, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  149. November 27, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  150. November 28, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  151. December 10, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  152. December 13, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  153. December 16, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  154. January 10, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  155. January 20, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  156. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  157. March 27, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  158. April 7, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  159. April 24, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  160. May 25, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  161. September 18, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Senior Policy and Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  162. September 18, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  163. October 22, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  164. December 13, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  165. December 16, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  166. February 5, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  167. March 27, 2020, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  168. September 18, 2019, Stewart Lyons, Senior Officer of Bird Canada, met with Toronto Urban Fellow Research Associate of People, Equity & Human Rights, an Employee of the City.
  169. September 30, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, an Member of Council.
  170. September 18, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  171. October 22, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  172. October 25, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  173. January 10, 2020, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Manager, Street Furniture Management, City Wide of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  174. September 18, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Senior Policy and Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  175. September 18, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  176. October 22, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Snr Project Mgr, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  177. September 18, 2019, Ryan Lausman of Bird Canada, Met with Toronto Urban Fellow Research Associate of People, Equity & Human Rights, an Employee of the City.
  178. January 28, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  179. February 3, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  180. April 7, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  181. February 11, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Met with James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  182. February 11, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Met with Aytakin Mohammadi of James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  183. February 5, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  184. January 28, 2020, Austin Spademan of Bird Canada, Met with Stephanie Nakitsas of Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  185. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  186. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  187. October 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  188. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  189. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  190. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  191. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  192. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  193. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  194. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  195. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  196. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  197. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  198. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  199. July 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  200. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  201. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  202. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  203. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  204. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  205. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  206. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  207. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  208. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  209. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  210. January 8, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  211. January 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  212. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  213. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  214. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  215. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  216. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  217. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  218. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  219. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  220. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  221. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  222. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  223. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  224. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  225. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  226. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  227. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  228. October 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  229. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  230. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  231. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  232. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  233. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  234. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  235. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  236. July 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  237. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  238. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  239. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  240. December 29, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  241. January 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  242. February 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  243. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  244. March 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  245. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  246. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  247. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  248. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  249. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  250. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  251. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  252. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  253. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  254. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  255. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  256. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  257. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  258. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  259. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  260. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  261. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  262. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  263. July 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  264. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  265. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  266. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  267. December 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  268. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  269. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  270. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  271. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  272. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  273. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  274. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  275. November 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  276. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  277. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  278. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  279. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  280. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  281. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  282. August 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  283. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aaron Prance of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  284. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aaron Prance of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  285. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aaron Prance of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  286. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aaron Prance of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  287. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Adrian Martins of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  288. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Adrian Martins of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  289. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Adrian Martins of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  290. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Adrian Martins of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  291. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Alex Amelin of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  292. July 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Alex Amelin of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  293. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Alex Amelin of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  294. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Alex Amelin of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  295. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Alex Amelin of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  296. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  297. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  298. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  299. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  300. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Andrew Athanasiu of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  301. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Antonette Dinovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  302. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Antonette Dinovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  303. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Antonette Dinovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  304. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Antonette Dinovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  305. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ashley Millman of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  306. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  307. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  308. July 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  309. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  310. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  311. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  312. October 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  313. November 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  314. November 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  315. December 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  316. December 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  317. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  318. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  319. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  320. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  321. January 8, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  322. January 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  323. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  324. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  325. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brett McCandless of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  326. July 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  327. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  328. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  329. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  330. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  331. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  332. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  333. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  334. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  335. September 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  336. September 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  337. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  338. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  339. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  340. November 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  341. December 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  342. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  343. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  344. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  345. February 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  346. February 26, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  347. March 16, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  348. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  349. March 30, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  350. April 1, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  351. April 6, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  352. April 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  353. April 12, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  354. April 14, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  355. April 15, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  356. April 19, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to, Text message Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  357. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daryl Finlayson of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  358. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daryl Finlayson of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  359. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Daryl Finlayson of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  360. July 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Diana Gonzalez of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  361. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  362. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  363. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  364. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  365. September 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  366. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  367. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  368. December 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  369. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  370. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  371. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  372. February 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  373. February 26, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  374. March 16, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  375. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  376. March 30, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  377. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  378. July 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  379. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  380. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  381. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  382. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  383. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  384. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  385. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  386. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  387. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Murphy of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  388. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Murphy of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  389. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to James Murphy of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  390. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Luke-Smith of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  391. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Monk of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  392. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Monk of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  393. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Monk of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  394. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  395. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  396. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  397. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  398. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  399. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  400. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  401. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  402. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  403. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joan Wilson of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  404. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  405. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  406. July 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  407. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  408. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  409. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  410. December 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  411. January 6, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  412. January 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  413. January 8, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  414. January 28, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  415. February 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  416. February 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  417. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  418. March 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  419. March 12, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  420. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  421. March 25, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  422. March 29, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  423. March 30, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  424. April 14, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  425. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  426. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  427. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  428. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  429. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  430. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Karen Duffy of Office of Councillor Perks, a Staff of Member of Council.
  431. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Karen Duffy of Office of Councillor Perks, a Staff of Member of Council.
  432. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Kim Edgar of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  433. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Kim Edgar of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  434. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lesley Burlie of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  435. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  436. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  437. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  438. August 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  439. September 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  440. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  441. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  442. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  443. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  444. February 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  445. March 16, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  446. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  447. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Maham Aqil of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  448. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Maham Aqil of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  449. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  450. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  451. December 29, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  452. January 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  453. January 6, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  454. January 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  455. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Markus Obrien-Fehr of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  456. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Markus Obrien-Fehr of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  457. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  458. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  459. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  460. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  461. July 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  462. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  463. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  464. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  465. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  466. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Giles of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  467. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Michael Giles of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  468. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Miran Markovic of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  469. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Miran Markovic of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  470. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Miran Markovic of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  471. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Miran Markovic of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  472. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Miran Markovic of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  473. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Monique Lisi of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  474. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Monique Lisi of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  475. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Monique Lisi of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  476. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Mustapha Khamissa of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  477. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Nicholas Dominelli of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  478. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Nicholas Dominelli of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  479. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Nicholas Gallant of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  480. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Nicholas Gallant of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  481. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Nicholas Gallant of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  482. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Olivia Klasios of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  483. November 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Parker Samuels of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  484. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Parker Samuels of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  485. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Parker Samuels of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  486. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  487. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  488. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  489. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  490. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  491. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  492. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  493. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  494. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  495. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  496. November 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rachel Van Fraassen of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  497. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rachel Van Fraassen of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  498. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rachel Van Fraassen of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  499. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rebecca Guida of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  500. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rebecca Guida of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  501. July 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  502. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  503. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  504. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  505. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  506. August 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  507. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  508. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  509. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  510. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  511. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  512. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  513. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  514. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  515. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  516. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  517. January 6, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  518. January 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  519. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  520. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  521. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  522. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  523. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  524. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  525. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  526. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  527. July 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  528. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  529. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  530. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  531. October 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  532. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  533. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  534. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  535. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  536. March 29, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  537. March 30, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  538. April 14, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  539. April 19, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, Text message Scott Morphet of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  540. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  541. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  542. July 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  543. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  544. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  545. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  546. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Shima Bhana of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  547. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  548. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  549. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  550. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  551. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  552. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  553. July 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  554. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  555. July 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  556. July 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  557. July 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  558. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  559. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  560. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  561. December 29, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  562. January 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  563. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  564. February 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, met with Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  565. February 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  566. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  567. February 26, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  568. March 4, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  569. March 8, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  570. March 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  571. March 22, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  572. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  573. July 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  574. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  575. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  576. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  577. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Tom Gleason of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  578. December 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Tom Gleason of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  579. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Tom Gleason of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  580. July 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Trent Jennett of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  581. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Trent Jennett of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  582. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  583. December 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  584. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  585. January 8, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Wyndham Bettencourt-McCarthy of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  586. January 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Wyndham Bettencourt-McCarthy of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  587. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Pape Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  588. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Emery Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  589. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Dupont by the Castle BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  590. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Duke Heights BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  591. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Downtown Yonge BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  592. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Corso Italia BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  593. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of College West BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  594. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of College Promenade BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  595. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Lakeshore BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  596. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Leslieville BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  597. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Little Italy BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  598. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Little Portugal on Dundas BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  599. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of St. Lawrence Market BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  600. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Midtown Yonge BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  601. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Mirvish Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  602. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Ossington Avenue BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  603. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Cityplace Fort York BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  604. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Chinatown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  605. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Cabbagetown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  606. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Broadview Danforth BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  607. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Bloorcourt Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  608. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Bloor-Yorkville BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  609. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Bloor Annex BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  610. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Regal Heights Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  611. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Riverside BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  612. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Wychwood Heights BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  613. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Yonge + St. Clair BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  614. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of York-Eglinton BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  615. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Gerrard India Bazaar BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  616. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Greektown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  617. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Hillcrest Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  618. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Kennedy Road BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  619. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Koreatown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  620. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Rosedale BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  621. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of St. Clair Gardens BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  622. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of MarkeTo BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  623. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Beach Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  624. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of The Eglinton Way BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  625. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Waterfront BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  626. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Village of Islington BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  627. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of West Queen West BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  628. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  629. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to BIA Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  630. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Parkdale Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  631. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  632. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  633. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  634. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  635. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  636. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  637. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  638. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  639. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  640. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Urban Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  641. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Urban Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  642. July 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Urban Planning Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  643. November 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Urban Planning Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  644. March 10, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Urban Planning Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  645. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  646. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  647. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  648. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  649. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  650. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  651. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Associate Lead – Government & Financial Renewal of Toronto Office of Recovery & Rebuild, an Employee of the City.
  652. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Coordinator of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  653. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  654. August 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  655. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  656. September 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  657. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  658. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  659. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  660. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  661. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  662. February 24, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  663. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  664. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  665. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  666. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  667. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  668. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  669. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  670. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Mgmt. of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  671. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Office of Mayor Tory, an Employee of the City.
  672. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  673. August 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  674. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  675. September 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  676. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  677. October 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  678. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  679. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  680. December 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  681. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  682. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  683. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  684. July 30, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  685. August 12, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  686. August 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  687. August 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  688. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  689. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  690. September 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  691. September 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  692. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  693. September 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  694. September 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  695. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  696. October 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  697. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  698. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  699. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  700. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  701. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  702. January 20, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, met with Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  703. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  704. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  705. February 24, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  706. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  707. April 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  708. April 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  709. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  710. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  711. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  712. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  713. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  714. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  715. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  716. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  717. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  718. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  719. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  720. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  721. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Lead of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  722. July 30, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  723. July 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  724. August 12, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  725. July 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  726. July 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  727. July 30, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  728. July 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  729. August 12, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  730. August 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  731. August 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  732. August 31, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  733. September 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  734. September 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  735. September 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  736. September 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  737. September 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  738. September 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  739. October 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  740. October 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  741. October 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  742. October 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  743. November 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  744. December 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  745. December 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  746. January 5, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  747. January 6, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  748. January 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  749. January 20, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  750. February 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  751. February 11, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  752. February 17, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  753. February 24, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  754. March 3, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  755. April 7, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  756. April 9, 2021, Chris Schafer of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  757. October 21, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  758. October 27, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  759. November 5, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  760. January 8, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  761. January 11, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  762. October 27, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  763. October 26, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  764. January 8, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, text Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  765. February 4, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  766. November 4, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  767. November 3, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  768. October 20, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  769. October 27, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Andrew Athanasiu of Josh Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  770. January 8, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  771. January 11, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Brent Gilliard of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  772. November 27, 2020, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, made a telephone call to Luke Robertson of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  773. February 4, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, met with Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  774. January 8, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Wyndham Bettencourt-McCarthy of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  775. January 11, 2021, Mr. John Bitove of Bird Canada, sent an e-mail to Wyndham Bettencourt-McCarthy of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.

 Crestview Strategy

  1. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  2. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  3. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  4. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  5. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  6. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  7. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  8. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  9. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  10. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  11. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  12. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  13. September 29, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  14. October 23, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, met with Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  15. November 3, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, met with Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  16. October 16, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, met with Daryl Finlayson of Councillor Paula Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  17. October 16, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, met with Nicolas Valverde of Councillor Paula Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  18. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Administrator of Uptown Yonge BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  19. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Danforth Mosaic BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  20. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Gerrard India Bazaar BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  21. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Leslieville BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  22. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Kennedy Road BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  23. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of CityPlace and Fort York BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  24. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Ossington Avenue BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  25. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Queen Street West BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  26. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Trinity Bellwoods BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  27. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Little Portugal On Dundas BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  28. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Oakwood Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  29. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Regal Heights Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  30. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of St. Clair Gardens BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  31. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Little Italy BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  32. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Mirvish Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  33. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Rosedale Main Street BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  34. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Yonge & St. Clair, an Employee of Local Board.
  35. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Dovercourt Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  36. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Dupont by the Castle BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  37. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Kensington Market BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  38. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Korea Town BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  39. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of The Eglinton Way BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  40. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Yonge Lawrence Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  41. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of College Promenade BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  42. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Corso Italia BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  43. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to BIA Coordinator of Village of Islington BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  44. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Danforth Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  45. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of The Beach BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  46. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of DuKe Heights BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  47. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Emery Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  48. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Fairbank Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  49. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of MarkeTO District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  50. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Harbord Street BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  51. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of GreekTown on the Danforth BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  52. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Pape Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  53. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Riverside District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  54. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Wilson Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  55. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of College West BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  56. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Dovercourt Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  57. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Chair of Hillcrest Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  58. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Liberty Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  59. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Parkdale Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  60. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of St. Lawrence Market Neighbourhood BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  61. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of The Waterfront BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  62. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of West Queen West BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  63. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  64. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Broadview Danforth BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  65. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Wexford Heights BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  66. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Sheppard East Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  67. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  68. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Bloor Annex BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  69. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Bloor-Yorkville BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  70. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to ED of Downtown Yonge BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  71. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Manager of York-Eglinton BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  72. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Manager of Bloorcourt Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  73. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Manager of Bloordale Village BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  74. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Manager of Chinatown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  75. September 30, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, sent an e-mail to Operations Manager of Chinatown BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  76. October 15, 2020, Jaskaran Sandhu, Senior Consultant of Crestview Strategy, met with General Manager of Economic Development and Culture, an Employee of the City.

 Lyft Canada Inc.

  1. September 23, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Deputy CEO of TTC, an Employee of Local Board.
  2. September 23, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  3. September 23, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Project, Design & Management of Transportation, an Employee of the City.
  4. September 23, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  5. September 18, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  6. November 24, 2020, Hannah Parish of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  7. September 23, 2020, Tom Divito of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Deputy CEO of TTC, an Employee of Local Board.
  8. September 23, 2020, Tom Divito of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  9. September 23, 2020, Tom Divito of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Project Design & Management of Transportation, an Employee of the City.
  10. September 23, 2020, Tom Divito of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  11. November 24, 2020, Tom Divito of Lyft Canada Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.

 Neutron Holdings Inc.

  1. July 26, 2018, Nico Probst of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Rachel Van Fraassen of Office of Councillor Jaye Robinson, Ward 25, a Staff of Member of Council.
  2. July 26, 2018, Nico Probst of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Siri Agrell of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  3. June 18, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Jon Burnside of Ward 26 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  4. June 20, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Christin Carmichael Greb of Ward 16 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  5. June 20, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Mike Layton of Ward 19 Trinity-Spadina, a Member of Council.
  6. April 15, 2020, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  7. June 20, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Gord Perks of Ward 14 Parkdale-High Park, a Member of Council.
  8. June 18, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Michael Thompson of Ward 37 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  9. June 20, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Cycling Infras & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  10. June 20, 2018, Gabriel Scheer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Program Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  11. April 21, 2020, Mr. Calvin Thigpen of Neutron Holdings Inc., Webinar James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  12. April 21, 2020, Mr. Calvin Thigpen of Neutron Holdings Inc., Webinar Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  13. July 7, 2020, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  14. October 22, 2019, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  15. January 10, 2020, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  16. October 22, 2019, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Program Designer (Toronto Urban Fellow) of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  17. January 10, 2020, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Program Designer (Toronto Urban Fellow) of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  18. October 22, 2019, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Policy and Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  19. October 22, 2019, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  20. January 10, 2020, Mr. Michael Markevich of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  21. April 29, 2020, Ms. Katie Stevens of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  22. April 29, 2020, Ms. Katie Stevens of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  23. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  24. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  25. October 7, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  26. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  27. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  28. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  29. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  30. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  31. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  32. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  33. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  34. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  35. April 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  36. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  37. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  38. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  39. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  40. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  41. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  42. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  43. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  44. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  45. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  46. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  47. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  48. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  49. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  50. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  51. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  52. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  53. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  54. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  55. March 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  56. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  57. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  58. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  59. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  60. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  61. April 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  62. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Member of Council.
  63. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Member of Council.
  64. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Member of Council.
  65. March 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Member of Council.
  66. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  67. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  68. April 11, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  69. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  70. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  71. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  72. April 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  73. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  74. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  75. October 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  76. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  77. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  78. March 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  79. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  80. April 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  81. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  82. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  83. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  84. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  85. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  86. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  87. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  88. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  89. March 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  90. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  91. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  92. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  93. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  94. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  95. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  96. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  97. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  98. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  99. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  100. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  101. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  102. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  103. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  104. August 23, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  105. August 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  106. September 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  107. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  108. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  109. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  110. March 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  111. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  112. April 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  113. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  114. April 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  115. April 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  116. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gord Perks of Ward 4 Parkdale-High Park, a Member of Council.
  117. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gord Perks of Ward 4 Parkdale-High Park, a Member of Council.
  118. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  119. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  120. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  121. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  122. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  123. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  124. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  125. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  126. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  127. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  128. March 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., Social Media Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  129. April 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  130. April 11, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Abdullah Sherif of Office of Councillor Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  131. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Office of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  132. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  133. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  134. February 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  135. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Councillor Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  136. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ani Dergalstanian of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  137. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Ferrari of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  138. March 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Anthony Tersigni of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  139. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Antonette DiNovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  140. February 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Antonette DiNovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  141. October 7, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Antonette DiNovo of Office of Councillor Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  142. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  143. March 9, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  144. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  145. April 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  146. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  147. April 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  148. April 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  149. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brandon Stevens of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  150. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brandon Stevens of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  151. March 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brandon Stevens of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  152. April 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Brandon Stevens of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  153. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brandon Stevens of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  154. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brett.McCandless of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  155. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Office of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  156. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  157. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  158. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  159. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Courtney Glen of Mayor’s Office, a Staff of Member of Council.
  160. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  161. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  162. July 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  163. July 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  164. August 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  165. September 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  166. September 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  167. September 17, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  168. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  169. October 11, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  170. October 17, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  171. October 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  172. October 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  173. November 7, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  174. November 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  175. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  176. January 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  177. February 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Office of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  178. February 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  179. February 14, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  180. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  181. February 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  182. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  183. April 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  184. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor John Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  185. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Diana Carella of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  186. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Diana Carella of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  187. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Dino Alic of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  188. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Dino Alic of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  189. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Fertaa Yieleh-Chireh of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  190. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  191. April 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  192. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  193. April 16, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  194. April 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  195. September 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hilary Burke of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  196. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hilary Burke of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  197. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ihor Wons of Office of Councillor Thompson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  198. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jacob Katz of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  199. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jacob Katz of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  200. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jacob Katz of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  201. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jacob Katz of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  202. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jessica Luke-Smith of Office of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  203. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jessica Luke-Smith of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  204. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  205. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  206. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  207. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  208. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  209. March 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with John Sinclair of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  210. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  211. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  212. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jonathan Kent of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  213. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Karen Duffy of Office of Councillor Perks, a Staff of Member of Council.
  214. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kim Edgar of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  215. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kim Edgar of Office of Councillor Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  216. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lesley Burlie of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  217. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lia Brewer of Office of Councillor Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  218. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lisa Rainford of Office of Councillor Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  219. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lola Dandybaeva of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  220. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  221. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  222. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  223. February 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  224. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  225. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  226. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Maham Aqil of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  227. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Maham Aqil of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  228. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Marco Bianchi of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  229. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  230. March 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  231. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  232. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  233. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Megan Poole of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  234. September 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michelle Zaslavsky of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  235. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michelle Zaslavsky of Office of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  236. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michelle Zaslavsky of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  237. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michelle Zaslavsky of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  238. March 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Michelle Zaslavsky of Councillor Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  239. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Nicholas Dominelli of Councillor Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  240. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Nikolaos Mantas of Office of Councillor Karygiannis, a Staff of Member of Council.
  241. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Nikolaos Mantas of Office of Councillor Karygiannis, a Staff of Member of Council.
  242. March 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Nikolaos Mantas of Office of Councillor Karygiannis, a Staff of Member of Council.
  243. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  244. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  245. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  246. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Office of Councillor Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  247. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Councillor Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  248. April 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Councillor Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  249. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Councillor Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  250. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Rachel Thompson of Office of Councillor Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  251. April 3, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Councillor Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  252. April 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Rishab Mehan of Councillor Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  253. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robert Cerjanec of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  254. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robert Cerjanec of Office of Councillor Bailao, a Staff of Member of Council.
  255. March 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  256. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Office of Councillor Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  257. February 11, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  258. February 18, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  259. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  260. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  261. November 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Rohan Balram of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  262. November 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Rohan Balram of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  263. April 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Ryan Lo of Office of Councillor Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  264. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  265. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  266. April 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  267. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Office of Councillor McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  268. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  269. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  270. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  271. February 27, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  272. February 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Samantha Vite of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  273. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  274. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  275. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Office of Councillor Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  276. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Office of Councillor Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  277. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Shima Bhana of Office of Councillor Ford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  278. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Office of Councillor Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  279. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  280. March 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  281. April 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  282. April 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  283. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  284. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  285. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  286. October 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  287. February 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  288. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  289. March 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  290. March 25, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  291. April 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  292. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  293. March 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Baker of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  294. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Baker of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  295. November 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Baker of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  296. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  297. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Office of Councillor Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  298. July 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  299. November 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  300. November 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to William Burtch of Office of Councillor Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  301. May 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mostafa Omran of Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), a Member of Local Board.
  302. October 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to BIA Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  303. April 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to BIA Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  304. April 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to BIA Planner of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  305. October 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  306. October 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  307. October 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  308. October 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  309. October 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  310. April 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  311. April 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  312. April 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Executive Director of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  313. February 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Bike Share of Toronto Parking Authority, an Employee of Local Board.
  314. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Bike Share of Toronto Parking Authority, an Employee of Local Board.
  315. October 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  316. October 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  317. April 22, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  318. April 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Planning and Advocacy Manager of Toronto Financial District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  319. October 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Urban Planning Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  320. April 28, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Urban Planning Manager of Toronto Entertainment District BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  321. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Acting Director, Transport. Infrastructure Mgmt. of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  322. February 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Acting Director, Transport. Infrastructure Mgmt. of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  323. April 15, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Acting Director, Transport. Infrastructure Mgmt. of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  324. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Acting Director, Transport. Infrastructure Mgmt. of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  325. November 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Administrative Assistant 2 of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  326. November 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Administrative Assistant 2 of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  327. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  328. April 15, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  329. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  330. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  331. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  332. June 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  333. June 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  334. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  335. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  336. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  337. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  338. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  339. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  340. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  341. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  342. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  343. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  344. April 8, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Economic Support and Recovery of Economic Development & Culture, an Employee of the City.
  345. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Economic Support and Recovery of Economic Development & Culture, an Employee of the City.
  346. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  347. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  348. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  349. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  350. February 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  351. April 15, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  352. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  353. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  354. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  355. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  356. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  357. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  358. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  359. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  360. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  361. December 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  362. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  363. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  364. February 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  365. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  366. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  367. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  368. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  369. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  370. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  371. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  372. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  373. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  374. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  375. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  376. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  377. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Director, Transportation Infrastructure Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  378. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Parks, Forestry & Recreation, an Employee of the City.
  379. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Fleet Services, an Employee of the City.
  380. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  381. December 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  382. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  383. January 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  384. January 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  385. February 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  386. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  387. February 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  388. April 15, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Cycling Infrastructure & Programs of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  389. January 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  390. January 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  391. February 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  392. May 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  393. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  394. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  395. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  396. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  397. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  398. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  399. February 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  400. February 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  401. February 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  402. February 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  403. March 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  404. April 15, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  405. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  406. May 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  407. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  408. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  409. June 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  410. June 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  411. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  412. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  413. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  414. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  415. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  416. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  417. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  418. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  419. April 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  420. October 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  421. October 23, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  422. October 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  423. October 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  424. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  425. November 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  426. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  427. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  428. December 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  429. December 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  430. December 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  431. December 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  432. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  433. January 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  434. January 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  435. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  436. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  437. February 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  438. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Transportation Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  439. October 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Program Designer (Toronto Urban Fellow) of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  440. January 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Program Designer (Toronto Urban Fellow) of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  441. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy & Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  442. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy & Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  443. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy & Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  444. May 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  445. June 10, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  446. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  447. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  448. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  449. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  450. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  451. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  452. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  453. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead Environment, Policy and Research of Environment & Energy, an Employee of the City.
  454. January 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Beautiful Streets of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  455. January 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Beautiful Streets of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  456. February 12, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Beautiful Streets of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  457. May 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Beautiful Streets of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  458. June 11, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  459. June 13, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  460. June 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  461. June 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  462. July 9, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  463. August 14, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  464. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Public Realm Section of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  465. August 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  466. August 20, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  467. August 21, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  468. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  469. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  470. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  471. September 30, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  472. October 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  473. October 8, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  474. October 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  475. October 23, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  476. October 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  477. October 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  478. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  479. November 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  480. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  481. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  482. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  483. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  484. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  485. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  486. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Policy & Research Officer of Municipal Licensing & Standards, an Employee of the City.
  487. October 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  488. October 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  489. October 23, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  490. October 25, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  491. October 28, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  492. October 29, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  493. November 1, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  494. November 5, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  495. November 26, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  496. November 27, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  497. December 2, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  498. December 3, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  499. December 4, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  500. December 16, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  501. December 24, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  502. January 6, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  503. January 7, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  504. January 10, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with, sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  505. January 17, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  506. February 4, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  507. February 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  508. February 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  509. February 20, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  510. February 26, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  511. March 2, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  512. March 5, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  513. March 19, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call, and sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  514. March 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  515. April 1, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  516. April 15, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  517. April 21, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  518. April 23, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  519. April 24, 2020, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, Public Realm Section, an Employee of the City.
  520. September 18, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Toronto Urban Fellow Research Associate of People & Equity, an Employee of the City.
  521. October 22, 2019, Chris Schafer of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Toronto Urban Fellow Research Associate of People & Equity, an Employee of the City.
  522. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  523. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Ainslie of Ward 24 Scarborough-Guildwood, a Member of Council.
  524. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  525. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ana Bailão of Ward 9 Davenport, a Member of Council.
  526. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  527. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Brad Bradford of Ward 19 Beaches-East York, a Member of Council.
  528. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  529. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Shelley Carroll of Ward 17 Don Valley North, a Member of Council.
  530. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  531. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  532. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  533. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Colle of Ward 8 Eglinton-Lawrence, a Member of Council.
  534. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  535. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gary Crawford of Ward 20 Scarborough Southwest, a Member of Council.
  536. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  537. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Joe Cressy of Ward 10 Spadina-Fort York, a Member of Council.
  538. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  539. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Filion of Ward 18 Willowdale, a Member of Council.
  540. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  541. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Fletcher of Ward 14 Toronto-Danforth, a Member of Council.
  542. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Ford of Ward 1 Etobicoke North, a Member of Council.
  543. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  544. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mark Grimes of Ward 3 Etobicoke-Lakeshore, a Member of Council.
  545. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  546. July 23, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  547. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephen Holyday of Ward 2 Etobicoke Centre, a Member of Council.
  548. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Member of Council.
  549. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  550. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Cynthia Lai of Ward 23 Scarborough North, a Member of Council.
  551. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  552. July 9, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  553. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  554. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  555. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, a Member of Council.
  556. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  557. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Josh Matlow of Ward 12 Toronto-St. Paul’s, a Member of Council.
  558. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  559. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  560. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  561. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jennifer McKelvie of Ward 25 Scarborough-Rouge Park, a Member of Council.
  562. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  563. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Denzil Minnan-Wong of Ward 16 Don Valley East, a Member of Council.
  564. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  565. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Frances Nunziata of Ward 5 York South-Weston, a Member of Council.
  566. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  567. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  568. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to James Pasternak of Ward 6 York Centre, a Member of Council.
  569. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gord Perks of Ward 4 Parkdale-High Park, a Member of Council.
  570. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Gord Perks of Ward 4 Parkdale-High Park, a Member of Council.
  571. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  572. July 3, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  573. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  574. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Perruzza of Ward 7 Humber River-Black Creek, a Member of Council.
  575. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  576. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jaye Robinson of Ward 15 Don Valley West, a Member of Council.
  577. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Michael Thompson of Ward 21 Scarborough Centre, a Member of Council.
  578. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  579. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  580. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Tory of Mayor, a Member of Council.
  581. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  582. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kristyn Wong-Tam of Ward 13 Toronto Centre, a Member of Council.
  583. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Abdullah Sherif of Councillor Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  584. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Amalia Stefanopoulos of Councillor Denzil Minnan-Wong, a Staff of Member of Council.
  585. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Anthony Ferrari of Councillor Frances Nunziata, a Staff of Member of Council.
  586. October 23, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Anthony Tersigni of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  587. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Antonette DiNovo of Councillor Paul Ainslie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  588. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ashley Mcdonald of Councillor Jaye Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  589. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  590. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  591. October 23, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  592. October 26, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  593. December 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Aytakin Mohammadi of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  594. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Carolina Vecchiarelli of Councillor Josh Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  595. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  596. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  597. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Caroline Duffy of Councillor Mike Colle, a Staff of Member of Council.
  598. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  599. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  600. December 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Daniela Magisano of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  601. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  602. December 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Edward Birnbaum of Mayor Tory, a Staff of Member of Council.
  603. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Hector Alonso of Councillor James Pasternak, a Staff of Member of Council.
  604. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  605. July 3, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Jessica Pointon of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  606. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to John Sinclair of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  607. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Karen Duffy of Councillor Gord Perks, a Staff of Member of Council.
  608. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Kim Edgar of Councillor Mark Grimes, a Staff of Member of Council.
  609. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lesley Burlie of Councillor Jaye Robinson, a Staff of Member of Council.
  610. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lia Brewer of Councillor Joe Cressy, a Staff of Member of Council.
  611. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Lorraine Hewitt of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  612. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Maham Aqil of Councillor Gary Crawford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  613. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  614. July 7, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  615. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Matias de Dovitiis of Councillor Anthony Perruzza, a Staff of Member of Council.
  616. October 7, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to, Teleconference Michael Giles of Councillor Ana Bailão, a Staff of Member of Council.
  617. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Nikolaos Mantas of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, a Staff of Member of Council.
  618. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paul Bieksa of Councillor Brad Bradford, a Staff of Member of Council.
  619. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Paula Goncalves of Councillor Cynthia Lai, a Staff of Member of Council.
  620. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Robyn Bidgood of Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam, a Staff of Member of Council.
  621. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Lo of Councillor Shelley Carroll, a Staff of Member of Council.
  622. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sarah Barber of Councillor John Filion, a Staff of Member of Council.
  623. July 8, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  624. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  625. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  626. March 1, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  627. March 4, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  628. March 9, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  629. March 10, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., made a telephone call to Scott Morphet of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  630. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Sheila Henderson of Councillor Stephen Holyday, a Staff of Member of Council.
  631. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Slavisa Mijatovic of Councillor Josh Matlow, a Staff of Member of Council.
  632. July 2, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  633. July 9, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  634. July 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  635. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Stephanie Nakitsas of Councillor Mike Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  636. July 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Susan Serran of Councillor Paula Fletcher, a Staff of Member of Council.
  637. October 8, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Executive Director of Yonge + St. Clair BIA, an Employee of Local Board.
  638. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  639. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  640. October 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  641. December 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to General Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  642. July 30, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  643. August 21, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  644. September 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  645. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  646. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  647. September 30, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  648. January 20, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  649. April 9, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  650. April 11, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Strategic Policy and Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  651. July 30, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  652. August 21, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  653. September 10, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  654. September 12, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  655. September 14, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  656. September 30, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  657. December 15, 2020, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  658. January 20, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  659. January 29, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  660. January 30, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  661. April 9, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  662. April 11, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Senior Project Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  663. January 20, 2021, Jonathan Hopkins of Neutron Holdings Inc., Teleconference Senior Public Consultation Coordinator of Policy, Planning, Finance & Administration, an Employee of the City.
  664. March 13, 2019, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Jim Karygiannis of Ward 22 Scarborough-Agincourt, an Member of Council.
  665. March 13, 2019, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Mike Layton of Ward 11 University-Rosedale, an Member of Council.
  666. February 6, 2020, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., sent an e-mail to Ryan Pyne of Councillor Jennifer McKelvie, a Staff of Member of Council.
  667. March 13, 2019, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Stephanie Nakitas of Office of Councillor Layton, a Staff of Member of Council.
  668. March 13, 2019, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Coordinator Bicycle Safety Education of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  669. March 13, 2019, Thomas Alif of Neutron Holdings Inc., met with Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.

 Populus Technologies Inc.

  1. October 1, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  2. October 9, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  3. October 18, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  4. March 5, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  5. June 17, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  6. June 22, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  7. June 23, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online Met with Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  8. January 23, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  9. June 1, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  10. June 16, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  11. June 18, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  12. June 23, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online Met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  13. July 2, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  14. July 16, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  15. June 5, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  16. June 10, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  17. March 5, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  18. September 27, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  19. October 1, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  20. October 9, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  21. October 18, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  22. January 23, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  23. February 14, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  24. February 28, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  25. March 5, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  26. March 9, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  27. March 24, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  28. April 15, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  29. April 16, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  30. May 8, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  31. May 19, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  32. May 27, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online met with Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  33. June 10, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  34. June 16, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  35. June 17, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  36. June 22, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  37. October 1, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  38. October 9, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  39. October 18, 2019, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  40. February 14, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  41. February 28, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  42. March 5, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  43. June 17, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  44. June 22, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  45. September 18, 2020, Regina Clewlow, Senior Officer of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  46. October 1, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  47. October 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Made a telephone call to, Web based Call Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  48. October 18, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  49. December 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  50. January 22, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  51. January 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  52. March 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  53. June 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Met with, Online Met with Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  54. September 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  55. September 15, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  56. September 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  57. October 13, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  58. November 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  59. December 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  60. December 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  61. December 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  62. February 16, 2021, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  63. January 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  64. June 1, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  65. June 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  66. June 18, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  67. June 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Met with, Online Met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  68. July 2, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  69. July 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  70. September 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  71. September 15, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  72. September 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  73. October 13, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  74. November 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  75. December 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  76. December 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  77. December 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  78. February 16, 2021, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  79. June 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Met with, Online met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  80. June 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  81. September 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  82. March 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  83. December 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Program Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  84. December 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Program Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  85. December 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Program Manager of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  86. September 27, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  87. October 1, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  88. October 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Made a telephone call to, Web based Call Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  89. October 18, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  90. December 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  91. January 22, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  92. January 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  93. February 14, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  94. February 26, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  95. February 28, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  96. March 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  97. March 9, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  98. March 24, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  99. April 15, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  100. April 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  101. May 8, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  102. May 19, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  103. May 27, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Met with, Online Met with Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  104. June 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  105. June 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  106. September 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  107. September 15, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  108. September 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  109. October 13, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  110. November 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  111. December 10, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  112. December 16, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  113. December 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  114. January 12, 2021, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  115. February 16, 2021, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  116. September 5, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  117. September 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  118. September 10, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  119. September 13, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  120. September 25, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  121. October 1, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  122. October 18, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  123. December 9, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  124. December 23, 2019, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  125. January 22, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  126. January 23, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  127. February 14, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  128. February 28, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  129. March 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  130. July 22, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  131. September 18, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  132. November 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  133. January 12, 2021, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  134. February 5, 2020, Stephanie Seki of Populus Technologies, Inc., Sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  135. September 13, 2019, Malia Schiling of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  136. September 25, 2019, Malia Schiling of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  137. October 9, 2019, Eliot Mueting of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  138. October 9, 2019, Eliot Mueting of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  139. October 9, 2019, Eliot Mueting of Populus Technologies, Inc., made a telephone call to, Web based Call Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  140. March 5, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  141. June 23, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online Met withs Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  142. September 10, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  143. September 15, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  144. September 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  145. October 13, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Data & Analytics of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  146. January 23, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  147. June 1, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  148. June 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  149. June 18, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  150. June 23, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online Met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  151. July 2, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  152. July 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  153. September 10, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  154. September 15, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  155. September 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  156. October 13, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  157. June 5, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online met with Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  158. June 10, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Operational Policy & Innovation of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  159. March 5, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Manager, Street Furniture Management of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  160. January 23, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  161. February 14, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  162. February 26, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  163. February 28, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  164. March 5, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  165. March 9, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  166. March 24, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  167. April 15, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  168. April 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  169. May 8, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  170. May 19, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  171. May 27, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., met with, Online Met with Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  172. June 10, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  173. June 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  174. September 10, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  175. September 15, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  176. September 16, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  177. October 13, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Lead, Big Data Innovation Team of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  178. February 14, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  179. February 28, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.
  180. March 5, 2020, Rodney Stiles of Populus Technologies, Inc., sent an e-mail to Project Officer, Pedestrian Projects of Transportation Services, an Employee of the City.



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As The Ford Government Back-Pedals and Scrambles to Re-Invent Its Response to the COVID-19 Crisis, Will It Make Public and Fix Its Disability-Discriminatory Critical Care Triage Plans?


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

As The Ford Government Back-Pedals and Scrambles to Re-Invent Its Response to the COVID-19 Crisis, Will It Make Public and Fix Its Disability-Discriminatory Critical Care Triage Plans?

April 22, 2021

            SUMMARY

The Ford Government appears shell-shocked, as it flip-flops, back-tracks and scrambles to respond to the imminent threat that Ontario will run out of space and staff to deliver life-saving critical care to all patients who need it.

Here are yet more recent developments in the non-partisan campaign to try to ensure that people with disabilities will not face disability discrimination in access to life-saving critical care, if that care is rationed or “triaged.” Regrettably, the Government has shown no willingness to lift the fog of secrecy over its critical care triage plans, to talk directly to disability advocates and organizations about it, or to fix the serious problems with its critical care triage protocol and plans.

1. The Latest Developments in a Nutshell

  1. On Tuesday night, April 20, 2021, a very successful online virtual public forum was held to discuss the critical care triage issue as it affects people with disabilities. Key speakers were AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky and ARCH Disability Law Centre Executive Director Robert Lattanzio. We are thrilled that an impressive 280 people took part. They got action tips on how to help with our fight against the danger of disability discrimination in critical care triage, if triage takes place.

We all wish there was more time to take all the questions that so many wanted to ask. A huge thank you goes to all who helped organize this event, and all who took the time to attend it.

  1. The disability objections to Ontario’s controversial critical care triage protocol and plans were raised on Tuesday, April 20 and Wednesday April 21, 2021 in the Ontario Legislature’s Question Period. Below, you can read these exchanges and our reflections on them.
  1. On Wednesday, April 21, 2022, Ontario New Democratic Party disabilities critic Joel Harden held a virtual Queen’s Park news conference, focusing on disability objections to Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and plans. The speakers that MPP Harden invited to make remarks included AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky, ARCH Disability Law Centre legal counsel Mariam Shanouda, and Disability Justice Network of Ontario co-founder Sarah Jama. The AODA Alliance appreciated the opportunity to contribute to this event. As a non-partisan coalition, we take part in news conferences convened by any of the political parties to which we are invited, where the event provides a helpful platform to raise our issues.

Arising out of this well-attended news conference, the NDP issued a news release on April 21, 2022, set out below. It includes a quotation from AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky setting out our position. It includes quotations from the other speakers as well.

  1. The influential publication QP Briefing ran a strong article on April 21, 2021, arising from that day’s news conference. We set it out below.
  2. The April 22, 2021 online edition of the Ottawa Citizen includes a guest column on the triage issue by NDP disabilities critic Joel Harden. We also provide it for you in this Update.

2. Yet More Reflections on Ongoing Ford Government Failure to Respond to Our Disability Concerns with Its Critical Care Triage Protocol and Plans

  1. We have gotten more and more feedback from people with disabilities about the critical care triage disability objections. We keep hearing that people are frightened and angry. As if the COVID-19 pandemic was not bad enough, this issue makes them feel even more vulnerable and at risk.

At the same time, the message we all hear from the public around Ontario over the past six days has been louder than ever: The Ford Government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic needs a major re-think, and fast. We’ve added that this rapid re-think needs to include Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and plans.

  1. In the Legislature’s Question Period this week, the Ford Government offered the public evasions and contradictions on this issue.

On Tuesday, April 20, 2021, Health Minister Christine Elliott made a statement that many understood as denying that there even is an Ontario critical care triage protocol.  She stated:

“I think one thing is really important, Speaker, and I would say to the member opposite, through you, that the speaker is alleging that there is a triage protocol in place in Ontario. There is not; there is not.”

This, of course, would contradict the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol, which has been posted on the AODA Alliance website for three months. It would contradict the January 23, 2021 online webinar provided by Critical Care Services Ontario which tries to convince doctors to ready themselves to use that protocol if it becomes necessary. It would contradict the interview on the April 21, 2021 CBC Ottawa Morning radio program in which Dr. James Downar, the author or co-author of that protocol, defended it.

On Twitter, a number of members of the public angrily denounced the Minister’s statement. The next day, April 21, 2021, Health Minister Christine Elliott acknowledged that there is a critical care triage protocol, but said it has not yet gone into operation. She stated:

“I can certainly advise the member that no triage protocol has been activated or approved by the government of Ontario.

There have been discussions. I understand that there were a number of disability groups that were concerned with respect to a previous draft that was prepared earlier this year. That was then reviewed with the human rights commission. There have been a number of discussions about modifications to it. But nothing has been activated, nothing has been approved by this government.”

  1. The Health Minister said that there were objections from disability groups to an earlier draft of the critical care triage protocol. That is true. However, we have repeatedly made public that we also object to the most recent version of it, the one issued to hospitals dated January 13, 2021.
  2. Also in the Legislature, the Ford Government refused to answer a clear, simple and direct question on what instructions regarding critical care triage have been given to ambulance crews. In Question Period on April 21, 2021, MPP Joel Harden asked Health Minister Elliott:

“Speaker, I want to ask the minister, who is very well versed in these issues: What instructions have been sent out and drafted to emergency medical technicians, ambulance services or health professionals about who will live and who will die in our ICUs?”

The Minister’s response did not answer this important question. The AODA Alliance asked the Health Minister the same thing two months ago in our February 25, 2021 letter to her. The Government has never answered that question or that letter.

In Health Minister Elliott’s April 21, 2021 answer in Question Period, an impression may be created that the Government has been consulting on the critical care triage protocol. No one has consulted us on the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol.

  1. In its defence, the Ford Government said it is now reaching out to others outside Ontario, to see if they can bring more doctors, nurses and other needed health professionals to help out in Ontario’s intensive care units. This is a much-needed measure. It could avert the need for any critical care triage.

However, we must ask why the Ford Government was not doing this weeks and months ago, when it was given ample early warning that Ontario was at risk of critical care overload. Had it done so, we would not be facing the imminent danger we now are confronting. The Ford Government could have had in place detailed emergency plans to shuttle health care professionals to Ontario, with prior clearances from the relevant licensing bodies so they can work here in this emergency. This further illustrates Ontario’s failure to properly prepare.

For more information on these issues, visit the AODA Alliance website’s health care page.

            MORE DETAILS

Ontario Hansard April 20, 2021

Question Period

COVID-19 RESPONSE

Ms. Sara Singh: My question is for the Premier. For months, experts including members of the Premier’s own science table have been sounding the alarm about dangerously high ICU levels, and today we learned that there are over 760 people fighting for their lives in Ontario ICUs, Speaker.

But the Premier failed to act. They failed to implement paid sick days. They failed to vaccinate workers in hot spots, and now ICUs in communities like Brampton are overflowing. Pediatric hospitals are sacrificing their beds. Patients are being transferred to hospitals around the province outside of their communities, and doctors and nurses are being put in the horrific position of having to make decisions on who will receive life-saving supports and who will not.

Speaker, why—with all of the evidence in front of this government; all of the warnings from their own science tables and medical experts—does this government continue to ignore the crisis in our ICUs?

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Minister of Health.

Hon. Christine Elliott: We have been listening to the experts all along. We have been listening to their evidence. I think one thing is really important, Speaker, and I would say to the member opposite, through you, that the speaker is alleging that there is a triage protocol in place in Ontario. There is not; there is not.

What we are doing is building capacity in our hospitals. We are making sure there are two aspects to what we need to deal with here. We need to blunt the transmission of COVID-19 in communities, as well as, right now, we need to build capacity in our hospitals, which are we are doing.

We are in contact with the CEOs of the hospitals on virtually a daily basis. They are working very hard to create spaces.

We are creating capacity so that everyone in Ontario who needs to be admitted to hospital and needs to be in an intensive care bed will have a bed available for them.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Supplementary?

Ms. Sara Singh: Mr. Speaker, with all due respect to the Minister of Health, that response shows us how out of touch with reality this minister is. Doctors are sounding the alarm bells and this government continues to ignore their pleas for help. The government is following a pattern of denying the problem and acting too late.

Now the government is begging other provinces for help, but refusing the federal government’s assistance and the assistance of the Red Cross. Speaker, health care systems in other provinces are also fighting COVID-19. They need their health care workers just as much as we do. It was this Premier’s responsibility and this Minister of Health’s responsibility to help protect people here in Ontario, and they failed to do that at every step of the pandemic.

This is a national and global failure and it is upsetting and heartbreaking to know that they could have acted and they chose not to. With months to plan for this crisis, why did this Premier fail to address the issues causing ICU capacity to rise, and why does the government think it’s another government’s responsibility to come and clean up their mess?

Interjections.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): I’ll ask members to please take their seats and allow the Minister of Health to reply.

Hon. Christine Elliott: Again, through you, Mr. Speaker, I would say to the member opposite that what you’re suggesting is simply not the case. Since the beginning of this pandemic, we have been working hard to make sure that we have both the health human resources—

Ms. Sara Singh: Why are people dying?

Hon. Christine Elliott: —and the physical capacity in order to deal with what’s been happening. We have created—

Interjection.

Hon. Christine Elliott: I don’t know if the member opposite really wants to hear me, she’s—

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): I’m going to ask the Minister of Health to take her seat.

Interjections.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): I’m going to ask the member for Brampton Centre to come to order. I’m going to ask the government House leader to come to order.

Interjection.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Always innocent.

I’m going to recognize the Minister of Health to conclude her response.

Hon. Christine Elliott: Thank you, Speaker. To continue, since the beginning of this pandemic, we have created over 3,100 new hospital beds, which is the equivalent of six new community hospitals. We have also added 14% to intensive care capacity, which is significant in the context of this pandemic.

We have also added resources in order to be able to deal with the health human resources that we need. We have allowed for the deployment of people from one sector to another.

Finally, I would say with respect to what’s happening with other provinces and other organizations coming in to help us, we’re very grateful for the help that’s being offered by the other provinces and we’re very grateful to the federal government for their offer of assistance from the Red Cross as well. We know that we need help right now. We have the physical capacity. We need some more health human resources and we are using those resources to make sure everyone who needs help will get help in our hospitals.

Ontario Hansard April 21, 2021

Question Period

COVID-19 RESPONSE

Mr. Joel Harden: My question is to the Minister of Health. As many people have already raised this morning, our ICUs are near the breaking point. We’re getting close to 100 patients now being treated in our ICUs, but despite this fact, the government has refused to make public its plans for critical care triage in those ICUs. We don’t know. People with disabilities and their loved ones and advocacy organizations still don’t know what has been negotiated in secret and what actually will happen when those life-and-death decisions take place but, at home, Dr. David Neilipovitz, the ICU director at the Ottawa Hospital told CBC News, “It would be naïve for us to think that triage or changes in the standard of care have not already come about.” Let’s think about that.

Yesterday, the minister rose in this House and said there is no clinical triage protocol, but we know that hospitals received one on January 13. We also know that a training was done for medical professionals on YouTube on the 23rd of January.

Speaker, I want to ask the minister, who is very well versed in these issues: What instructions have been sent out and drafted to emergency medical technicians, ambulance services or health professionals about who will live and who will die in our ICUs?

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Minister of health.

Hon. Christine Elliott: I can certainly advise the member that no triage protocol has been activated or approved by the government of Ontario.

There have been discussions. I understand that there were a number of disability groups that were concerned with respect to a previous draft that was prepared earlier this year. That was then reviewed with the human rights commission. There have been a number of discussions about modifications to it. But nothing has been activated, nothing has been approved by this government.

What we are doing instead is to create the capacity so that we can care for all the patients that come into our hospital, whether they’re COVID patients or emergency patients that come in otherwise. We have created over 3,100 beds since this pandemic began, increased our intensive care capacity by 14%.

We are looking at bringing in other health professionals from other provinces and other countries so that, notwithstanding having the creation of those spaces, we will also have the health human resources in order to be able to operate them safely, carefully and professionally.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): The supplementary question.

Mr. Joel Harden: Earlier today, I was joined by disability rights leaders for a media conference, all of whom are calling upon this government to make public its plans for critical care triage. Speaker, I know this minister served as Patient Ombudsperson for this province for years and knows full well that every patient, physiotypical, neurotypical or not, has a right to their care at the point of service. But the minister also should know that hospitals got a critical triage protocol on January 13, that a training has been conducted. So I must admit my extreme frustration that today, when our ICUs are nearing capacity, we are still hearing, “There are no plans.”

Speaker, let me say very clearly for this House, “I didn’t know,” at this point: not an acceptable answer. “I was just following orders,” at this point: not an acceptable answer. “Please forgive me” to disabled patients and their loved ones: not an acceptable answer.

Will you make sure that people with disabilities are not discriminated against in the ICUs: yes or no?

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Again, I’ll ask the members to make their comments through the Chair. The Minister of Health to respond.

Hon. Christine Elliott: The rights of people with disabilities has been one of my strongest passions since I got to this place 15 years ago, and I don’t need to take any instructions from anybody—

Ms. Andrea Horwath: Ha!

Hon. Christine Elliott: —including the leader of the official opposition, about this issue. I have always stood up for the rights of people with disabilities—

Interjections.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Order. Opposition, come to order. The member for Northumberland–Peterborough South, come to order.

The Minister of Health, please reply.

Hon. Christine Elliott: The rights of people with disabilities have been one of the issues that we have cared about and dealt with as part of this entire pandemic. The rights of people with disabilities are equally as important as the rights of anybody else. That is something that I’ve always stood by, that

I always will stand by. I can assure the member opposite that no triage protocol has been approved. A draft was circulated in January. That was not approved by this government. It was something that had been discussed. But I understand that the rights of people with disabilities have been brought forward. I asked them—

Interjections.

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): The member for Ottawa Centre, come to order. The member for Hamilton West–Ancaster–Dundas, come to order.

The minister, please conclude her response.

Hon. Christine Elliott: I asked that this issue be dealt with, with the people with disabilities groups, as well as with the Ontario Human Rights Commission. There have been numerous discussions, but nothing has been activated yet, and I can assure you nothing has been approved at this point. We are working to make sure—

The Speaker (Hon. Ted Arnott): Thank you. The next question.

QP Briefing April 21, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.qpbriefing.com/2021/04/21/solicitor-general-brushes-off-disability-advocate-concerns-about-triage-protocol/

SOLICITOR GENERAL BRUSHES OFF DISABILITY ADVOCATE CONCERNS ABOUT TRIAGE PROTOCOL

Home Health And COVID-19 Solicitor General Brushes Off Disability Advocate Concerns About Triage Protocol

Solicitor general brushes off disability advocate concerns about triage protocol

Asked about concerns raised by disability advocates for months that the provincial triage guidelines discriminate against them, Ontario’s solicitor general got upset.

“There is no triage protocol being used,” Sylvia Jones said, cutting off the question from QP Briefing. “I am very frustrated that you continue to suggest that there is a triage protocol in place in the province of Ontario in our hospitals. Talk to the hospital CEOs, talk to the minister of health. It is not accurate.”

Jones and Health Minister Christine Elliott said the government has not approved a plan for deciding who lives and who dies should Ontario intensive care units run out of life-saving equipment.

But while it has not been officially triggered, the preparation for the nightmare scenario is real.

Hospitals received training on draft guidelines, which leaked in January, and are preparing to use them.

Doctors and nurses have told reporters that due to rising case counts in the third wave of COVID-19, triage decisions could be days away. Some say that while the protocol has not been implemented, decisions to ration or triage care are already happening, including the cancellation of scheduled surgeries.

And advocates for people with disabilities say they worry that if and when the time comes, they will be seen as less deserving of care than someone without disabilities, because of two key parts of the protocol.

One is the inclusion of the “clinical frailty scale,” which outlines how dependent people are on others to live their lives.

It “asks questions like, can you get dressed yourself, without assistance? Can you go grocery shopping without assistance? Can you use a telephone without assistance?” said Mariam Shanouda, a lawyer with Toronto’s ARCH Disability Law Centre. “And if you answer no, I can’t do any of these things without assistance, then you are less likely to access critical care. This is disability discrimination in a nutshell.”

The other major issue is that doctors are asked to estimate patients’ likelihood of surviving the next 12 months. That timeline is too long, advocates say, and could force medical staff to “guesstimate”

“Guessing is not science,” said David Lepofsky, chair of the AODA Alliance. “And it doesn’t become science because the person doing it, or who’s being mandated to do it, has a white coat on and a stethoscope.”

Another issue is that advocates don’t know whether the protocol from January is unchanged, or whether a new version is being prepared. Lepofsky said the government refuses to answer any of his calls.

“The solution is for the government to immediately make public their step-by-step plan for rolling this out, which they obviously have, so we can know what they’re planning to do,” he said.

The Ministry of Health should speak directly to disability advocacy groups like his, “so we can have input into this, rather than having to communicate with the human shields behind whom they’re hiding, such as the Bioethics Table,” he said.

And each hospital that’s done a triaging drill should make the results of that drill public, “so the public can know how much these simulations for triage might vary, depending on which hospital you happen to go to,” Lepofsky said.

Opposition leaders also called for transparency.

Green Leader Mike Schreiner said he shares the concerns of disability advocates, and argued the government should release the guidelines publicly.

He also noted that ODSP payments have not gone up recently, despite the fact that “Ontarians with disabilities have borne a disproportionate burden in this pandemic.”

Liberal health critic John Fraser said Ontario is “dangerously close to asking clinicians to decide who gets care and who doesn’t. The government needs to be open and transparent about the status of the triage protocol. I think the disability advocates have a legitimate concern. The government should have been listening from the start and needs to engage with them now.”

In question period on Wednesday, Joel Harden, the NDP critic for accessibility and persons with disabilities, quoted Dr. David Neilipovitz, the ICU director at the Ottawa Hospital, who told CBC: “‘It would be naive for us to think that triage or changes in the standard of care have not already come about.’ Let’s think about that,” he said.

“Yesterday, the minister rose in this house and said there is no clinical triage protocol, but we know that hospitals received one on January 13. We also know that a training was done for medical professionals on YouTube on the 23rd of January. Speaker, I want to ask the minister, who is very well versed in these issues: what instructions have been sent out and drafted to emergency medical technicians, ambulance services or health professionals about who will live and who will die in our ICUs?”

Elliott repeated that there is no official triage protocol yet.

“There have been discussions,” she said. “I understand that there were a number of disability groups that were concerned with respect to a previous draft that was prepared earlier this year. That was then reviewed with the human rights commission. There have been a number of discussions about modifications to it. But nothing has been activated, nothing has been approved by this government.”

It was indeed reviewed with the Ontario Human Rights Commission in December, but the organization still disapproves. Chief Commissioner Ena Chadha sent a letter to Elliott in March outlining concerns with the draft protocol and called on the government to publicly release it.

Harden said “there are no plans” is “not an acceptable answer.”

Elliott disagreed.

“The rights of people with disabilities has been one of my strongest passions since I got to this place 15 years ago,” she said, “and I don’t need to take any instructions from anybody—”

NDP Leader Andrea Horwath interjected, “Ha!”

“—including the leader of the Official Opposition, about this issue,” Elliott finished.

Ottawa Citizen Online April 22, 2021

Originally posted at https://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/harden-ontarios-covid-triage-protocol-must-respect-rights-of-the-disabled

Opinion Columnists

Harden: Ontario’s COVID triage protocol must respect rights of the disabled

Just over a year ago, 200+ community organizations urged the Ford government to remove disability discrimination from the triage guidance. The response so far: silence.

Joel Harden

The Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario is accepting adult critical care patients due to the growing severity of the COVID-19 crisis. PHOTO BY ERROL MCGIHON /Errol McGihon

These are perilous times in Ontario. On April 16, 2021, a record-breaking 4,812 new COVID-19 cases were recorded.

At the moment, more than 750 patients are being treated in Ontario’s ICUs. For the first time in its 47-year history, the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario is accepting adult COVID-19 patients who require critical care.

There is a real possibility that by the end of the month, hospitals will have to ration or “triage” critical care due to surging COVID case counts. Triage refers to how hospitals will decide who gets life-saving care if ICUs are overwhelmed with COVID patients and they run out of beds.

Along with disability and human rights leaders, I am deeply concerned that the Doug Ford government’s current clinical triage protocol includes disability discrimination, and hasn’t been developed with adequate consultation.

What’s wrong with the triage protocol that was circulated to hospitals on Jan. 13, 2021? Firstly, it includes a “clinical frailty scale,” meaning that a patient over the age of 65 with a progressive disease (Alzheimers, Muscular Dystrophy etc.) will be evaluated based on how they can perform 11 different activities of daily living without assistance. This is blatantly discriminatory against people with disabilities, millions of whom require varying degrees of assistance to live their fullest lives.

Secondly, it includes criteria that assess the patient’s likelihood of mortality one year from their admission to hospital. Even ICU doctors have conceded that such assessments are “guesstimates” rather than an exact science. This leaves the door open to subjective judgments about a person’s quality of life that could discriminate against people with disabilities, as opposed to a shorter-term assessment of mortality.

No one is suggesting that Ontario shouldn’t have a triage protocol in place if ICUs are filled to maximum capacity. What we are saying is that the protocol must respect human rights and the rule of law. It also needs to be discussed openly and transparently, but this government has taken the opposite approach.

Members of the government’s own bioethics table have criticized the secrecy with which the government has been handling its approach to clinical triage. Noting that the process must be “informed, transparent, inclusive, reasonable and subject to revision in light of new information or legitimate concerns or claims,” they believe that Ontario has failed to meet these requirements.

News media have also reported that the Ford government is considering suspending parts of the Health Care Consent Act (HCCA), which requires doctors to obtain consent from a patient or their substitute decision maker before they withdraw critical care.

It is unacceptable for the government to make life-and-death decisions by a secret memo. If they are considering suspending the HCCA, they must make the details public and have a proper debate in the legislature.

Just over a year ago, 200+ community organizations wrote to the Ford government urging it to remove disability discrimination from the province’s triage protocol. For more than a year, the government has been aware of these concerns and had ample time to consult with disability and human rights leaders in developing its clinical triage protocol.

How has the Ford government responded? With complete silence. It has ignored direct appeals from disability groups, the Ontario Human Rights Commission and the opposition, all of whom have expressed concerns with the Jan. 13 “emergency standard of care” triage protocol.

What message does this send to the 2.6 million people with disabilities who live in Ontario? People with disabilities are more likely to get COVID-19, and to be seriously impacted by the virus. This government must assure them that they won’t face any discrimination in the awful event that triage becomes necessary.

It’s time to stop the secrecy surrounding critical care triage. It’s time for the Ford government to remove disability discrimination from its clinical triage protocol.

Joel Harden is the NDP MPP for Ottawa Centre and opposition critic, accessibility and persons with disabilities.

New Democratic Party April 21, 2021 News Release

NDP MPP Joel Harden, disability rights advocates call on Ford to remove disability discrimination from triage protocol

QUEENS PARK — MPP Joel Harden (Ottawa Centre), the NDP’s critic for Accessibility and Persons with Disabilities, called on the Ford government to withdraw disability discrimination from Ontario’s clinical triage protocol and immediately hold a public consultation on how care will be triaged if ICUs become too overwhelmed to fully treat everyone.

Harden was joined at a Wednesday morning press conference by David Lepofsky, Chair of the AODA Alliance, Sarah Jama, Co-founder of the Disability Justice Network of Ontario, and Mariam Shanouda, Staff Lawyer at ARCH Disability Law Centre, all of whom are expressing deep concerns about the protocol and the secrecy surrounding it.

“We should never have gotten to the point where critical care triage became a possibility, but the Ford government’s choice to put money and politics ahead of public health has brought ICUs to the breaking point,” said Harden. “The government must remove disability discrimination from its triage protocol, and assure people with disabilities that they won’t be deprioritized for life-saving critical care.”

The Ford government continues to ignore human rights concerns raised by disability rights leaders, and the Ontario Human Rights Commission about its approach to clinical triage. They have not held open consultations, and it was disability organizations and the opposition, not the government, that made public the January 13, 2021 triage protocol which was sent to hospitals.

“This entire process has been cloaked in secrecy,” said Harden. “That’s wrong, and it’s time for the government to stop making life-and-death decisions behind closed doors.”

Quotes:

David Lepofsky, Chair, AODA Alliance
“Our non-partisan grassroots coalition agrees that Ontario must be prepared for the possibility of critical care triage, but Ontario’s plan must include a triage protocol, mandated by the Legislature, that does not violate the Charter of Rights or the Ontario Human Rights Code by discriminating against people with disabilities or denying them due process. They have already disproportionately suffered the hardships of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

 

Sarah Jama, Co-founder, Disability Justice Network of Ontario
“We are in a time of deep crisis, and need to offer paid sick days and increase social assistance rates for community members without work from home jobs, or a safety net. But rather than make these preventative policy decisions, our government has created conditions where doctors must rank who gets to live and who gets to die.”

 

Mariam Shanouda, Staff Lawyer, ARCH Disability Law Centre
“Health care, including critical care during a pandemic, must be available free from unlawful discrimination. This is a life and death non-partisan issue. The choice must not be whether we have no triage plan or one that discriminates. And let’s be clear, the current plan is discriminatory and will disproportionately impact persons with disabilities who have already disproportionately experienced devastating consequences from this pandemic.”



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National CBC News Covers Disability Discrimination Problems with Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Protocol — Protocol’s Defenders Make Transparently Bogus Arguments to Defend It


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

National CBC News Covers Disability Discrimination Problems with Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Protocol — Protocol’s Defenders Make Transparently Bogus Arguments to Defend It

April 20, 2021

            SUMMARY

Over the past week, media coverage of disability discrimination objections to the Ford Government’s critical care triage plans has ramped up. It is fuelled by the frightening rise in new COVID-19 cases and the overload crisis in Ontario intensive care units (ICUs). Here is the latest and some reflections on the bogus arguments that have been made by the defenders of the Governments triage plans. When such obviously bogus arguments are made, it is clear they have no stronger defence to offer for their actions.

This recent news makes it clear that denial of life-saving critical care could well be going on now, a terrifying thought since the Ford Government has not approved critical care triage to begin. In the April 18, 2021 edition of CBC TV’s “The National”, addressed further below, Dr. David Neilipovitz ICU director at the Ottawa Hospital, stated, in the context of ambulance attendants withholding critical care:

“…It would be naïve for us to think that triage or changes in standard of care have not already in effect come about.”

(Note: Full quotation later in this Update)

This recent media reporting also confirms a serious concern we raised most recently almost two months ago, and earlier, fully one year ago. In Ontario, if critical care triage takes place, life-saving critical care may not only be refused to a patient who needs it by doctors in ICUs, but as well, by ambulance crews, long before the patient reaches the hospital, when the ambulance arrives at your home or office in response to an emergency call.

This is even more terrifying. Read on for the details.

 1. The Latest Media Coverage

  1. As a major step forward, on Sunday evening, April 18, 2021, CBC TV’s national newscast “The National” included a lengthy 7-minute report on Ontario’s critical care triage protocol and our objections to it. Seven minutes on a national newscast is a big deal. This is the news story that exposed the danger of ambulance crews, and not just doctors, denying life-saving critical care to a patient if triage is directed for Ontario. You can watch it online at any time at http://www.cbc.ca/player/play/1887030339766

Related to this, CBC News online posted a major story on this issue on April 19, 2021. We set it out below. Below you will also find reflections on both of these reports where the bogus arguments in defence of Ontario’s critical care triage plans can be found.

  1. On Thursday April 15, 2021, CBC Radio Thunder Bay’s Superior Morning and CBC Radio’s Ontario Morning each included interviews with AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky. On Friday, April 16, 2021, he was interviewed on this topic on CBC Radio Windsor’s Windsor Morning, CBC Radio Toronto’s Metro Morning, and CBC Radio London’s London Morning. The Superior Morning interview is available on CBC’s website any time

We were invited on five of CBC’s eight morning radio programs in Ontario to address this issue. We’d be happy to oblige the other three programs! They just have to contact us at [email protected]

  1. On April 14, 2021, the National Post ran an article on the critical care triage issue, briefly referencing the AODA Alliance objections. We set it out below.
  1. On April 13, 2021, AODA Alliance Chair David Lepofsky was interviewed on Dahlia Kurtz’s new Canada-wide program on Sirius XM Radio. We were delighted to be part of that program’s first week on the air.
  1. On Tuesday, April 13, 2021, David Lepofsky was interviewed on this topic by journalist Karlene Nation on Sauga Radio in Mississauga.
  1. On Monday, April 12, 2021, David Lepofsky was also interviewed on this topic on AMI Radio, a service of Accessible Media. This interview is available on AMI’s website.

Amidst all this coverage, we are eager for other media outlets to step up. For example, the Toronto Star and Global News earlier covered this issue, but have not covered it in months. We are always ready to give them any help we can.

Our objections to Ontario’s critical care triage protocol are also getting extensive attention on social media. The AODA Alliance and others have been busy tweeting on Twitter on this topic. We are getting Many retweets and supportive messages, including from people with no prior connection to the AODA Alliance. Please retweet our tweets. Follow @aodaalliance

On Twitter, some members of Doug Ford’s own Bioethics Table have echoed our concerns with the critical care triage protocol. Here are the relevant parts of two examples:

  1. @LisaSchwartz224: Supporting this request from @DavidLepofsky as explained in https://healthydebate.ca/opinions/icu-triage/ @sanixto @lforman @PMCEthics @PandemicEthics

@DavidLepofsky: @BillBlair @RosieBarton @ONgov So @fordnation Doug Ford, while you’re at it, how about also pulling back your disability-discriminatory #CriticalCare #triage protocol & your Government’s refusal to meet with us to address major human disability concerns? #accessibility #OnHealth #onpoli

Alison K Thompson @PandemicEthics: The Ontario COVID-19 Science Table members and the Bioethics Table members have collectively given thousands of hour of labour pro bono to @FordNation on behalf of Ontarians. I wish I had realized earlier that we were just window dressing….

 2. CBC Confirms Danger that Critical Care Triage May Be Undertaken By Ambulance Crews Before a Patient Even Reaches Hospital

The national news story that ran on the April 18, 2021 edition of CBC’s The National established for the first time that we have seen in the media that critical care triage can include emergency medical technicians (EMTs) refusing life-saving care to a patient before they even get to the hospital. We earlier warned about this danger. For example, EMTs arriving at your home to respond to a medical emergency may not resuscitate some patients. This would be appalling.

In the April 18, 2021 edition of CBC TV’s The National, Dr. David Neilipovitz ICU director at the Ottawa Hospital had this exchange on camera:

“CBC: Will you get into a situation where ambulance attendants are told ‘Don’t intubate anyone?’

Dr. David Neilipovitz: Yeah, that can happen. It would be naïve for us to think that triage or changes in standard of care have not already in effect come about.”

We wrote Health Minister Christine Elliott about this worrisome danger back on February 25, 2021. She and the Ford Government have never answered. Here is what we asked:

“This new report also reveals that instructions may have been given or may be given to Ontario emergency services and EMTs on the possibility of not starting critical care supports in some situations for an emergency patient who needs and wants them, before reaching the hospital, if critical care triage has been directed for Ontario. This would be done so that hospitals don’t feel obligated to continue giving that patient critical care. We ask you to let us know if any such instructions have been given or have been designed or contemplated, by whom and to whom, with and with what authority? If so, we ask you to give us a copy of those instructions, past or present, and any draft instructions being considered.”

 3. Reflections on What is Being Said Now to defend the Ford Government’s Disability-Discriminatory Critical Care Triage Protocol and Plans

In the CBC national coverage, the defences offered for the disability discrimination in the Ontario critical care triage protocol are flat wrong.

Bogus Defence #1

The first bogus defence is for the Ontario Government’s defenders simply to deny reality. In the CBC News online story below, Dr. James Downar, author or co-author and lead defender of Ontario’s critical care triage protocol, denies there is any disability discrimination. He has earlier done this in other media. The April 19, 2021 CBC News online report states:

“Ottawa’s Downar, one of the numerous doctors and ethicists behind the drafting of the protocols, replies that no one is being discriminated against based on a disability. Rather, the triage protocols try to save the most lives possible, he said, by prioritizing scarce ICU resources on patients who are most likely to survive.

The criteria that reference dressing or bathing oneself or going shopping, Downar said, do so only for patients with certain underlying conditions — in this case, cancer or frailty syndrome — who fall critically ill with COVID-19. And that’s because those kinds of assessments have been shown in research studies to be strong predictors of whether people with those underlying conditions will survive in the ICU, he said.

Dr. James Downar, who co-wrote Ontario’s ICU triage protocol, acknowledges it may have disproportionate effects on some groups. But he says it’s better than having no protocol and leaving it up to chance or vulnerable to doctors’ unconscious biases. (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute/The Canadian Press)

“People with literally the same disabilities could have totally different mortality risks and thus would be treated very differently. So it’s absolutely not a triage based on disability,” Downar said.”

Similarly, in the April 18, 2021 report on CBC’s The National, Dr. David Neilipovitz ICU director at the Ottawa Hospital, stated:

“In my opinion, and for what it’s worth, is that disabilities do not factor in as a major factor to limit care.”

Totally disproving that bogus defence, here are two illustrations of clear ways that a patient’s disability would explicitly be held against them when a doctor decides how likely the patient is to survive for one year, and hence be prioritized or deprioritized for critical care. First, the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol directs the use of the “Clinical Frailty Scale” as a tool for assessing some patients’ eligibility to be refused critical care, for patients over 65 with a progressive disease (like arthritis or multiple sclerosis). That Scale has doctors assess whether those patients, needing critical care, can perform eleven activities of daily living without assistance, including dressing, bathing, eating, walking, getting in and out of bed, using the telephone, going shopping, preparing meals, doing housework, taking medication, or handling their own finances. This focus on these activities, and the exclusion of any assistance when performing them, is rank disability discrimination. See e.g. the AODA Alliance’s August 30, 2020 written submission to the Bioethics Table, the AODA Alliance’s August 31, 2020 oral presentation to the Bioethics Table and the ARCH Disability Law Centre’s September 1, 2020 written submission to the Bioethics Table.

Second, for patients with cancer, the critical care triage protocol’s online calculator rates the following physical ability criteria all of which can be tied directly to a person’s disability:

“•     Whether a patient is “Fully active and able to carry on all pre-disease performance without restriction”

  • Whether a patient is “Restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature, e.g., light housework, office work”
  • Whether a patient is “Ambulatory and capable of all selfcare but unable to carry out any work activities; up and about more than 50% of waking hours”
  • Whether a patient is “Capable of only limited selfcare; confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours”
  • Whether a patient is “Completely disabled and cannot carry out any self-care; totally confined to bed or chair” – persons in this category receive the worst rating, for getting access to critical care.”

Both those doctors, denying disability discrimination, certainly should know what the Ontario critical care triage protocol says. After all, Dr. Downar wrote or co-wrote it. Dr. David Neilipovitz heads the Ottawa Hospital Critical Care Department.

The fact that doctors will assess a patient’s likely one year mortality is no answer to this concern. The critical care triage protocol makes disability a clear criterion for assessing that one year mortality risk for some patients.

Bogus Defence #2

In the quotation above, Dr. Downar argued that there is no disability discrimination because two people with the same disability might be assessed very differently. Here is that quotation again from the April 19, 2021 CBC News online report, set out in full below:

“”People with literally the same disabilities could have totally different mortality risks and thus would be treated very differently. So it’s absolutely not a triage based on disability,” Downar said.”

That argument rests on the fatally flawed premise that disability discrimination only occurs if all people with the same disability are treated identically under the Ontario critical care triage protocol. That, however, is not how the Ontario Human Rights Code or the Charter of Rights’ equality disability rights provisions work.

Bogus Defence #3

It appears from the April 19, 2021 CBC News online report that Dr. Downar also tried to defend the Ontario critical care triage protocol by stating that it does not discriminate based on disability, because patients with certain named stable disabilities are not subject to assessment for critical care triage by considering if they can perform 11 activities of daily living without assistance. Repeating an argument he has made elsewhere in the media, (but not explicitly using his name here), the CBC report states:

“Protocols in both Ontario and Quebec have explicit language that doctors are not to rely on someone’s disability in assessing their mortality risk. A frailty syndrome assessment is excluded, for instance, for people with “long-term disabilities (e.g. cerebral palsy), learning disabilities or autism.””

What that bogus argument boils down to is this: The critical care triage protocol does not discriminate against all people with disabilities. It only discriminates against some people with disabilities. Therefore, it does not discriminate against anyone based on disability.

That, of course, is no defence to disability discrimination. It is disability discrimination to discriminate against some patients because of some disabilities, without discriminating as well because of some other disabilities.

Compare this bogus argument to the context of racial discrimination. If a company refused to hire black people, it would be no defence to a claim of racial discrimination that the companied did hire some people from other racialized communities and only held a person’s racialized situation against them if their skin is black.

Bogus Defence #4

The fourth bogus defence put forward in this media reporting is that the Ontario critical care triage protocol is better than having no protocol at all. The online April 19, 2021 CBC article states:

“Downar says any protocol is better than none, which could leave decisions vulnerable to doctors’ unconscious biases — or an even cruder determination: first come, first served.”

This bogus defence presupposes that the only way to do critical care triage is with the disability discrimination spelled out in the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol, and with no due process for patients. We do not agree. It is now clear that fully six members of The Government’s external advisory Bioethics Table also disagree with the general position presented in defence of the Ontario critical care triage protocol.

If those designing, approving and defending this protocol have so impoverished an approach to human rights, the Ford Government needs to find new people to design the triage protocol and plan who have a better approach.

4. Reminder Register to Attend Tonight’s Virtual Public Forum on Addressing the Disability Discrimination in Ontario’s Critical Care Triage Protocol and Plan

Please register to join us and other concerned disability organizations tonight at 7:30 p.m. for a virtual information session to learn more about Ontario’s triage protocol and why it matters.

LEARN MORE AND REGISTER NOW! (ASL and closed captioning will be available)

For background on the AODA Alliance’s efforts to battle the danger of disability discrimination in critical care triage, visit the AODA Alliance website’s health care page.

            MORE DETAILS

 CBC News Online April 19, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.cbc.ca/news/health/covid-ontario-icu-triage-1.5992188

As ICUs fill up, doctors confront grim choice of who gets life-saving care

Ontario’s protocol for critical-care triage worries disability rights advocates

Zach Dubinsky, Terence McKenna, Joseph Loiero, Albert Leung

A health-care worker cares for a COVID-19 patient in the ICU at Toronto’s Humber River Hospital. A number of Ontario medical professionals fear that they may be forced to start triaging ICU patients within weeks. (Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press)

Hospitals are shifting critically ill patients around, looking for any empty bed. Nurses and doctors are putting in exhaustion-defying amounts of overtime. Some provinces are opening new intensive care unit capacity.

But it may not be enough to stave off a point no one wants to reach in the pandemic — when only a handful of ICU beds remain but a greater number of patients need those spots.

That point is drawing perilously close in Ontario and possibly parts of Saskatchewan, even as some other provinces don’t have a single hospitalized COVID-19 patient.

It means some of the hardest decisions health-care providers ever face will have to be made: who gets potentially life-saving care and who doesn’t.

“There are people who could be saved by critical care who aren’t going to get it,” said Dr. James Downar, a palliative and critical-care physician in Ottawa who co-wrote Ontario’s ICU protocol for when that awful moment strikes.

He hopes the protocol won’t be needed.

Ontario’s latest COVID-19 modelling ‘catastrophic,’ doctor says

Families torn apart. Workers at a breaking point. Inside a hospital system hit hard by 3rd wave of COVID-19

“It’s a difficult, difficult job to make such a call … and I hope it doesn’t happen.”

Decisions about how to ration life-saving care are never easy, Downar said — and this one has been not only arduous but controversial. Bioethicists and human rights groups have raised concerns that Ontario’s protocol discriminates against people with disabilities.

Downar says any protocol is better than none, which could leave decisions vulnerable to doctors’ unconscious biases — or an even cruder determination: first come, first served.

Level 1 triage could come in weeks

Ontario’s protocol is a work in progress and hasn’t officially been published, but the latest 32-page draft to be widely circulated among doctors looks like this:

Two physicians will independently assess any patient needing an ICU bed for their “short-term mortality risk” or STMR — their likelihood of death within 12 months.

At the lowest level of triage, Level 1, anyone with short-term mortality risk greater than 80 per cent is de-prioritized for an ICU bed.

If the COVID-19 situation worsens and triage moves to Level 2, anyone with an STMR over 50 per cent is “not prioritized for critical care.”

If ICUs get even more strained and go to Level 3, only people with a less than 30 per cent risk of dying within the next year would be prioritized for a spot.

Level 1 triage might be reached within Ontario in the next two weeks if current trends continue.

Quebec has a similar ICU protocol in place, inspired by Ontario’s, that also contemplates bands of mortality risk at 80, 50 and 30 per cent.

Withdrawal of care would need government approval

An even more drastic scenario, contemplated but not yet a possibility, is that doctors could take people off life support to free up ICU space for someone deemed to have a higher chance of survival. For that to happen, the provincial government would have to enact new regulations.

That hasn’t happened yet, but one Ottawa woman says she already worries critical-care physicians are under increasing pressure from having to treat so many ICU patients.

Nadine Tabbara, left, poses with her father, Souheil Tabbara, 74, who entered the ICU at Ottawa Hospital on Feb. 1 with severe COVID-19. (Submitted by Tabbara family)

Nadine Tabbara said her 74-year-old father, Souheil, contracted COVID-19 and was admitted to the Ottawa Hospital intensive care ward Feb. 1 and put on a ventilator. He can’t speak or move his limbs.

Tabbara said doctors told her they want to withdraw life support because he is not getting better, but she worries the worsening COVID situation might be affecting his care.

“The ICU is full and the doctors are overwhelmed,” she said. “And I think they may be rushing to decisions like this.”

The hospital told the family its decision was medically motivated and it would have recommended the same approach even without COVID-19.

“Hospital capacity during the COVID-19 pandemic has not influenced access to critical care at all and does not influence decisions on moving to palliative care,” Ottawa Hospital said in a statement. “The decision to move patients from critical care to palliative care is one that no health-care worker takes lightly.”

With Ontario’s intensive care units approaching a breaking point, doctors are preparing to use triage protocols to determine which of the sickest patients there is capacity to save. 7:16

Protocol violates human rights, groups allege

One major problem with the province’s ICU decision-making protocol, a number of human rights groups and bioethics experts say, is that it risks only deepening inequities in health care.

Some of the more fiercely contested criteria for mortality risk, to be used in assessing critically ill COVID-19 patients with cancer or seniors suffering from a condition known as “frailty,” consider things like whether a patient is “capable of only limited self-care” or can dress, bathe, eat or walk without assistance, and whether they can handle their finances or go shopping.

Lawyer David Lepofsky calls Ontario’s ICU triage plan ‘raging, cruel disability discrimination, by doctors who say this is science and government that won’t even answer.’ (Simon Dingley/CBC)

“The only way to describe this is as raging, cruel disability discrimination, by doctors who say this is science and government that won’t even answer,” said lawyer and disability rights activist David Lepofsky, chair of the AODA Alliance, which has been campaigning to reform the Ontario ICU protocol since an early version emerged last spring.

“It explicitly makes having a disability count against you, and that is flagrantly contrary to the human rights code and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.”

Pandemic made ‘exponentially scarier’

Lepofsky said doctors’ decisions on who lives and who dies won’t be subject to appeal, which denies patients and their families a fundamental right.

“If we had the death penalty, you’d have right to trial and due process,” he said.

Vivia Kay Kieswetter, a seminary student at Trinity College in Toronto and advocate for people with disabilities who has an autoimmune disorder, said reading Ontario’s ICU triage protocol has made the pandemic “exponentially scarier” for her.

“This is something that has been a source of additional stress and anxiety for those with disabilities over the course of this pandemic,” she said.

COVID-19 patients arriving ‘back to back’ at Vancouver General Hospital’s ICU, doctor says

VIDEO: ‘Very anxious’: ICU nurse describes what it’s like to treat COVID patients

Six of the bioethicists on the panel that helped draft the protocol published a dissent last week. They say the protocol doesn’t properly recognize that people with disabilities, Indigenous patients or people of colour could disproportionately be scored at a higher short-term mortality risk because of pre-existing inequities in society that weigh on their health “well before people are brought to the doors of an ICU.”

“Judgments about mortality risk in the short or long term, functional status or clinical frailty scores compounds health inequities by failing to … [consider] social disadvantage,” the dissenting bioethicists wrote.

‘Absolutely not … based on disability’

Ottawa’s Downar, one of the numerous doctors and ethicists behind the drafting of the protocols, replies that no one is being discriminated against based on a disability. Rather, the triage protocols try to save the most lives possible, he said, by prioritizing scarce ICU resources on patients who are most likely to survive.

The criteria that reference dressing or bathing oneself or going shopping, Downar said, do so only for patients with certain underlying conditions — in this case, cancer or frailty syndrome — who fall critically ill with COVID-19. And that’s because those kinds of assessments have been shown in research studies to be strong predictors of whether people with those underlying conditions will survive in the ICU, he said.

Dr. James Downar, who co-wrote Ontario’s ICU triage protocol, acknowledges it may have disproportionate effects on some groups. But he says it’s better than having no protocol and leaving it up to chance or vulnerable to doctors’ unconscious biases. (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute/The Canadian Press)

“People with literally the same disabilities could have totally different mortality risks and thus would be treated very differently. So it’s absolutely not a triage based on disability,” Downar said.

Protocols in both Ontario and Quebec have explicit language that doctors are not to rely on someone’s disability in assessing their mortality risk. A frailty syndrome assessment is excluded, for instance, for people with “long-term disabilities (e.g. cerebral palsy), learning disabilities or autism.”

Still, Downar acknowledged that the effect of using short-term mortality risk to triage patients for ICU care “is going to necessarily affect some demographic groups more than others.”

“What we lack is a way to correct for it that would be fair, objective and that everybody would agree on. It’s not that we haven’t looked…. But so far we have yet to see one that would be fair.”

 The National Post April 14, 2021

Originally posted at https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/surging-like-absolute-crazy-ontario-hospitals-pray-they-dont-reach-last-resort-stage-in-third-wave

‘Surging like absolute crazy’: Ontario hospitals ‘pray’ they don’t reach last-resort stage in third wave

The triage protocol would mean choosing which patients should be offered potentially life-prolonging care

Author of the article: Sharon Kirkey

A tent city has been erected in the parking lot of Toronto’s Sunnybrook hospital to handle a surge in COVID-19 cases. PHOTO BY PETER J. THOMPSON/NATIONAL POST/FILE

The idea of people being removed from intensive care, unhooked from ventilators that might have saved them to make room for someone else more likely to survive is almost unfathomable, says the president and CEO of Canada’s largest university hospital.

“I believe we’ll fight that one as long as humanly possible, and I pray we never get to the point of having to consider that,” said Dr. Kevin Smith, head of Toronto’s University Health Network and co-chair of Ontario’s COVID-19 critical care table.

Staged withdrawals of life-support from people with low chances of survival are not part of a 32-page emergency triage protocol that would be enacted should Ontario ICU’s become saturated.

“Only the provincial government can take the steps necessary to enable physicians to withdraw life-sustaining treatment without consent” in order to give that care to someone with better prospects, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario said in a notice to physicians last week.

The triage protocol would, however, mean choosing which new patients should be offered potentially life-prolonging care — who to admit and who not to admit to the ICU, whether for COVID or a heart attack.

Hospitals are working flat out to avoid enacting the protocol — transferring hundreds of patients from hot spots to communities with extra space, cancelling non-urgent surgeries to free up 700 critical care beds, and redeploying nursing and other health-care staff.

“Is it optimal and what we’d love to be doing? No. It’s where we find ourselves at this point in this rapid growth of the pandemic,” Smith said.

Admissions to ICUs have not only been rising, people are arriving in emergency rooms needing intensive care — immediately. “The virus has attacked them, literally, so quickly, it over came them so fast” that some are arriving in emergency desperately ill, before even having been tested for COVID, said Vicki McKenna, a registered nurse and provincial president with the Ontario Nurses Association.

As of midnight Monday, 1,892 people were in intensive care in Ontario hospitals, roughly a third — 623 — with COVID.

Should the number of people — with or without COVID — needing critical care approach 3,000, “that’s when we’re going to be precariously close to having to consider other options, and much less attractive options,” Smith said.

Those options include treating ICU patients outside ICUs, staffing ratios “we wouldn’t be very pleased by or comfortable with,” more field hospitals, bringing in doctors who don’t normally practise in hospitals, air lifting patients to Sudbury or Thunder Bay, “and, of course, last resort, thinking about the triage tool,” Smith said.

MORE ON THIS TOPIC

A recent study found that the neighbourhoods in Toronto and Peel region that had the most essential workers and lowest incomes had the great number of COVID-19 cases.

What the numbers fail to tell us about how and where COVID-19 spreads

According to a Statistics Canada report last month, this country saw 13,798 more deaths than would be expected by mid-December of 2020, based on previous years and after accounting for the aging population.

How ‘excess deaths’ show COVID-19’s real impact

Nationally, more than 3,000 people with COVID were being treated in hospital each day over the past seven days, a 29 per cent increase over the previous week. ICU admissions are up 24 per cent.

The number of deaths has averaged around 30 a day for several weeks, a dramatic drop from the peaks of wave one and two, when Canada saw the highest rates of nursing home deaths globally. Deaths are down because jurisdictions prioritized seniors in long-term care and retirement home for vaccines.

But if rapidly spreading variants make more people severely ill, that mortality trend could change, federal health officials warned Tuesday.

British Columbia saw a record 121 people with COVID in critical care on Monday, and hospitalizations are starting to stretch the capacities of some hospitals in Metro Vancouver, the Vancouver Sun reported. Provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry is pleading with British Columbians to not leave their neighbourhoods as the fearsome Brazilian P.1 variant spreads. Quebec is also reporting a rise in hospitalizations and ICU admissions.

Under an emergency protocol for a major surge developed for Ontario hospitals, those with the best chance of surviving 12 months would be given priority for an ICU bed.

In Ontario, “we’re moving patients like absolute crazy; we’re surging like absolute crazy,” one critical care specialist said. Ontario quietly issued emergency orders last week allowing hospitals to transfer patients to other hospitals, if needed, without their consent.

About 1,300 to 1,400 people have been shuttled around the province so far, mostly from the GTA to southern Ontario, and “it isn’t without the realization of how stressful that is for families,” Smith said.

Ontario reported 3,670 new COVID cases Tuesday, down from Sunday’s 4,456 record high. But infections are based on exposures a week or so ago. And hospital admissions and deaths lag infections by a week or two.

Today’s ICU admissions reflect when case numbers in Ontario were in the 2,000-range, said Ottawa critical care physician Dr. James Downar. “Very likely the stay-at-home order, coupled with the delayed March (school) break, will have the effect of blunting and flattening this a little bit. But that’s going to take a while.”

Among his concerns, “super-loading” nurses. Ontario already had the worst registered nurse-to-population ratio of all Canadian provinces before the pandemic. ICU nurses are highly specialized and after 14 months of the pandemic are burning out.

Normally in the ICU, it’s a one-to-one, nurse-patient ratio. Occasionally, they might have two patients. “But when they get added, and loaded up, that’s when the situation is unbearable for the nurse, and very high concern of course for the number of patients they’re trying to care for at any one time,” McKenna said.

Under an emergency protocol for a major surge developed for Ontario hospitals, those with the best chance of surviving 12 months would be given priority for an ICU bed. The protocol includes a “short-term mortality risk” calculator physicians could use to input information on the person’s condition — whether they have heart failure, cancer, chronic liver disease or severe COVID — that gives the person’s triage priority score.

While no one wants it, it’s a rational approach based on core principles and criteria, said Downar, one of the authors. “You apply the same rule to everybody.”

The group Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance has said the protocol is discriminatory, reduces life and death decisions “to a cold digitized computation” and, if consent legislation was changed, would allow doctors to “evict” someone from critical care.

Quebec hospitals haven’t yet been hit hard in the third wave, despite rising infections. However, Montreal ICUs are still dealing with people who survived COVID in the second wave, and need critical care for “respiratory compromise,” said Dr. Peter Goldberg, director of critical care at the McGill University Health Centre.

“About one-third of all our ICU beds are committed to either active or recovering COVID patients,” Goldberg said in an email.

“I can’t imagine that we’ll escape another ICU admission blip over the next couple of weeks,” he said. But he added, “thankfully,” there are no discussions about implementing Quebec’s triage protocol.



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One Year After the First Secret Ontario Critical Care Triage Protocol Was Sent to Ontario Hospitals, the Threat of Critical Care Discrimination Against Some Patients with Disabilities Remains A Live Worry


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance Update

United for a Barrier-Free Society for All People with Disabilities

Web: www.aodaalliance.org Email: [email protected] Twitter: @aodaalliance Facebook: www.facebook.com/aodaalliance/

One Year After the First Secret Ontario Critical Care Triage Protocol Was Sent to Ontario Hospitals, the Threat of Critical Care Discrimination Against Some Patients with Disabilities Remains A Live Worry

March 29, 2021

            SUMMARY

It was one year ago yesterday that the Ford Government secretly sent Ontario hospitals a deeply-flawed critical care triage protocol, directing how hospitals should decide who will be refused life-saving critical care if hospitals get overloaded by the COVID-19pandemic. It was one year ago next week that the disability community learned of this, and made public the fact that the Government’s critical care triage protocol discriminates against some patients with disabilities.

Where are we one year later? The COVID-19 pandemic is still upon us. Despite the good news of COVID-19 vaccines, waves of new infections continue to push Ontario’s hospitals to the limit. The risk of Ontario having to ration critical care remains a real one.

As well, one year later, the Ford Government wrongly continues to deal with this issue in secret, and without itself consulting the public or making public what it is doing. It continues to deny responsibility in this area, sloughing it off on the medical profession. It continues to sit back while an updated critical care triage protocol is in place, that would continue to discriminate against some patients with disabilities.

Oddly, the health care web page of the AODA Alliance website continues to be the best, if not the only place to go to find public copies of important documents in this area, such as Ontario’s January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol, and the September 11, 2020 report of the Government’s Bioethics Table. News reporters continue to tell us that they cannot get straight answers, and at times, cannot get any answers at all, from the Ford Government on this critical care triage issue.

Even though too many news outlets have failed to give this issue the attention it deserves, there have been a few recent and important news reports. Below, we set out:

* The March 29, 29, 2021 Globe and Mail report on the critical care triage issue;

* The February 7, 2021 Globe and Mail report on the critical care triage issue; and

* The February 8, 2021 Lawyer’s Daily report on broader health care barriers facing people with disabilities during COVID-19, which situates the critical care triage discrimination against some patients with disabilities into that broader issue.

We offer four reflections on those reports:

  1. The cruel irony has not been lost on many people with disabilities that at the same time as people with disabilities must battle against the life-threatening dangers facing them if Ontario undertakes critical care triage, disability advocates have also been campaigning against Bill C-7, controversial new federal legislation that substantially liberalizes medical assistance in dying. There has been this increased governmental focus on ending the lives of people with disabilities, without comparable governmental efforts to improve the opportunities for living with a disability.
  1. As the Government itself hides, Dr. James Downar continues in effect to play the role of the Government’s chief defender on this critical care triage issue. He appears indistinguishable from a cabinet minister’s spokesperson. He has been credited with being an author, if not the key author, of the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol which embodies seriously harmful disability discrimination. As a member of the Government’s advisory Bioethics Table, he was a key player during a series of virtual meetings last summer, where the AODA Alliance and certain other disability advocates and experts voiced concerns in this area.

Dr. Downar’s statements in the Government’s defence in the March 29, 2021 article below constitute a seriously erroneous rejection of key points of input we presented to him and his Bioethics Table colleagues on these disability issues. That article states:

“He said using a scoring system, such as the clinical frailty scale, to evaluate patients is meant to limit the scope of a doctor’s subjective judgements or bias, in order to try to ensure everyone is treated equally. The protocol, he said, is focused on a patient’s risk of mortality at 12 months, not whether they have a disability.”

Whether or not the critical care triage protocol was intended as he stated, we and other disability advocates have shown that the protocol has the clear effect of discriminating because of disability. It is the effect of the protocol and not its intent that determines whether it is a violation of the Charter of Rights and/or the Ontario Human Rights Code. Dr. Downar’s defence provides no defence.

  1. Both Globe and Mail articles report on advocacy by some doctors to be given the power to pull the plug on critical care patients over their objection, taking away critical care they are already receiving, and thereby endangering their life. No one has answered our objection that Ontario cannot authorize this without the doctor running up against Canada’s Criminal Code homicide provisions. This piles onto vulnerable people with disabilities yet another danger to their lives, during a pandemic where they have disproportionately been at risk of getting COVID-19and dying from it.
  1. The Globe and Mail’s February 7, 2021 article quotes a bioethicist in defence of the January 13, 2021 Critical Care Triage Protocol, who claims it is designed to protect human rights. The title “bioethicist” implies great expertise in this area. However, there is cause for concern.

There is no public regulation of who can call themselves a bioethicist. There appears to be no self-governing body for bioethicists, and no code of ethics for bioethicists. We have learned through the critical care triage issue that a person does not need to have any training in law or human rights, to call themselves a bioethicist. Indeed, some make statements on basic constitutional and human rights that reflect a demonstrable lack of knowledge in these important areas.

For more background in this area, check out the AODA Alliance’s health care web page. Also, check out the AODA Alliance’s February 25, 2021 report entitled: “A Deeply Troubling Issue of Life and Death — An Independent Report on Ontario’s Seriously-Flawed Plans for Rationing or “Triage” of Critical Medical Care If COVID-19 Overwhelms Ontario Hospitals”.

            MORE DETAILS

Globe and Mail March 29, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-ontario-covid-19-surge-could-force-doctors-to-use-online-calculator-to/

Ontario’s COVID-19 triage plan includes online care calculator

By JEFF GRAY

Staff

If COVID-19’s surging third wave overwhelms Ontario’s hospitals, doctors could soon be forced to use an emergency triage protocol that includes an online calculator to help decide who gets lifesaving care and who does not.

The website, which prompts physicians to key in a critical patient’s diagnosis in order to estimate their chances of survival, is part of an emergency procedure drafted to help doctors make what would normally be unthinkable decisions. The protocol has been distributed to hospitals. But it has never officially been made public.

The province has loosened some pandemic restrictions in recent weeks, even as daily new infections still shoot upward, with more than 2,448 recorded on Sunday and 19 deaths. Ontario counted 390 COVID-19 patients in its intensive-care units, not far from the peak of 420 hit in the second wave of the virus in January.

While the provincial government says it has added hospital capacity, the Ontario Hospital Association warned last Friday that the province’s critical-care system was reaching its “saturation point” and that soon “hospitals will be under extraordinary pressure to try and ensure equitable access to lifesaving critical care.”

To deal with the onslaught, ICUs have been transferring critical patients from packed facilities to those elsewhere that still have space. Patients are being shipped via ambulance helicopter from Toronto to as far away as Kingston. Field hospitals have also sprung up around several health care facilities, including Toronto’s Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.

But more than a year into a pandemic that put hospitals in New York and Italy over the brink, the Ontario government has kept almost all planning for such a worst-case scenario out of the public eye.

By contrast, Quebec held open consultations on its emergency triage protocol months ago.

Meanwhile, the Ontario Human Rights Commission and disability rights groups have raised objections for months, warning that leaked drafts of Ontario’s protocol discriminate unfairly against older and disabled people.

Both a January version of the protocol, developed by the group that co-ordinates critical care across the province, and the online calculation tool have only come to light after being obtained by the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance, a disability rights group.

The AODAA has also obtained a “framework document,” prepared by the government’s bioethics table, a committee of experts that has been wrestling with the triage issue for the past year.

The province’s Ministry of Health has said only that the triage protocol, known as an “emergency standard of care,” was drafted by the medical profession and not approved by the ministry.

The notion of an online triage aide may sound strange, but nothing about hospitals swamped by COVID-19 would be normal. The “short-term mortality risk” calculator would allow physicians to type data on the severity of a patient’s conditions – cancer, trauma, stroke and so on – to help come up with an estimated chance of survival after 12 months. Those with a higher chance of survival would be given priority for ICU spots. Decisions would be made by two doctors, not one alone.

David Lepofsky, a lawyer and chairman of the AODAA, said it’s the wrong approach.

“It creates the false impression that this can be an objective [task]. Just type in the data, press the button, the computer will tell you who lives and who dies,” Mr. Lepofsky said in an interview.

He takes issue with the protocol’s reliance on a metric for use on those over 65 known as the clinical frailty scale, which measures a patient’s ability to perform various everyday tasks.

That, he argues, devalues the lives of disabled people.

James Downar, a specialist in critical care at The Ottawa Hospital and a drafter of the triage plan who sits on the province’s bioethics table, said the online calculator is no different than the paper version that doctors can also use under the protocol.

He said using a scoring system, such as the clinical frailty scale, to evaluate patients is meant to limit the scope of a doctor’s subjective judgements or bias, in order to try to ensure everyone is treated equally. The protocol, he said, is focused on a patient’s risk of mortality at 12 months, not whether they have a disability.

“None of us want to be in a triage scenario,” Dr. Downar said.

“The purpose of a triage system is to reduce the number of preventable deaths and reduce the number of people who are denied critical care.”

Dr. Downar said he believed it would be best to make the triage plans public.

A spokeswoman for Ontario Health Minister Christine Elliott referred questions about the protocol to Jennifer Gibson, the cochair of the government’s bioethics table and director of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics.

Dr. Gibson said the bioethics table has been in discussions with the Ontario Human Rights Commission on addressing its concerns with the triage protocol.

She also said the table has previously recommended an open public consultation on the triage issue – but that the government had so far not acted on this idea.

“We provide advice. And that advice may be taken or it may not be taken,” Dr. Gibson said.

Even with ICUs at a tipping point, Dr. Gibson said she didn’t think it was too late to start a more open discussion of the issues at stake, to build public trust.

Earlier this month, the chief commissioner of Ontario’s Human Rights Commission, Ena Chadha, wrote to Ms. Elliott to reiterate concerns about the protocol, the potential for discrimination against the disabled and a lack of consultation and transparency around it. Ms. Chadha and other groups have been at odds with the government over the issue since last March.

“We have to develop a framework that is equitable, with human-rights considerations being paramount. Which means it can’t be built on ageist or ableist notions, or assumptions about quality of life,” she said. “This is the problem.”

Michael Warner, the head of critical care at Michael Garron Hospital in Toronto’s east end, said ICU doctors have been familiarized with the emergency triage protocol – even though the government says it remains unapproved – and that committees at hospitals across the province to oversee it have been set up. He held up a paper triage form in a Twitter video on Friday, urging Premier Doug Ford to tighten public-health measures.

He also criticized the government for so far declining to say it would, if needed, issue an order to override Ontario’s health care legislation and allow for the withdrawal of lifesaving care from patients already in the ICU who are unlikely to survive. Under the plan as it stands now, only new patients would face ICU triage.

It’s unclear, Dr. Warner warned, how the plans would roll out in what would be an unprecedented crisis.

“This could be battlefield medicine,” he said. “We may end up having to improvise.”

 The Globe and Mail February 7, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-ontarios-life-and-death-emergency-triage-protocol-remains-a-work-in/

News

Ontario’s life-and-death triage protocol still in progress

By JEFF GRAY

Staff

If a third wave of COVID-19 overwhelms Ontario hospitals, and intensive care units run out of beds, the province’s doctors could be forced to make previously unthinkable decisions about who gets access to life-saving treatment. Precisely how they would do that remains largely under wraps even as concern mounts about the spread of more contagious new variants of the virus.

Ontario has cancelled procedures, added beds and helicoptered patients from hotspots to less-crowded hospitals to avoid the worst. But its contingency planning for how doctors would cope with an uncontainable COVID-19 surge has occurred largely behind closed doors. That has raised alarms with disability rights activists and the Ontario Human Rights Commission, who warn hospital triage protocols must guard against discrimination.

Meanwhile, some doctors say a draft “emergency standard of care” distributed to hospitals last month – but not publicly released – does not go far enough.

They say it lacks a grim but necessary provision: The power to unplug patients who are unlikely to survive from life support without consent to make room for those with a better chance.

Not allowing this kind of triage, some doctors argue, could create a kind of first-come, firstserved system, in which patients who might have lived are denied access to scarce ICU beds because others who have little hope already occupy them. More people, they say, would end up dying.

The problem is a legal one. In Ontario, removing life support without the consent of the patient or their next of kin or designated decision maker has been barred since the Supreme Court of Canada decision ruled in 2013 that the province’s Health Care Consent Act applies to both providing and withdrawing care.

The decision did not affect other provinces.

Quebec’s triage protocol, which has been made public, would allow doctors to apply a set of criteria to remove patients from life support without consent if needed. Other jurisdictions, including New York, have had to invoke triage protocols, formal or informal, to deal with tidal waves of COVID-19 cases.

Ontario’s COVID-19 bioethics table, made up of critical-care doctors and academics, recommended in a September “framework” document that the government issue an emergency order “related to any aspect [of the triage plans] requiring a deviation from the Health Care Consent Act.” It also called for an order to provide liability protection for doctors. The document laid out the principles for triaging patients in a COVID-19 surge.

In response to inquiries from The Globe and Mail, Ontario’s Ministry of Health said in a statement that an emergency order, which would need cabinet approval, “is not currently being considered.” It also said it had not yet officially approved any triage protocol and that the bioethics table would continue to discuss the proposals with “stakeholder groups.”

The draft emergency standard of care distributed to hospitals would classify new patients needing life support based on how likely they are to survive for 12 months. But those already inside the ICU, no matter how small their chance of recovery, would stay put.

Michael Warner, the head of critical care at Michael Garron Hospital in Toronto’s east end, said the government has to issue an emergency order to fix an unfair triage plan that would leave more people dead. But he said he realizes politicians would rather not confront the issue before it is necessary: “I understand that this is a nuclear football for any government.”

Last month, with more than 400 COVID-19 patients in ICUs across the province, hospitals raised frantic alarms. But with the recent slowdown in infections, numbers have declined.

On Friday, the province said it had 325 patients in its ICUs with the virus.

Critics say Ontario is wrong to keep the life-and-death deliberations quiet. Disability rights activists obtained leaked copies of the framework and the proposed standard of care and posted them online. Neither of the cochairs of the bioethics table responded to requests for comment for this article.

“That’s just the way Doug Ford likes to do things, behind closed doors, and in secret,” Opposition NDP Leader Andrea Horwath said. “But on something like this, literally life-and-death decisions … there’s just no excuse to not make these kinds of policy decisions the result of massive engagement with Ontarians.”

Disability rights activists say the current proposal would discriminate against the disabled.

Some hold that doctors should never remove a patient from life support without consent.

“That is a point that we shouldn’t have to get to,” said Mariam Shanouda, a lawyer with the ARCH Disability Law Centre, who argues the government must do more to ensure such drastic measures are never needed.

David Lepofsky, a lawyer and chairman of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act Alliance, said the triage protocol lacks an arm’s-length process to appeal decisions, which doctors say is not compatible with acting quickly in a crisis. He also questions the government’s legal authority to issue an emergency order that would allow doctors to remove a patient from life support without consent.

“Any doctor that would consider doing this, I hope they’ve got a lawyer,” Mr. Lepofsky said.

Andrea Frolic, an ethicist and the director of the medical assistance in dying program at Hamilton Health Sciences, who served on the bioethics table until last September, said no protocol is perfect, but the current draft includes safeguards and is designed to protect human rights.

It focuses on the individual patient’s risk of dying, she said, not any disability.

Dr. Frolic said the government needs to assure ICU doctors that the protocol and an emergency order are in place long before infections begin to spike again, so that doctors – and the public – are prepared: “That’s not necessarily something that can turn on overnight.”

The Lawyer’s Daily February 8, 2021

Originally posted at https://www.thelawyersdaily.ca/articles/24331/research-project-seeks-to-understand-covid-19-justice-barriers-for-people-who-live-with-disabilities

Research project seeks to understand COVID-19 justice barriers for people who live with disabilities

Researchers at a western Canada university have embarked on studies into how measures to combat COVID-19 have impacted access to justice for Ontarians with disabilities living in care centres and people with mental disorders in British Columbia’s prisons and psychiatric facilities.

Thompson Rivers University (TRU) law professor Dr. Ruby Dhand is one of the researchers who in January launched the two projects. Each is being run in collaboration with various legal and advocacy groups. The goal, to use legal and scientific research to promote legislative change.

The Ontario project, Dhand told The Lawyer’s Daily, will also involve a TRU science professor and a law professor from the University of Windsor and will be run in collaboration with the Toronto-based ARCH Disability Law Centre (ARCH).

According to a description on a TRU webpage, the project will examine “COVID-19 barriers to justice for those who live with disabilities in these congregate care settings,” such as long-term care homes, group homes and assisted living facilities.

Dhand said restrictions put in place to combat the health crisis have resulted in a lack of care, community supports and “communication devices,” as well as fallout from visitor bans and reductions in standard services.

“We’ve recognized that people with disabilities, as this pandemic has evolved, who are living in congregate care settings … have really been disproportionately impacted,” said Dhand. “It’s become clear that over 80 per cent of these COVID-19 related deaths have occurred in these long-term care facilities. … They are experiencing complex forms of discrimination.

“[The] purpose of this research to highlight those voices, because this will be a quotative, multidisciplinary research project. … We recognize that, throughout this pandemic, the voices of people with disabilities have really be silenced, and it doesn’t seem like they’ve been prioritized.”

Dhand also talked about the controversial emergency “triage” protocol put together by the province, which would reportedly allow doctors in intensive care units to decide who gets a bed and who doesn’t in the event hospitals become overwhelmed by the health crisis.

“A clear access to justice issue has also been Ontario’s triage protocols,” Dhand said. “As a result of the triage protocols, a person with a disability will be deprioritized. The protocols state that they will be deprioritized for a ventilator [if their] future quality of life is determined to be poor because of their disability. So, disability advocates have raised concerns about the discriminatory impact of the triage protocols on people with disability in congregate care settings. … Access to health care is an access to justice issue.”

In January, ARCH issued a statement about possible temporary suspensions to Ontario health-care legislation that “would effectively permit doctors to withdraw treatment from a patient without the consent of the patient or family” if hospitals end up having “more patients than resources.” This would accompany the province’s triage protocol, ARCH goes on to state.

The Accessibility for Ontarians With Disabilities Act Alliance recently said that such a thing would be like “recklessly tap-dancing in a constitutional minefield.”

Dhand hopes the research she and the others conduct will help prompt legislative change.

“This proposed partnership comes at a critical moment in ARCH’s advocacy efforts, and we want to be able to help; we want to be able to have this research create disability-informed responses to the pandemic and post-pandemic planning.”

Turning to the second research project, Dhand says this B.C.-based initiative is examining COVID-19 transmission risks and barriers to justice for those being detained in the province’s mental health facilities, prisons and detention centres.

It is in collaboration with a number of community organizations, including the West Coast Justice Society and the Elizabeth Fry Society.

“People with mental health and substance use issues who are in mental health facilities and prisons and detention centres have an increased potential of death,” said Dhand. “They experience much higher likelihood of getting COVID-19 because these are congregate care facilities, where people live in crowded and confined spaces with high transmission risk. And there is also a lack of resources [and] a lack of [personal protective equipment]. And people with mental health and substance use issues have already pre-existing health issues and vulnerabilities.”

Dhand said they can also “experience consent and capacity issues” and, in some cases, “may not even understand what the public health measures mean.”

She also cites “a lack of community-based care and diversion options” and an increase in the use of solitary confinement and lockdowns since the start of the pandemic.

Both projects will run for up to two years, Dhand said.



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